Australia Wheat: Production Estimate Lowered.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 17.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt (5 percent) from last month, and down 3.8 mmt (18 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.8 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 mha from last month and down 1.45 mha (12 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.62 tons per hectare (t/ha), down from 1.68 t/ha last month and 21 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Harvest to Shatter Previous Record .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 33.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.5 mmt from last month, up 9.4 mmt from last year and 2.6 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Yield is now estimated at 7.44 metric tons per hectare, 8 percent above last month and 37 percent above last year, surpassing the 2016/17 yield record by 13 percent. The high yield was attributed to ideal weather throughout the growing season. The harvested area projection is unchanged at 4.5 million hectares. The yield reported by the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food as of November 6, 2018 was 20 percent above the previous high for that date. Harvest is 79 percent complete and will continue through the rest of November. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Planting Proceeds Despite Showers .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 Argentina corn production at 42.5 million metric tons up almost 4 percent from last month and up 33 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.2 million hectares, up 4 percent from last month and the same as last year. (For additional information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

China Corn: Historical Database Revision Results in Significant Updates to 2018/19.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 corn production at 256 million metric tons, up 14 percent from last month, but down 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 6.17 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), slightly higher than last month, up approximately 1 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average of 5.96 t/ha. Area is estimated at 41.5 million hectares, 14 percent above last month’s estimate and down 2 percent from last year. The November revisions are based on census data from the 2018 statistical yearbook published by China’s National Bureau of Statistics in October. The historical revisions entailed significant changes to USDA’s November 2018/19 area and production estimates for China. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

EU Corn: Estimated Production Lowered Due to Area Reduction and Drought.

(Nov 08, 2018)

European Union (EU) corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 59.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.5 mmt (2 percent) from last month, down 2.6 mmt (4 percent) from last year, and down 8 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 8.1 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 million (2 percent) from last month, down 0.3 mha (4 percent) from last year, and down 12 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 7.39 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, down slightly from last year, but up 4 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Sunseed: Yields Improve as Harvest Advances Northward.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Russia sunseed production for 2018/19 at a record 11.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 1.1 mmt from last year. The estimated yield is increased to 1.53 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month, up 6 percent from last year, and slightly surpassing the previous record. The month-to-month increase is based on harvest data from the Ministry of Agriculture. Most of the country’s sunseed is produced in three regions – the Southern District, the Central District, and the Volga District – with each accounting for about 30 percent of total output. The reported yield in the Southern District has been low due to dryness and excessive heat during the growing season but yields in the Central and Volga Districts are likely to reach record or near-record levels. Harvest was about 85 percent complete by the end of October. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: Estimated Production Up 47 Percent from the 5-year Average.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkey cotton production at 4.5 million 480-pound bales, unchanged from last month, up 13 percent from last year’s record, and up 47 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 520,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, up 11 percent from last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,884 kilograms per hectare, unchanged from last month, up 2 percent from last year, and up 14 percent from the 5-year average. Planting began with ample soil moisture but in some areas excessive rainfall necessitated replanting. Weather was extremely favorable with exceptional growing conditions throughout the season. Isolated areas of heavy rainfall in the GAP (Southeastern Anatolia) region slowed harvest for a few days with reports of reduced quality. MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values indicate favorable yield prospects. Harvest is complete in the main cotton growing regions. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

African Franc Zone Cotton: Record Production Expected .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates the 2018/19 cotton production for the African Franc Zone at a record 5.73 million 480-pound bales, up 0.46 million bales (9 percent) from last month and up 0.24 million bales (4 percent) from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 3.03 million hectares, up 0.16 million hectares (6 percent) from last month, but slightly below last year’s record. The estimated yield is 412 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 6 percent from the 5-year average and down 11 percent from the record yield of 463 kg/ha in 1986/87. The African Franc Zone cotton region of western and central Africa includes the following ten countries in order of estimated 2018/19 production: Mali (1,400 thousand bales), Burkina Faso (1,400), Benin (1,275), Cote d’Ivoire (725), Cameroon (500), Togo (230), Chad (120), Senegal (40), Central African Republic (32) and Niger (9). (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rapeseed: Estimated Production Revised Down.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 rapeseed crop at 2.6 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.3 mmt (10 percent) from last month, and down 1.1 mmt (29 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 2.3 million hectares (mha), down 50,000 hectares from last month, and down 0.4 mha (15 percent) from last year. The yield estimate of 1.13 tons per hectare is nearly the lowest in the past ten years. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Soybeans: Planting Progress Slowed by Rains.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 Argentina soybean production at 55.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month and up 47 percent from the drought-plagued 2017 season. Harvested area is estimated at 18.5 million hectares, down nearly 3 percent from last month but up 14 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.00 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, up 29 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average. Soybean planting has just begun and is proceeding slowly due to recent rains and cool temperatures. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@fas.usda.gov.)

India Soybeans: Record Yields Boost Production.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India soybean production at 11.0 million metric tons, up nearly 32 percent from 2017/18. Area is estimated to reach 11.0 million hectares, up 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.0 ton per hectare, up 25 percent from both last year and the 5-year average. The high yield is attributed to favorable weather in the major soybean producing areas. (For more information please contact, Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

India Peanuts: Below-Average Monsoon Impacts Peanut Production.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India peanut production at 4.7 million metric tons, down 18 percent from last month and down 29 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease of over 1 million tons is due to reduced area and lower yields stemming from drought conditions in the main peanut producing area of Kutch in northwestern Gujarat. Area harvested is estimated at 4.7 million hectares, down 6 percent from last month. Yield is estimated to reach 1.0 metric ton per hectare, down 23 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Weak 2018 Southwest Monsoon Impacts Production.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India cotton production at 28.7 million 480-pound bales, down 1 percent from 2017. Area is estimated at 12.3 million hectares, up 3 percent from last month and down slightly from last year. The 3-percent increase in area is due mainly to favorable prices during planting. Yield is estimated to drop to 508 kilograms per hectare, down 3 percent from last month and down slightly from last year. The yield adjustment is due to the rainfall deficits in the major cotton producing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Forecast Decreased.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Australia cotton production at 2.5 million 480-pound bales, down 0.5 million bales from last month and down 2.2 million or 47 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.3 million hectares, down 20 percent from last month, and down 43 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,814 kilograms per hectare, up 4 percent from last month but 6 percent below the 5-year average. The overall yield increased from last month because of a forecast decrease in the share of the area sown to lower-yielding dryland cotton. Irrigated cotton yields are substantially higher than dryland yields and the difference widens in low-rainfall years. On average about 90 percent of Australia’s total cotton comes from irrigated areas. Dryland planting tends to vary with the seasonal weather forecast and prices at sowing. The notable factor this season is the decrease in irrigation water availability that was exacerbated by below normal precipitation during the month of September. Sorghum and cotton are the two dominant summer crops in eastern Australia. Cotton sowing commences in October and harvest begins in April. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Egypt Cotton: Area Increases after Reaching All-Time Low in 2016.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Egypt cotton production at 450,000 480-pound bales, up 30,000 bales (7 percent) from last month, and up 150,000 bales (50 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 135,000 hectares, 10,000 hectares (8 percent) above last month, and 44,000 hectares (48 percent) above last year. Yield is estimated at 726 kilograms per hectare, down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

China Corn: Production Estimated to Increase from Last Year.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 corn production at a record 225 million metric tons, unchanged from last month, up 4 percent from last year, and up 3 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 6.16 tons per hectare (t/ha) unchanged from last month, up 1 percent from last year’s record of 6.09 t/ha, and up 3 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 36.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Corn: Reported Yield in the Southern District is down 40 Percent from Last Yea.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Russia corn production for 2018/19 at 11.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 2.2 mmt from last year. The estimated harvested area is unchanged from last month at 2.45 million hectares. Yield is estimated at 4.49 tons per hectare, down 8 percent from both last month and last year and 9 percent below the 5-year average. The month-to-month decrease is based on harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture indicating a 40-percent year-to-year yield decrease in the Southern District, which accounts for 35 percent of the country’s total corn area. The low yields in southern Russia are attributed to severe heat during the growing season. High reported yields in the Central District, Russia’s other major corn region, will partially offset the unusually low production in the Southern District. The reported yield for the Central District, where harvest was 36 percent complete as of October 9, is up 23 percent from last year. The Russian corn harvest will continue through the end of November. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Egypt Corn: Record Production as Farmers Increase Plantings.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Egypt corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 6.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt (6 percent) from both last month and last year. Area harvested is estimated at 85,000 hectares, up 5,000 hectares (6 percent) from both last month and last year. Estimated yield is unchanged at 8.0 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Egypt Rice: Lowest Area since 2010.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Egypt rice production at 4.1 million metric tons (mmt), or 2.8 mmt on a milled basis, down 15 percent from last month and down 35 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 462,000 hectares, down 126,000 hectares (21 percent) from last month, and down 300,000 hectares from last year (39 percent). Yield is estimated at 8.78 metric tons per hectare, up 8 percent from last month and up 7 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Philippines Rice: Estimated Production Reduced Due to Typhoon Mangkhut.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Philippines 2018/19 rice production at 12.2 million metric tons (milled-basis), down 1 percent from both last month and last year. Area harvested is estimated at 4.8 million hectares, down slightly from both last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 4.01 tons per hectare, unchanged from both last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Madagascar Rice: Estimated Production Increases Due to Favorable Weather.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Madagascar’s 2018/19 milled rice production is estimated at 2.75 million metric tons (milledbasis), up 19 percent from last month, up 39 percent from last year, and up 18 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 1.5 million hectares, up 5 percent from both last year and the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 2.87 metric tons per hectare, up 32 percent from last year and up 13 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Forecast Production Revised Down.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 18.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.5 mmt (8 percent) from last month, and down 2.8 mmt (13 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 11.0 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 1.25 mha (10 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.68 tons per hectare, 18 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Ural District Yield is Lower than Expected.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 70.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 15.0 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 51.0 mmt of winter wheat and 19.0 mmt of spring wheat, and excludes estimated output from Crimea. Harvested area is estimated at 26.0 million hectares (mha) – 14.35 mha winter and 11.65 mha spring – against 27.3 mha last year. The month-to-month decrease is based chiefly on a sharp drop in the estimated output from the Ural District, where the reported yield is down 17 percent from last year despite generally favorable weather during the growing season and satellite-derived vegetation indices supporting forecasts of high potential yield. Total-wheat yield for Russia is estimated at 2.69 tons per hectare, down about 1 percent from last month, down 13 percent from last year, and 4 percent above the 5-year average. The wheat harvest is essentially complete except for the Ural and Siberian Districts, where the launch of the harvest campaign was delayed due to late spring planting. Dry weather since mid-September has facilitated rapid progress, and harvest as of October 8 had been completed on 82 percent of the sown area in Siberia and 90 percent in the Ural District. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Barley: Official Harvest Reports Cite Average Yield.

(Oct 11, 2018)

Russia barley production for 2018/19 is estimated at 16.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 3.7 mmt from last year’s record crop. The month-tomonth decrease is based mostly on a 4-percent decrease in the estimated harvested area, from 8.0 to 7.7 million hectares. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Sunflowerseed: Record Yield Estimate Due to Excellent Growing Conditions.

(Oct 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Turkey 2018/19 sunflowerseed production at 1.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.1 mmt from last month and up 0.3 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 750,000 hectares (ha) up 25,000 ha from last month and up 7 percent from last year. Precipitation and irrigation resources in the sunflower growing regions were above average for most of the planting window, followed by frequent and well-timed rains throughout development and maturation. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) has been above average for the entire sunflowerseed growing season. The estimated yield is at a record level of 2.40 tons per ha, unchanged from last month and up 8 percent from last year. Harvest started in August and usually continues through October. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Forecast Production Revised Down.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 20.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.0 mmt or 9 percent from last month, and down 1.3 mmt or 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is now expected to total 11.0 million hectares (mha), down 1.0 mha from last month, and down 1.25 mha or 10 percent from last year. Expected yield is estimated at 1.82 tons per hectare, essentially the same as last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Canada Wheat: Estimated Production Reduced on Lower-than-Expected Yield.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA estimates Canada 2018/19 wheat production at 31.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month but up 5 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.8 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.21 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

Kazakhstan Wheat: Estimated Production Increased by 0.5 Million Tons .

(Sep 12, 2018)

Kazakhstan wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 15.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 0.2 mmt from last year. The month-to-month increase is based on favorable conditions in most of the main spring wheat region throughout the growing season. The estimated harvested area decreased to 11.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.3 mha from last month and down 0.7 mha from last year based on final sown area data from the State Statistical Agency. Wheat area has been declining for the past ten years, while the area planted to oilseeds and feed grains has been increasing. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Harvest Reports Drive Increase in Estimated Production .

(Sep 12, 2018)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 71.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 3.0 mmt from last month but down 14.0 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 51.0 mmt of winter wheat and 20.0 mmt of spring wheat, and excludes estimated output from Crimea. Harvested area is estimated at 26.0 million hectares (14.35 mha winter and 11.65 mha spring), against 27.3 mha last year. The month-to-month increase is based on two factors: a 2-percent increase in the estimated harvested area for total wheat, and a 3-percent increase in the estimated winter wheat yield. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Mexico Soybeans: Yield Estimate Reduced Due to Extreme Dryness.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA estimates Mexico 2018/19 soybean production at 430,000 metric tons, down 12 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Extreme dryness in Mexico’s main soybean areas, southern Tamaulipas and eastern San Luis Potosi, resulted in significant sowing delays and farmers opting to switch to alternative crops, most notably sorghum. Area is estimated at 260,000 hectares, down 4 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.65 metric tons per hectare, down 9 percent from last month and unchanged from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

Canada Rapeseed: Production Estimate Remains Unchanged.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA estimates Canada 2018/19 rapeseed production at 21.1 million metric tons, unchanged from last month, but down 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month but down 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.32 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month but up 1 percent from last year. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

China Rice: 2018/19 Production Forecast to Decrease from Last Month.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts China’s 2018/19 rice production at 140.8 million metric tons (mmt), down approximately 1 percent (1.4 mmt) from last month, down 5.2 mmt from last year, and down almost 3 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 29.5 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 6.82 metric tons per hectare (rough basis), down 1 percent from last month, down over 1 percent from last year, and down slightly from the 5-year average. The forecast yield is significantly below the long-term trend. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov)

EU Corn: Estimated Yields in Southeast Europe Push Crop Higher.

(Sep 12, 2018)

European Union (EU) corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 60.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (2 percent) from last month, down 1.5 mmt (2 percent) from last year, and 6 percent below the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 8.3 million hectares, down slightly from last month, down 1 percent from last year, and 9 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 7.37 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month, down 1 percent from last year, and 4 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Corn: Record Yield Forecast Due to Excellent Growing Conditions.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Turkey’s 2018/19 corn crop at 5.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt from last month but down 0.5 mmt from last year. Harvested area forecast is unchanged from last month at 530,000 hectares, but down 12 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov)

Brazil Cotton: Forecast Production Up on Higher Yield.

(Sep 12, 2018)

USDA forecast Brazil 2018/9 cotton production at a record 10.0 million 480-lb bales, up 0.5 million bales (5 percent) from last month, and up 0.8 million bales (8 percent) from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 11 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,675 kilograms per hectare, up 5 percent from last month but down 2 percent from last year’s record. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Tanzania Cotton: Production Nearly Doubles from Previous Year.

(Sep 12, 2018)

Tanzania cotton production for 2018/19 is estimated at 425,000 480-lb bales, up 25,000 bales (6 percent) from last month, and up 195,000 bales (85 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 500,000 hectares, unchanged from last month but up 150,000 hectares (43 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 185 kilograms per hectare, up 6 percent from last month and up 29 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov)

European Union Wheat: Drought Cuts Estimated Production by 7.5 Million Tons.

(Aug 10, 2018)

European Union wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 137.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 7.5 mmt or 5 percent from last month, down 14.2 mmt or 9 percent from last year, and down 9 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 25.6 million hectares (mha), nearly unchanged from last month, but down 0.7 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.36 tons per hectare, down 5 percent from last month, down 7 percent from last year, and down 6 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Drought Recovery Causes Yield Rebound.

(Aug 10, 2018)

USDA estimates Russia’s 2018/19 wheat production at 68.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt from last month but down 17.0 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 48.5 mmt of winter wheat and 19.5 mmt of spring wheat, and excludes estimated output from Crimea. Harvested area is estimated at 25.5 million hectares (14.0 mha winter and 11.5 mha spring), unchanged from last month and down 1.8 mha from last year. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.67 metric tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and down 14 percent from last year’s record. The month-to-month increase in yield is driven by the improvement in crop conditions as seen in the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), which highlights improved conditions in eastern growing regions (Siberia and Urals). Winter wheat harvest is underway and is ahead of last year’s pace at about 70 percent complete. Russia’s spring wheat harvest usually begins in late August and continues through October. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Kazakhstan Wheat: Favorable Conditions Boost the Production Forecast.

(Aug 10, 2018)

Kazakhstan wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 14.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month but down 0.3 mmt from last year. The month-to-month increase is based on continued favorable conditions for spring crops in most areas of north-central Kazakhstan, which is the main production zone for wheat. Yield is forecast at 1.26 metric tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month, up 1 percent from last year, and 9 percent above the 5-year average. Spring wheat accounts for about 95 percent of the country’s wheat output, and 85 percent of the spring wheat is grown in three territories in north-central Kazakhstan: Akmola, Kostanai, and North Kazakhstan. The harvest of spring wheat will begin in September. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Iraq Rice: Euphrates River Low Flow Mandates Restricted Rice Planting.

(Aug 10, 2018)

Rough rice production for 2018/19 is forecast at 65,000 metric tons (mt), down 115,000 mt from last month, and down 250,000 mt from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 20,000 hectares (ha), down 35,000 ha from last month and down 65,000 ha from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.25 tons per hectare, down slightly from last month and down 12 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov)

EU Corn: Dryness in Northern Europe Cuts Production Despite Excellent Prospects in the Balkans.

(Aug 10, 2018)

European Union corn production for 2018/19 is forecast at 59.8 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.7 mmt or 3 percent from last month, down 2.5 mmt or 4 percent from last year, and down 8 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 8.3 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mmt from last month and last year, but down 9 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is forecast at 7.22 tons per hectare, down 2 percent from last month, down 3 percent from last year, but up 1 percent from the 5-year average. Corn yields are slightly higher than average due to the increased importance of production in the Balkans. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Record Yield Forecast.

(Aug 10, 2018)

USDA forecasts Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 31.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt from last month, up 6.9 mmt from last year, and 0.1 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Yield is forecast at 6.89 metric tons per hectare, 6 percent above last month, 27 percent above last year, and surpassing the 2016/17 record by 5 percent. The estimated harvest area was reduced slightly to 4.5 million hectares, based on final sown area data released by the State Statistical Service of Ukraine. This year’s crop has benefited from outstanding weather in central Ukraine, the main corn production region. Harvest will begin in September. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Zambia Corn: Drought Reduces Estimated Output by 34 Percent from Last Year.

(Aug 10, 2018)

Zambia’s 2018/19 corn production is estimated at 2.39 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.3 mmt or 34 percent from last year’s record crop, and down 20 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 1.39 million hectares (mha), down 3 percent from last year, but up 23 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1.72 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), down 32 percent from last year’s yield and down 36 percent from the 5-year average yield. Zambia corn is planted from mid-October through mid-December and harvested from late April through August. (For more information, contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Estimated Production Down for Third Consecutive Month.

(Aug 10, 2018)

European Union (EU) rapeseed production for 2018/19 is estimated at 19.2 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt or 5 percent from last month and down 13 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 6.8 million hectares (mha), up almost 0.1 mha from last month and similar to last year. Yield is estimated at 2.81 tons per hectare, down 6 percent from last month, down 13 percent from last year and down 15 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

EU Sunseed: Production Forecast Up on Favorable Rainfall in the Balkans.

(Aug 10, 2018)

European Union (EU) sunseed production for 2018/19 is forecast at 9.7 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.6 mmt or 7 percent from last month and nearly unchanged from last year. Area is estimated at 4.3 million hectares (mha), up almost 0.1 mha from last month and similar to last year. Yield is estimated at 2.24 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month, similar to last year, and 9 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Sunseed: Exceptional Weather Conditions Boost Crop Forecast to Record Yield.

(Aug 10, 2018)

Turkey sunseed production for 2018/19 is forecast at 1.7 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.2 mmt from last month and up 0.2 mmt from last year’s crop. Harvested area is forecast at 725,000 hectares (ha), against 700,000 ha last year. The month-to-month production change is based on an increase in forecast sunseed yield because of abundant and timely precipitation complemented by moderate temperatures across the sunseed growing region. Total sunseed yield is forecast at a record 2.40 tons per hectare, up 10 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. Satellite data indicates above-average sunseed plant biomass as measured by vegetation indices, providing additional confirmation that the growing conditions have been very favorable. Sunseed harvest usually begins in late August and continues through October. Area, yield, and production estimates for Turkey sunseed are available on PSD Online. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov)

Uzbekistan Cotton: Hot, Dry Weather Reduces Forecast Cotton Yield.

(Aug 10, 2018)

Uzbekistan cotton production for 2018/19 is forecast at 3.30 million 480-lb bales, down 0.5 million bales from last month, and down 0.7 million bales from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month and down 4 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 599 kilograms per hectare down 12 percent from last month and down 13 percent from last year, and down 11 percent from the 5-year average. Extremely hot and dry weather from mid-July until early August has been detrimental to the crop. Temperatures as high as 41 degrees Celsius occurred at peak flowering, breaking records across Uzbekistan and negatively impacting yield. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov)

European Union Wheat: Dryness in Northern Countries Cuts Estimated Production by 4.4.

(Jul 12, 2018)

European Union wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 145.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 4.4 mmt or 3 percent from last month, down 6.6 mmt from last year and down 4 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated down 0.2 million metric hectares (mha) from last month and 0.6 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.65 tons per hectare, down 2 percent from last month, down 2 percent from last year and down 1 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Wheat: Hot, Dry Weather in the Steppe Zone Reduces Estimated Yield.

(Jul 12, 2018)

Ukraine wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated by USDA at 25.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 1.5 mmt from last year. The USDA production forecast includes estimated output from Crimea. Yield is estimated at 3.81 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month, down 6 percent from last year, and 2 percent below the 5-year average. The month-tomonth reduction is based on severe drought in the steppe zone (southern Ukraine), which accounts for about half of Ukraine’s wheat output. Harvested area is estimated at 6.7 million hectares, up slightly from last year. The wheat harvest began earlier than usual this year because of the hot and dry weather, which accelerated crop development. The Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food reported harvest was complete on 34 percent of the planted area as of July 10 compared to about 12 percent by the same date last year. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Forecast Production Revised Down.

(Jul 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 22.0 million metric tons, down 2.0 million or 8 percent from last month, but up 0.7 million or 3 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 12.0 million hectares, down 0.2 million or 2 percent from last month, and down 0.25 million or 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.83 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Punishing Drought Reduces Estimated Yield Prospects for Winter Wheat.

(Jul 12, 2018)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 67.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.5 mmt from last month and down 18.0 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 48.5 mmt of winter wheat and 18.5 mmt of spring wheat, and excludes estimated output from Crimea. Harvested area is estimated at 25.5 million hectares (14.0 mha winter and 11.5 mha spring), against 27.3 mha last year. The month-to-month production change is based on a decrease in estimated winter wheat yield, which has been reduced for the second consecutive month because of persistent drought in the Southern, North Caucasus, and Volga Districts. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.63 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 15 percent from last year’s record. The harvest of winter wheat is underway in southern Russia and will conclude in the Volga District in mid-August. Meanwhile, in eastern production regions, spring wheat in the Siberian and Ural Districts has benefited from abundant rain, but the wet weather significantly delayed planting progress and reduced area planted. Russia’s spring wheat harvest usually begins in late August and continues through October. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Sunseed: Severe Drought in the Main Production Zone.

(Jul 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Ukraine 2018/19 sunseed production at 13.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.0 mmt from last month and down 0.2 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 6.5 million hectares (mha), up 0.1 mha from last year. Although recent weather has been favorable for corn and soybeans in central and western Ukraine, persistent dryness has prevailed in the southern and eastern regions, which is the major production zone for sunseed. As a result, the forecast yield for sunflowerseed is decreased to 2.08 metric tons per hectare, down 13 percent from last month and down 3 percent from last year. Harvest will begin in early September and continue through mid-November. All USDA production numbers for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Record Forecast Production Due to 7 percent Increase in Area.

(Jul 12, 2018)

Brazil’s soybean production for 2018/19 is forecast at a record 120.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.5 mmt or 2 percent from last month and up 1 percent from the previous year. Harvested area is forecast at a record 37.5 million hectares (mha), up 1.0 mha or 3 percent from last month and up 7 percent from last year. Soybean area is forecast to continue expanding as it has for the past 10 years, with 2018/19 forecast to have the highest annual increase in 5 years. It is anticipated that Brazilian producers will plant more soybeans to capitalize on the trade advantage over the United States in response to China’s imposition of retaliatory duties. Yield is forecast at 3.21 metric tons per hectare, near the 25-year trend but 6 percent below last year’s record. Last year’s crop benefited from favorable weather and improved technology that raised yields to record levels almost everywhere, except in the south. Planting begins in September in the primary growing areas of the Center-West and South regions and continues through December in the rest of the country. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Canada Soybeans: Estimated 2018/19 Area Drops after Last Year’s Record.

(Jul 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Canada soybean production for 2018/19 at 7.3 million metric tons, down 6 percent from last month and down 9 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.86 metric tons per hectare, essentially unchanged from last month and up about 4 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.55 million hectares, down 7 percent from last month and down 12 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Estimated Production Down for Second Straight Month.

(Jul 12, 2018)

European Union rapeseed production for 2018/19 is estimated at 20.2 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.6 mmt or 7 percent from last month and down 9 percent from last year. Estimated area is down slightly at 6.8 million hectares, similar to both last year and the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 2.99 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month, down 8 percent from last year and down 10 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Sunseed: Drought Reduces Yield Prospects but Area Still Stands at a Record Lev.

(Jul 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Russia sunseed production for 2018/19 at 10.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month but up 0.1 mmt from last year. Severe drought in southern Russia and the Volga Valley reduced the yield prospects for several of Russia’s major crops, including sunflowers. The forecast yield for sunseed has been reduced from last month’s record 1.53 tons per hectare (t/ha) to a slightlybelow- average 1.40 t/ha. The estimated harvested area is unchanged at a record 7.5 million hectares. Sunflower area in Russia has expanded by 30 percent over the last ten years. Most of the increase has occurred in the Volga District, where planted area has doubled; the district now accounts for 45 percent of the country’s total sunflower area. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Cotton: Forecast Production Up on Higher Area.

(Jul 12, 2018)

Cotton production for 2018/19 is forecast at a record 9.50 million 480-lb bales, up 0.5 million bales or 6 percent from last month, and up 0.3 million bales or 3 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.3 million hectares, up 7 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1,591 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), down 1 percent from last month and down 5 percent from last year’s record. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Brazil Corn: Estimated Output for 2017/18 Further Reduced.

(Jul 12, 2018)

Corn production for 2017/18 is estimated at 83.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.5 mmt from last month, and down 15.0 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 16.8 million hectares (mha), down slightly from last month and down 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 4.97 metric tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and down 11 percent from last year due to adverse weather in southern second-crop corn production areas. In Paraná (18 percent of Brazil’s second-crop corn production) and Mato Grosso do Sul (14 percent), prolonged periods of dryness during critical reproductive stages severely reduced yields. Subsequent rains brought some relief but were too late to reverse damage to much of the drought-affected crop. In Mato Grosso (42 percent) and Goiás (12 percent), the crop benefited from more favorable weather, although yields remain below last year’s records. About 10 percent of the corn crop had been harvested by early July. Harvest of the majority of second-crop corn will continue through September. (For more information, contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Russia Corn: Drought in Southern Russia Drives 20-Percent Drop in Forecast Production.

(Jul 12, 2018)

USDA forecasts Russia corn production for 2018/19 at 12.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 3.0 mmt from last month and down 1.2 mmt from last year. The month-to-month drop is based on a 9-percent decrease in the estimated harvested area to 2.45 million hectares, and a 12-percent decrease in the forecast yield to 4.90 tons per hectare. Corn in the Southern District and the North Caucasus District, which together account for about 60 percent of the country’s corn output, encountered severe heat as the crop was advancing through the reproductive stage, when corn is especially vulnerable to damage from high temperatures. Moreover, vegetative vigor has suffered due to persistent dryness, as denoted by MODIS NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) from early July. Weather has been more favorable in the Central District, Russia’s other major corn producing region. Harvest will begin in the south in September and advance northward through the end of November. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)