South Africa Corn: Drought Reduces Production Forecast .

(Feb 08, 2019)

South Africa’s 2018/19 corn production is forecast at 11.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt or 4 percent from December and down 2.0 mmt (15 percent) from last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 95 percent of the total crop. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from December and down 0.23 mha or 9 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 4.8 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from December and down 7 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Romania Corn: Ideal Weather and Improved Input Use Raise Record Harvest Further.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Romania corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at a record 14.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt (4 percent) from December, up 2.1 mmt (18 percent) from last year, and 31 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from December, down 0.1 mha (4 percent) from last year, and down 6 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 5.83 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from December, up 23 percent from last year and up 39 percent from the 5-year average. Romania represents 23 percent of the total 2018/19 European Union (EU) production, the largest in the EU, significantly ahead of the second largest producer, France, which had a poor crop. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: State Statistical Agency Reports Record Yield .

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 35.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from December, up 11.4 mmt from last year and 4.6 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Harvest was complete in December. The estimated harvested area is 4.55 million hectares (mha), up 0.05 mha from December. Yield is estimated at a record 7.80 metric tons per hectare and is attributed to favorable conditions throughout the growing season. The increased estimate is based on preliminary harvest data from the State Statistical Service of Ukraine. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Production Estimate Up 41 Percent from Last Year.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Argentina corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 46.0 million metric tons, up 8 percent from December and 44 percent from last season. Area is estimated at 5.5 million hectares, up 6 percent from December and 6 percent higher than last year. Area is increased due to late planting of early-season hybrids. The estimated yield of 8.36 tons per hectare is 2 percent higher than December’s yield and 36 percent higher than last year. Both early-planted and late-planted crops benefited from timely rains in areas affected by the early-season dryness in Cordoba province. Late January rains were positive in most areas; however, in Santa Fe and in the northern provinces the rains resulted in excessive soil moisture. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Argentina Wheat: Harvest Complete.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Argentina wheat production for 2018/19 at 19.2 million metric tons (mmt), down less than 2 percent from December and up 4 percent from last season. Area is estimated at 6.1 million hectares (mha), down 2 percent from December and up 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.15 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from December and down 1 percent from last year. The season started with adequate subsoil moisture during emergence and establishment, but rains stopped and only began again during the beginning of grain-fill. Dryness in Cordoba during jointing through booting reduced yield potential. Late-season rain impeded harvest in Santa Fe and in the northern regions of the country. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Second Highest Yield on Record .

(Feb 08, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 71.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.6 mmt from December and down 13.4 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 51.0 mmt of winter wheat and 20.6 mmt of spring wheat (excludes about 0.5 mmt estimated output from Crimea). (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Production Down Due to Drought.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Brazil soybean production for 2018/19 is estimated at 117.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 5 mmt or 4 percent from December and 3 percent from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 36.1 million hectares, down slightly from December, but up 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.24 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from December and 6 percent below last year’s record, which benefited from favorable weather. Generally favorable weather at the start of the season was followed by irregular rainfall with sustained periods of dryness in portions of the South and Center-West regions. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Sorghum: Heat and Dryness Reduce Production Prospects.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Australia sorghum production for 2018/19 is estimated at 2.0 million tons (mmt), down 0.2 mmt or 9 percent from December, but up 0.6 mmt or 39 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 0.75 million hectares (mha), unchanged from December, but up 0.22 mha or 41 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.67 tons per hectare, down 9 percent from December and 7 percent below the five-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov,)

Australia Cotton: Production Estimate Increased.

(Feb 08, 2019)

The 2018/19 Australia cotton crop is estimated at 2.6 million 480-pound bales (0.566 million metric tons), up 0.1 million bales from December but down 2.1 million or 45 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.3 million hectares, unchanged from December, but down 43 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,887 kilograms per hectare, 2 percent below the 5- year average. Yield is expected to increase from last year because of an estimated decrease in the share of the area sown to lower-yielding dryland cotton. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: End of Season Rain Reduces Harvest Estimate.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkey cotton production at 3.7 million 480-pound bales, down 0.6 million from December, and down 8 percent from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 520,000 hectares, unchanged from December, up 11 percent from last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,549 kilograms per hectare, down 14 percent from December. Planting began with ample soil moisture, and in some areas excessive rainfall necessitated replanting. Weather was favorable with good growing conditions except for isolated areas of excessive rainfall at harvest in the Aegean and GAP (Southeastern Anatolia) regions. Harvest was complete in December. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

China Cotton: Production Increased Due to Record Yield.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 cotton production at 27.5 million 480-pound bales (5.99 million metric tons), up 1.9 percent from December, unchanged from last year, and up 1.9 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 3.35 million hectares, unchanged from the previous estimate, but down 1.5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 1,787 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 1.8 percent from the previous estimate and up 1.5 percent from last year’s record of 1,761 kg/ha. The projected yield is slightly above the long-term trend due to an increased share of cotton planted in Xinjiang province where yield is nearly twice the national average. The major production regions are in Xinjiang, Shandong, Hebei, and Jiangsu provinces. The 2018/19 season was characterized by favorable weather and soil moisture across the major cotton growing regions, facilitating rapid planting and favorable crop establishment. For 2017/18 and 2018/19, Xinjiang province produced nearly 78 percent of the total national cotton production. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Weak 2018 Southwest Monsoon Results in Lower Cotton Production.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India cotton production at 27.0 million 480-pound bales, down nearly 7 percent from 2017/18. The area is estimated at 12.3 million hectares, down almost 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 480 kilograms per hectare, down slightly from December and down 5 percent from last year. The yield adjustment is due to the rainfall deficit and pest infestation in the major cotton producing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Harvest Reports Cite Record Production .

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 35.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.5 mmt from last month, up 10.9 mmt from last year and 4.1 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Yield is estimated at 7.78 metric tons per hectare, 4 percent above last month and 43 percent above last year. The high yield is attributed to favorable growing conditions throughout the season. The estimated harvested area is unchanged at 4.5 million hectares. The yield reported by the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food as of December 4, 2018 was 21 percent above the previous high for that date. Harvest is 97 percent complete and will continue until mid-December. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Romania Corn: Estimated Production Breaks 1984 Record.

(Dec 11, 2018)

Romania corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at a record 13.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.9 mmt (7 percent) from last month, up 1.6 mmt (13 percent) from last year, and 26 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, down 0.1 mha (4 percent) from last year, and down 6 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 5.63 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month, up 18 percent from last year and up 34 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

South Africa Corn: Planting Continues Under Drought Conditions .

(Dec 11, 2018)

South Africa’s 2018/19 corn production is forecast at 12.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1 million tons from last month (8 percent) and down 1.5 mmt (11 percent) from last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 95 percent of the total crop. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 mha from last month (8 percent) and down 0.23 mha from last year (9 percent). Planting is currently underway but behind schedule due to below-average rainfall from October through early December. Additional rainfall is needed in December to improve soil moisture conditions for corn germination and establishment. Planting is expected to conclude by mid-January. Yield is forecast at 5.0 metric tons per hectare, slightly above the 10-year trend (2 percent) and it assumes normal weather for the remainder of the growing season. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Record Production Forecast due to Higher Yield.

(Dec 11, 2018)

Brazil soybean production for 2018/19 is forecast at a record 122 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.5 mmt (1 percent) from last month and up 1 percent from the previous year. Harvested area is estimated at 36.2 million hectares, down 3 percent from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. Soybean area expansion continues for the thirteenth straight year, with the most significant 2018/19 gains forecast for the Center-West region and the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Planting has progressed at a faster-than-average pace, with planting already more than 90 percent complete. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

India Rapeseed: Production Forecast Down due to Drop in Area.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 India rapeseed production at 6.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.45 mmt from 2017. Area is forecast at 6.0 million hectares (mha), down 0.5 mha from last month and unchanged from last year. This nearly 8- percent drop in area is due to drier and warmer conditions at planting. Yield is forecast at 1.0 metric ton per hectare, unchanged from last month and down nearly 7 percent from last year. As of November 11, 2018, the Ministry of Agriculture reported that rapeseed planting is 95 percent complete at 5.78 mha. The major rapeseed producers are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Indonesia Palm Oil: Estimated Production Increased Due to Higher Yield .

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Indonesia 2018/19 palm oil production at 41.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt from last month and up 2.0 mmt from last year. The production increase is driven by high yields as favorable weather has benefited the crop. The estimated yield increase would mark the third consecutive year of rebounding yields following the 2015/16 El Niño event, which hit palmproducing areas in southern Sumatra and Kalimantan. Yield is estimated at 3.67 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 11.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Estimated Production Decreases on Limited Water Supplies.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Thailand 2018/19 rice production at 20.7 million metric tons (milled basis), down 2 percent from last month but up 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 11 million hectares, down 2 percent from last month but up 3 percent from last year. The month-to-month area change was attributed to insufficient water supplies for the dry-season (second-season) crop in the northern and northeastern regions, which accounts for 10 percent of the total dry-season rice production. The dry-season crop accounts for about 30 percent of total rice production. Reservoir levels in the northern and northeastern regions were reported by Thailand’s Royal Irrigation Department at 48 percent lower than last year’s levels due to unusually low rainfall, most notably in the southern part of the northern region. Yield is estimated at 2.86 tons per hectare, down slightly from last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Nigeria Rice: Record Production Expected .

(Dec 11, 2018)

Nigeria’s 2018/19 milled rice production is estimated at a record 4.79 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (27 percent) from last month and up 0.1 mmt (3 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 3.6 million hectares (mha), up 0.4 mha (13 percent) from last month and unchanged from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.11 metric tons per hectare, up 13 percent from last month and up 11 percent from the 5-year average. Seasonal rainfall was average to above average during the 2018 growing season, with September floods in the north-central part of the country slightly reducing potential output. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rice: Estimated Production Revised Down 76 Percent from Last Year.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 rice crop at 153,000 metric tons on a rough basis (110,000 tons milled), down 0.3 mmt (73 percent) from last month, and down 340,000 tons (76 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 15,000 hectares, down 40,000 hectares from last month and down 45,000 hectares (75 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 10.20 tons per hectare. The sharp decrease in estimated area is attributed to very limited availability of affordable water for irrigation and reduced water allocations in southern New South Wales. Water storage is down due to several months of drought in the catchment region. Rice is predominately produced in southern New South Wales as an irrigated crop. The Murray River and the Murrumbidgee River each contribute nearly half of the water used for irrigation. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Estimated Production Revised Down.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 17.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt (3 percent) from last month, and down 4.3 mmt (20 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.0 million hectares (mha), down 0.8 mha from last month and down 2.25 mha (18 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.70 tons per hectare, 17 percent below the 5-year average. Persistent dryness and subsoil moisture deficits in major portions of Australia’s winter crop region contributed to an estimated 17-percent drop in yield from the 5-year average. Precipitation has been well below average since major sowing operations commenced in May. Satellite-derived seasonal vegetation indices from October reveal the sharp differences in crop conditions between Western Australia and New South Wales, the two largest wheat producing states. Winter crops are sown in May and June. Harvest begins in November and is finished by the end of December. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: Harvest Ends with Estimated Record Crop.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkey cotton production at 4.3 million 480-pound bales, down 0.2 million from last month, up 8 percent from last year’s record, and up 40 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 520,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, up 11 percent from last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,800 kilograms per hectare, down 4 percent from last month, down 3 percent from last year, but up 9 percent from the 5-year average. Planting began with ample soil moisture, and in some areas excessive rainfall necessitated replanting. Although weather was extremely favorable with exceptional growing conditions throughout the season, localized excessive rainfall and insect damage likely reduced yield in the Aegean and GAP (Southeastern Anatolia) regions. Harvest is complete. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Cotton: Record Production Forecast on Higher Area and Yield.

(Dec 11, 2018)

Brazil cotton production for 2018/19 is forecast at a record 11.0 million 480-lb bales, up 1 million bales (10 percent) from last month, and up 1.8 million bales (19 percent) from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.4 million hectares, up 8 percent from last month and up 19 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,711 kilograms per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and almost equal to last year’s record. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Australia Wheat: Production Estimate Lowered.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 17.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt (5 percent) from last month, and down 3.8 mmt (18 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.8 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 mha from last month and down 1.45 mha (12 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.62 tons per hectare (t/ha), down from 1.68 t/ha last month and 21 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Harvest to Shatter Previous Record .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 33.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.5 mmt from last month, up 9.4 mmt from last year and 2.6 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Yield is now estimated at 7.44 metric tons per hectare, 8 percent above last month and 37 percent above last year, surpassing the 2016/17 yield record by 13 percent. The high yield was attributed to ideal weather throughout the growing season. The harvested area projection is unchanged at 4.5 million hectares. The yield reported by the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food as of November 6, 2018 was 20 percent above the previous high for that date. Harvest is 79 percent complete and will continue through the rest of November. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Planting Proceeds Despite Showers .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 Argentina corn production at 42.5 million metric tons up almost 4 percent from last month and up 33 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.2 million hectares, up 4 percent from last month and the same as last year. (For additional information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

China Corn: Historical Database Revision Results in Significant Updates to 2018/19.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 corn production at 256 million metric tons, up 14 percent from last month, but down 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 6.17 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), slightly higher than last month, up approximately 1 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average of 5.96 t/ha. Area is estimated at 41.5 million hectares, 14 percent above last month’s estimate and down 2 percent from last year. The November revisions are based on census data from the 2018 statistical yearbook published by China’s National Bureau of Statistics in October. The historical revisions entailed significant changes to USDA’s November 2018/19 area and production estimates for China. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

EU Corn: Estimated Production Lowered Due to Area Reduction and Drought.

(Nov 08, 2018)

European Union (EU) corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 59.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.5 mmt (2 percent) from last month, down 2.6 mmt (4 percent) from last year, and down 8 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 8.1 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 million (2 percent) from last month, down 0.3 mha (4 percent) from last year, and down 12 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 7.39 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, down slightly from last year, but up 4 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Sunseed: Yields Improve as Harvest Advances Northward.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Russia sunseed production for 2018/19 at a record 11.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 1.1 mmt from last year. The estimated yield is increased to 1.53 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month, up 6 percent from last year, and slightly surpassing the previous record. The month-to-month increase is based on harvest data from the Ministry of Agriculture. Most of the country’s sunseed is produced in three regions – the Southern District, the Central District, and the Volga District – with each accounting for about 30 percent of total output. The reported yield in the Southern District has been low due to dryness and excessive heat during the growing season but yields in the Central and Volga Districts are likely to reach record or near-record levels. Harvest was about 85 percent complete by the end of October. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: Estimated Production Up 47 Percent from the 5-year Average.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkey cotton production at 4.5 million 480-pound bales, unchanged from last month, up 13 percent from last year’s record, and up 47 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 520,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, up 11 percent from last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,884 kilograms per hectare, unchanged from last month, up 2 percent from last year, and up 14 percent from the 5-year average. Planting began with ample soil moisture but in some areas excessive rainfall necessitated replanting. Weather was extremely favorable with exceptional growing conditions throughout the season. Isolated areas of heavy rainfall in the GAP (Southeastern Anatolia) region slowed harvest for a few days with reports of reduced quality. MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values indicate favorable yield prospects. Harvest is complete in the main cotton growing regions. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

African Franc Zone Cotton: Record Production Expected .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates the 2018/19 cotton production for the African Franc Zone at a record 5.73 million 480-pound bales, up 0.46 million bales (9 percent) from last month and up 0.24 million bales (4 percent) from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 3.03 million hectares, up 0.16 million hectares (6 percent) from last month, but slightly below last year’s record. The estimated yield is 412 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 6 percent from the 5-year average and down 11 percent from the record yield of 463 kg/ha in 1986/87. The African Franc Zone cotton region of western and central Africa includes the following ten countries in order of estimated 2018/19 production: Mali (1,400 thousand bales), Burkina Faso (1,400), Benin (1,275), Cote d’Ivoire (725), Cameroon (500), Togo (230), Chad (120), Senegal (40), Central African Republic (32) and Niger (9). (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rapeseed: Estimated Production Revised Down.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 rapeseed crop at 2.6 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.3 mmt (10 percent) from last month, and down 1.1 mmt (29 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 2.3 million hectares (mha), down 50,000 hectares from last month, and down 0.4 mha (15 percent) from last year. The yield estimate of 1.13 tons per hectare is nearly the lowest in the past ten years. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Soybeans: Planting Progress Slowed by Rains.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 Argentina soybean production at 55.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month and up 47 percent from the drought-plagued 2017 season. Harvested area is estimated at 18.5 million hectares, down nearly 3 percent from last month but up 14 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.00 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, up 29 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average. Soybean planting has just begun and is proceeding slowly due to recent rains and cool temperatures. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@fas.usda.gov.)

India Soybeans: Record Yields Boost Production.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India soybean production at 11.0 million metric tons, up nearly 32 percent from 2017/18. Area is estimated to reach 11.0 million hectares, up 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.0 ton per hectare, up 25 percent from both last year and the 5-year average. The high yield is attributed to favorable weather in the major soybean producing areas. (For more information please contact, Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

India Peanuts: Below-Average Monsoon Impacts Peanut Production.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India peanut production at 4.7 million metric tons, down 18 percent from last month and down 29 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease of over 1 million tons is due to reduced area and lower yields stemming from drought conditions in the main peanut producing area of Kutch in northwestern Gujarat. Area harvested is estimated at 4.7 million hectares, down 6 percent from last month. Yield is estimated to reach 1.0 metric ton per hectare, down 23 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Weak 2018 Southwest Monsoon Impacts Production.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India cotton production at 28.7 million 480-pound bales, down 1 percent from 2017. Area is estimated at 12.3 million hectares, up 3 percent from last month and down slightly from last year. The 3-percent increase in area is due mainly to favorable prices during planting. Yield is estimated to drop to 508 kilograms per hectare, down 3 percent from last month and down slightly from last year. The yield adjustment is due to the rainfall deficits in the major cotton producing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Forecast Decreased.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Australia cotton production at 2.5 million 480-pound bales, down 0.5 million bales from last month and down 2.2 million or 47 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.3 million hectares, down 20 percent from last month, and down 43 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,814 kilograms per hectare, up 4 percent from last month but 6 percent below the 5-year average. The overall yield increased from last month because of a forecast decrease in the share of the area sown to lower-yielding dryland cotton. Irrigated cotton yields are substantially higher than dryland yields and the difference widens in low-rainfall years. On average about 90 percent of Australia’s total cotton comes from irrigated areas. Dryland planting tends to vary with the seasonal weather forecast and prices at sowing. The notable factor this season is the decrease in irrigation water availability that was exacerbated by below normal precipitation during the month of September. Sorghum and cotton are the two dominant summer crops in eastern Australia. Cotton sowing commences in October and harvest begins in April. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Egypt Cotton: Area Increases after Reaching All-Time Low in 2016.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Egypt cotton production at 450,000 480-pound bales, up 30,000 bales (7 percent) from last month, and up 150,000 bales (50 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 135,000 hectares, 10,000 hectares (8 percent) above last month, and 44,000 hectares (48 percent) above last year. Yield is estimated at 726 kilograms per hectare, down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

China Corn: Production Estimated to Increase from Last Year.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 corn production at a record 225 million metric tons, unchanged from last month, up 4 percent from last year, and up 3 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 6.16 tons per hectare (t/ha) unchanged from last month, up 1 percent from last year’s record of 6.09 t/ha, and up 3 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 36.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Corn: Reported Yield in the Southern District is down 40 Percent from Last Yea.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Russia corn production for 2018/19 at 11.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 2.2 mmt from last year. The estimated harvested area is unchanged from last month at 2.45 million hectares. Yield is estimated at 4.49 tons per hectare, down 8 percent from both last month and last year and 9 percent below the 5-year average. The month-to-month decrease is based on harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture indicating a 40-percent year-to-year yield decrease in the Southern District, which accounts for 35 percent of the country’s total corn area. The low yields in southern Russia are attributed to severe heat during the growing season. High reported yields in the Central District, Russia’s other major corn region, will partially offset the unusually low production in the Southern District. The reported yield for the Central District, where harvest was 36 percent complete as of October 9, is up 23 percent from last year. The Russian corn harvest will continue through the end of November. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Egypt Corn: Record Production as Farmers Increase Plantings.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Egypt corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 6.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt (6 percent) from both last month and last year. Area harvested is estimated at 85,000 hectares, up 5,000 hectares (6 percent) from both last month and last year. Estimated yield is unchanged at 8.0 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Egypt Rice: Lowest Area since 2010.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Egypt rice production at 4.1 million metric tons (mmt), or 2.8 mmt on a milled basis, down 15 percent from last month and down 35 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 462,000 hectares, down 126,000 hectares (21 percent) from last month, and down 300,000 hectares from last year (39 percent). Yield is estimated at 8.78 metric tons per hectare, up 8 percent from last month and up 7 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Philippines Rice: Estimated Production Reduced Due to Typhoon Mangkhut.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Philippines 2018/19 rice production at 12.2 million metric tons (milled-basis), down 1 percent from both last month and last year. Area harvested is estimated at 4.8 million hectares, down slightly from both last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 4.01 tons per hectare, unchanged from both last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Madagascar Rice: Estimated Production Increases Due to Favorable Weather.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Madagascar’s 2018/19 milled rice production is estimated at 2.75 million metric tons (milledbasis), up 19 percent from last month, up 39 percent from last year, and up 18 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 1.5 million hectares, up 5 percent from both last year and the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 2.87 metric tons per hectare, up 32 percent from last year and up 13 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Forecast Production Revised Down.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 18.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.5 mmt (8 percent) from last month, and down 2.8 mmt (13 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 11.0 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 1.25 mha (10 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.68 tons per hectare, 18 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Ural District Yield is Lower than Expected.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 70.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 15.0 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 51.0 mmt of winter wheat and 19.0 mmt of spring wheat, and excludes estimated output from Crimea. Harvested area is estimated at 26.0 million hectares (mha) – 14.35 mha winter and 11.65 mha spring – against 27.3 mha last year. The month-to-month decrease is based chiefly on a sharp drop in the estimated output from the Ural District, where the reported yield is down 17 percent from last year despite generally favorable weather during the growing season and satellite-derived vegetation indices supporting forecasts of high potential yield. Total-wheat yield for Russia is estimated at 2.69 tons per hectare, down about 1 percent from last month, down 13 percent from last year, and 4 percent above the 5-year average. The wheat harvest is essentially complete except for the Ural and Siberian Districts, where the launch of the harvest campaign was delayed due to late spring planting. Dry weather since mid-September has facilitated rapid progress, and harvest as of October 8 had been completed on 82 percent of the sown area in Siberia and 90 percent in the Ural District. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Barley: Official Harvest Reports Cite Average Yield.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Russia barley production for 2018/19 is estimated at 16.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 3.7 mmt from last year’s record crop. The month-tomonth decrease is based mostly on a 4-percent decrease in the estimated harvested area, from 8.0 to 7.7 million hectares. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Sunflowerseed: Record Yield Estimate Due to Excellent Growing Conditions.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Turkey 2018/19 sunflowerseed production at 1.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.1 mmt from last month and up 0.3 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 750,000 hectares (ha) up 25,000 ha from last month and up 7 percent from last year. Precipitation and irrigation resources in the sunflower growing regions were above average for most of the planting window, followed by frequent and well-timed rains throughout development and maturation. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) has been above average for the entire sunflowerseed growing season. The estimated yield is at a record level of 2.40 tons per ha, unchanged from last month and up 8 percent from last year. Harvest started in August and usually continues through October. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Forecast Production Revised Down.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 20.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.0 mmt or 9 percent from last month, and down 1.3 mmt or 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is now expected to total 11.0 million hectares (mha), down 1.0 mha from last month, and down 1.25 mha or 10 percent from last year. Expected yield is estimated at 1.82 tons per hectare, essentially the same as last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Canada Wheat: Estimated Production Reduced on Lower-than-Expected Yield.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA estimates Canada 2018/19 wheat production at 31.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month but up 5 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.8 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.21 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

Kazakhstan Wheat: Estimated Production Increased by 0.5 Million Tons .

(Sep 12, 2018)

Kazakhstan wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 15.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 0.2 mmt from last year. The month-to-month increase is based on favorable conditions in most of the main spring wheat region throughout the growing season. The estimated harvested area decreased to 11.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.3 mha from last month and down 0.7 mha from last year based on final sown area data from the State Statistical Agency. Wheat area has been declining for the past ten years, while the area planted to oilseeds and feed grains has been increasing. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Harvest Reports Drive Increase in Estimated Production .

(Sep 12, 2018)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 71.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 3.0 mmt from last month but down 14.0 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 51.0 mmt of winter wheat and 20.0 mmt of spring wheat, and excludes estimated output from Crimea. Harvested area is estimated at 26.0 million hectares (14.35 mha winter and 11.65 mha spring), against 27.3 mha last year. The month-to-month increase is based on two factors: a 2-percent increase in the estimated harvested area for total wheat, and a 3-percent increase in the estimated winter wheat yield. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Mexico Soybeans: Yield Estimate Reduced Due to Extreme Dryness.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA estimates Mexico 2018/19 soybean production at 430,000 metric tons, down 12 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Extreme dryness in Mexico’s main soybean areas, southern Tamaulipas and eastern San Luis Potosi, resulted in significant sowing delays and farmers opting to switch to alternative crops, most notably sorghum. Area is estimated at 260,000 hectares, down 4 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.65 metric tons per hectare, down 9 percent from last month and unchanged from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

Canada Rapeseed: Production Estimate Remains Unchanged.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA estimates Canada 2018/19 rapeseed production at 21.1 million metric tons, unchanged from last month, but down 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month but down 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.32 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month but up 1 percent from last year. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

China Rice: 2018/19 Production Forecast to Decrease from Last Month.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts China’s 2018/19 rice production at 140.8 million metric tons (mmt), down approximately 1 percent (1.4 mmt) from last month, down 5.2 mmt from last year, and down almost 3 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 29.5 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 6.82 metric tons per hectare (rough basis), down 1 percent from last month, down over 1 percent from last year, and down slightly from the 5-year average. The forecast yield is significantly below the long-term trend. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov)

EU Corn: Estimated Yields in Southeast Europe Push Crop Higher.

(Sep 12, 2018)

European Union (EU) corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 60.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (2 percent) from last month, down 1.5 mmt (2 percent) from last year, and 6 percent below the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 8.3 million hectares, down slightly from last month, down 1 percent from last year, and 9 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 7.37 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month, down 1 percent from last year, and 4 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Corn: Record Yield Forecast Due to Excellent Growing Conditions.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Turkey’s 2018/19 corn crop at 5.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt from last month but down 0.5 mmt from last year. Harvested area forecast is unchanged from last month at 530,000 hectares, but down 12 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov)

Brazil Cotton: Forecast Production Up on Higher Yield.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecast Brazil 2018/9 cotton production at a record 10.0 million 480-lb bales, up 0.5 million bales (5 percent) from last month, and up 0.8 million bales (8 percent) from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 11 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,675 kilograms per hectare, up 5 percent from last month but down 2 percent from last year’s record. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Tanzania Cotton: Production Nearly Doubles from Previous Year.

(Sep 12, 2018)

Tanzania cotton production for 2018/19 is estimated at 425,000 480-lb bales, up 25,000 bales (6 percent) from last month, and up 195,000 bales (85 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 500,000 hectares, unchanged from last month but up 150,000 hectares (43 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 185 kilograms per hectare, up 6 percent from last month and up 29 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov)