Brazil Soybeans: Brazil Expected to be World’s Leading Soybean Producer Despite Planting Delays Caused by Drought .

(Jan 10, 2020)

Brazil’s 2019/20 soybean production is estimated at a record 123 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month and up 6 million tons or 5 percent from last year. Area is estimated at a record 36.9 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 1 million hectares or 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.33 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but up 2 percent from last year and up 4 percent from the 5-year average. If weather cooperates this growing season, Brazil is expected to overtake the United States as the world’s leading soybean producer. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Russia Sunflowerseed: Yield Shatters Previous Record .

(Jan 10, 2020)

Russia sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is estimated at 15.3 million metric tons (mmt), up 6 percent from last month and 20 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 8.4 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month and 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.82 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month and 14 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in yield is due to preliminary data from the Russian statistical agency, Rosstat. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Malaysia Palm Oil: Estimated Production Reduced Due to Below Average 2019 Rainfall .

(Jan 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Malaysia 2019/20 palm oil production at 20.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 2 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.35 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.83 million tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month and down 2 percent from last year. (For additional information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov).

Argentina Sunflowerseed: Area Decreased due to Early Dryness.

(Jan 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Argentina sunflower production for 2019/20 at 3.2 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month and down 16 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 1.6 million hectares, down 3 percent from last month and down 15 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.00 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but down 2 percent from last year. Planting was slow at the start of the season due to dry conditions. Dry fields in parts of the provinces of Buenos Aires, Cordoba, and in the western sunflower regions slowed or stopped planting progress before rains finally came at the end of December. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: Record Area and Production.

(Jan 10, 2020)

Brazil’s 2019/20 corn production is estimated at a record 101 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month and last year. Area is estimated at a record 18.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 0.6 million hectares or 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.58 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, down 3 percent from last year and up 8 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov).

Bangladesh Corn: Record Production.

(Jan 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Bangladesh 2019/20 corn production at 4.0 million metric tons, up 14 percent from 2018 because of farmers switching to higher-yielding corn seed varieties and favorable weather. Yield is expected to reach record levels at 8.00 tons per hectare, up nearly 3 percent from 2018. Although the Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) is present in Bangladesh, the government of Bangladesh is taking steps in monitoring and managing any infestation. The area is estimated at 500,000 hectares, up 11 percent from 2018. Farmers are expanding corn acreage to meet the growing demand in the feed and aquaculture industry. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Russia Corn: Preliminary Rosstat Data Indicates Higher Area.

(Jan 10, 2020)

Russia corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at 14.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 4 percent from last month and 27 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 2.55 million hectares, up 4 percent from last month and 8 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.69 tons per hectare, up less than 1 percent from last month and 18 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in area is based on preliminary data from the Russian statistical agency, Rosstat. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Forecast Down 69 Percent from Last Year.

(Jan 10, 2020)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Australia cotton production at 0.675 million 480-pound bales, down 175,000 bales (21 percent) from last month and 1.53 million (69 percent) from last year. Harvested area, essentially all irrigated, is estimated at 60,000 hectares, down 25 percent from last month, and 84 percent from last year. Below normal precipitation during the past six months and a lack of soil moisture for dryland sowing operations resulted in the 84 percent decrease in cotton area. Additionally, irrigation water availability has been severely depleted. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Mali Cotton: Record Area but Delayed Rains Lowered Planting Intentions.

(Jan 10, 2020)

Mali’s cotton production for 2019/20 is estimated at 1.35 million 480-pound bales, down 0.14 million bales or 9 percent from last month but up 0.08 million bales or 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 735,000 thousand hectares, down 40,000 hectares or 5 percent from last month but up 10,000 hectares or 1 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 400 kilograms per hectare, up 5 percent from last year but 2 percent below the 5-year average. Mali’s cotton is sown from May to July and harvest is from late October to December. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Revised Lower.

(Jan 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Australia 2019/20 wheat production at 15.6 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt (3 percent) from last month, and down 1.7 mmt (10 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month, and less than 1 percent below last year. Yield is forecast at 1.54 tons per hectare, 24 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Harvest is Complete.

(Jan 10, 2020)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 73.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1 percent from last month and 3 percent from last year. The estimate includes 54.5 mmt of winter wheat and 19.0 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.70 tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Estimated Production Decreases Due to Area Reductions in Dry-Season Rice.

(Jan 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Thailand 2019/20 rice production at 18.5 million metric tons milled basis, down 10 percent from last month and down 9 percent last year. Area harvested is estimated at 10.0 million hectares, down 8 percent from both last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 2.80 million tons per hectare, down 2 percent from both last month and last year. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov)

Papua New Guinea: Palm Oil Production Reduced After Volcanic Eruption.

(Dec 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Papua New Guinea 2019/20 palm oil production at 510,000 metric tons (mt), down 120,000 (19 percent) from last month, and down 138,000 mt (21 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 150,000 hectares (ha), down 25,000 ha (14 percent) from last month, and similarly down from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.40 tons per hectare, 8 percent below last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Russia Sunflowerseed: Record Yield.

(Dec 10, 2019)

Russia sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is estimated at 14.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 12 percent from last month and 14 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 8.5 million hectares, up 6 percent from last month and 7 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.71 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month and 7 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in yield is due to recent harvest reports of bunker yield from the Ministry of Agriculture. The average net to bunker ratio is about 95 percent. High profitability for sunflowers has caused a steady rise in area since the turn of the century. Investment in hybrid seed varieties have led to increasing yields since 2010. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Ukraine Sunflowerseed: Harvest Almost Complete with a Record Yield.

(Dec 10, 2019)

Ukraine sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is estimated at 15.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 7 percent from last month and 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.50 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month and 8 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in yield is confirmed by recent harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture and the State Statistical Service. Season long favorable weather in the Steppe zone boosted yields to a record. Total area is estimated at 6.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month and down 5 percent from last year. Sunflowers are one of the most profitable crops and sunflower area in Ukraine is known to be underreported by farmers to the State Statistical Service. USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

India Peanuts: Yields at Near-Record Levels.

(Dec 10, 2019)

USDA estimates production will reach 6.2 million metric tons, up 31 percent from 2018. This 31 percent increase in production is due to ideal weather conditions in the main peanut producing area of Kutch, Gujarat. Harvested area is estimated to reach 4.7 million hectares, down nearly 6 percent from last year, but up 4 percent from last month. The 4 percent area increase is due to slightly higher planting in Gujarat and higher rabi estimates. Yield is estimated to reach 1.32 metric tons per hectare up 39 percent from last year’s low. (For more information please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Revised Lower.

(Dec 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Australia 2019/20 wheat production at 16.1 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.1 mmt (6 percent) from last month, and down 1.2 mmt (7 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.1 million hectares (mha), down 0.5 mha (5 percent) from last month, but only 0.6 percent below last year. Yield is forecast at 1.59 tons per hectare, 21 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Harvest is Essentially Complete.

(Dec 10, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 74.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 1 percent from last month and 4 percent from last year. The estimate includes 55.5 mmt of winter wheat and 19.0 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.74 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and last year. Winter wheat accounts for about half of total wheat area and 70 percent of production. Harvest is complete and the month-to-month increase for winter wheat yield is based on harvest yield data from the Ministry of Agriculture and lower-than-expected winterkill rates over the previous winter. Spring wheat yields are unchanged from last month. Total wheat area (winter and spring) is estimated at 27.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Argentina Wheat: Slow Harvest between Spring Showers.

(Dec 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Argentina wheat production for 2019/20 at 19.0 million metric tons, down 5 percent from last month and down 3 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 6.4 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.98 tons per hectare, down 6 percent from last month and 7 percent from last year. Yields are lower in central Buenos Aires province due to dryness at grainfill. Western wheat areas also have yields which are down from the early, higher yields in northern Argentina. Much of the crop relied on subsoil moisture during flowering and grainfill. Harvest is underway. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Pakistan Cotton: Production Revised Down on Lower Arrival Data.

(Dec 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Pakistan cotton production at 6.2 million 480-pound bales, down 0.8 million bales (11 percent) from last month, and down 1.4 million bales (18 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 0.2 million hectares (9 percent) from last year. The yield is estimated at 540 kilograms per hectare, down 12 percent from last month and down 25 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Forecast Down 61 Percent from Last Year.

(Dec 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Australia cotton production at 0.85 million 480-pound bales, down 350,000 bales (29 percent) from last month and 1.35 million (61 percent) from last year. Harvested area, mainly irrigated, is estimated at 80,000 hectares, down 53 percent from last month, and 79 percent from last year. Below-normal precipitation during the past six months and a current lack of soil moisture for dryland sowing operations resulted in the 53 percent decrease in cotton area. Additionally, irrigation water availability has been severely depleted. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Mexico Corn: Lowest Planted Area on Record.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Mexico 2019/20 corn production at 25.0 million metric tons, down 7 percent from last month and down 9 percent from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 6.8 million hectares, down 7 percent from last month and down 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.68 metric tons per hectare, down slightly from last month, but down 4 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov).

Ethiopia Corn: Record Production Expected.

(Nov 08, 2019)

Ethiopia corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at a record 8.4 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt from last month and up 0.05 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 2.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 3.65 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 5 percent from last month and nearly equal to the 5-year-average yield. Ethiopia and South Africa are the only countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with average corn yields above 3 t/ha.ne percent of the total area. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov)

Indonesia Rice: Delayed Monsoon Reduces Rice Area Forecast.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA forecasts Indonesia 2019/20 rice production at 36.5 million metric tons (milled basis), down 2 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 12.0 million hectares, down 2 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Yield (rough basis) is forecast at 4.79 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), down slightly from last month, but marginally up from last year’s estimate of 4.78 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov).

Russia Wheat: Harvest Nears Completion with Yield Similar to Last Year.

(Nov 08, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 74.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 2 percent from last month and up 3 percent from last year. The estimate includes 55.0 mmt of winter wheat and 19.0 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.72 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and matching last year’s yield. Total area is estimated at 27.2 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Argentina Wheat: Subsoil Moisture Mitigates Crop Damage.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Argentine wheat production for 2019/20 at 20.0 million metric tons, down 2 percent from last month but, up 3 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 6.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.17 tons per hectare, down 2 percent from last month and down almost 2 percent from last year. Some early yields in the northern region of Argentina have come in better than expected, despite a long period of very low rainfall during July through September throughout the country this season. Favorable soil profile moisture during emergence and establishment supplemented crop needs into booting and through grain-fill. During flowering and grain-fill the crop primarily relied on subsoil moisture. Rains in October helped boost final seed development toward harvest. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Revised Down after Dry October.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2019/20 wheat production at 17.2 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.8 mmt (4 percent) from last month, and down 0.1 mmt (1 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.6 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha (1 percent) from last month, but up 0.4 mha (4 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.62 tons per hectare, 20 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Malaysia Palm Oil: 2018/19 Estimated Production Benefits from Favorable Weather.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Malaysia 2018/19 palm oil production at 20.8 million metric tons (mmt), down 1 percent from last month, but up 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 100,000 hectares from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.92 metric tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month, but up 4 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov).

Canada Soybeans: Delayed Harvest from Early Snowfall and Concerns over Pod Shattering.

(Nov 08, 2019)

Canada soybean production for 2019/20 is estimated at 6.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt from last month and down 1.3 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.3 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 0.2 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.61 tons per hectare, down 8 percent from last month, and down 9 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

India Soybeans: Above-Average Rainfall Negatively Impacts Yields.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA estimates India 2019/20 soybean production at 9.0 million metric tons, down 18 percent from last month and last year. Area is estimated at 11.3 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month but down slightly from last year. Yield is estimated at 0.80 metric tons per hectare, down 20 percent from last month, and down 17 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Pakistan Cotton: Production Revised Down on Lower Arrival Data.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Pakistan’s cotton production at 7.0 million 480-pound bales, down 0.6 million bales from last month, and down 0.6 million bales from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 0.2 million hectares from last year. The yield is estimated at 610 kilograms per hectare, down 8 percent from last month and down 15 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Turkmenistan Cotton: Yield Estimate Lowered due to Extreme Heat.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Turkmenistan 2019/20 cotton production at 1.0 million 480-pound bales, down 0.2 million bales from last month but up 0.1 million bales from last year. Area is estimated at 545,000 hectares, unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 399 kilograms per hectare, down 13 percent from last month. Extremely hot and dry weather from mid-July until early-August was detrimental to the crop. Extended temperatures as high as 42 degrees Celsius occurred at peak flowering, breaking records across Turkmenistan and negatively impacting yields. Cotton harvest began in September and is essentially complete. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Heavy Rains Negatively Impact Yields.

(Nov 08, 2019)

USDA estimates India cotton production for 2019/20 at 30.0 million 480-pound bales, down nearly 2 percent from last month, but up 13 percent from the previous year. The year-to-year production increase is due to record area in the major cotton regions of Gujarat and Maharashtra, however, the month-to-month decrease is due to recent heavy rains. Harvested area is estimated at 13.0 million hectares, up slightly from the previous month and up 3 percent from 2018/19. Yield is estimated at 502 kilograms per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, but up nearly 10 percent from last year. (For more information please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Canada Rapeseed: Late September Snow Delays Harvest.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Canada rapeseed production for 2019/20 at 19.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.6 mmt from last month and down 0.8 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 8.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 0.7 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.32 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, but up 4 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease in yield is attributed to an early winter snow storm that occurred in late September, which dropped several inches of snow on the Canadian Prairies. In addition to the snow, an early season-ending freeze occurred in the main rapeseed growing regions of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, which produce 24, 50, and 15 percent, respectively. Canadian sources expressed concern about both lodging and pod shattering in the high moisture seeds. Harvest began in September. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Mexico Soybeans: Severe Drought Reduces Estimated Production by Nearly Half.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Mexico 2019/20 production at 220,000 metric tons, down 45 percent from last month and down 34 percent from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 140,000 hectares, down 41 percent from last month and down 27 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.57 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and 10 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

Ukraine Sunflowerseed: Late Season Dryness Lowers Yield.

(Oct 10, 2019)

Ukraine sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is estimated at 14.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 6 percent from last month and down 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.34 tons per hectare, down 6 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease in yield is due to late season dryness for sunflowers in eastern and central Ukraine even though weather remained favorably cool. Recent harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture confirm the decreased yield. Total area is estimated at 6.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month and down 5 percent from last year. USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Forecast Down 45 Percent From Last Year.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Australia cotton production at 1.2 million 480-pound bales, down 200,000 bales (14 percent) from last month and down 1.0 million (45 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 170,000 hectares, down 15 percent from last month, and down 55 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,537 kilograms per hectare, 16 percent below the 5- year average. The 55 percent decrease in cotton area from last year is due to the decrease in irrigation water availability that was exacerbated by below normal precipitation during the past six months. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Record Area Harvested.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates India cotton production for 2019/20 at 30.5 million 480-pound bales, up 3 percent from last month and up 15 percent from the previous year. The increase is based on improved weather conditions and record planted area in the major cotton regions of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Harvested area is estimated at 12.9 million hectares, up nearly 2 percent from the previous month and up 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 515 kilograms per hectare, up 12 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Forecast Revised Down.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2019/20 wheat production at 18.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt (5 percent) from last month, but up 0.7 mmt (4 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.7 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but up 0.5 mha (5 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.68 tons per hectare, 17 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Turkmenistan Wheat: Crop Rebounds 114 Percent from Last Year’s Low Output.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates 2019/20 Turkmenistan wheat production at 1.5 million metric tons, up 700,000 tons (88 percent) from last month, and up 114 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 900,000 hectares (ha), up 17 percent from both last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 1.70 tons per hectare, up 60 percent from last month and 83 percent from last year. Timely and well-distributed precipitation contributed to favorable growing conditions all season. In addition, spring irrigation sources improved from the accumulation of normal snow pack levels that feed the Amu Darya River system. The winter wheat crop is more than double last year’s crop which suffered from diminished irrigation and precipitation. Harvest of the wheat crop finished in August. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@usda.gov.)

Russia Corn: Estimated Production Increases Based on Higher-Than-Expected Yield.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Russia corn production for 2019/20 at 13.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 4 percent from last month and up 18 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.51 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month and up 15 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 2.45 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 3 percent from last year. The estimated yield is increased by 4 percent based on harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture. Preliminary corn yields from the Ministry of Agriculture are typically higher than the final reported yield from the statistical agency Rosstat. Data from the Ministry of Agriculture indicate that harvest is about 34 percent complete as of early October. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

China Corn: Production Down from Last Year Due to Declining Planted Area.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates China’s 2019/20 corn production at 254 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.3 percent from last year, and approximately 5 mmt below the 5-year average. The year-to-year decline in production is attributed to a significant decrease in planted area. Area is estimated at 41 million hectares (mha), down 2.7 percent or 1.1 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 6.20 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average of 5.98 t/ha. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@usda.gov.)

Egypt Rice: Large Area Revision Bolsters Production as Farmers Risk Penalties.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Egypt production for 2019/20 at 4.3 million metric tons (mmt) milled, or 6.2 mmt on a rough basis, up 41 percent from last month, and 54 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 760,000 hectares, up 260,000 hectares or 52 percent from last month, and up 298,000 hectares from last year, or 65 percent. Yield is estimated at 8.2 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@usda.gov.)

India Rice: Yields Up Slightly from Last Year .

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts India rice production for 2019/20 at 114.0 million metric tons (milled basis), up nearly 2 percent from last month, but down 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 43.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.98 tons per hectare, up nearly 2 percent from last month and 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Forecast Revised Down Due to Drought in Eastern Australia.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2019/20 wheat production at 19.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.0 mmt (10 percent) from last month, but up 1.7 mmt (10 percent) from last year. Harvested area is now expected to total 10.7 million hectares (mha), down 0.3 mha from last month, but up 0.5 mha (5 percent) from last year. Expected yield is estimated at 1.78 tons per hectare or 4 percent above last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Wheat: Harvest Results Nudge Crop up 1.0 Million Tons.

(Sep 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) 2019/20 wheat production is estimated at 151.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (less than 1 percent) from last month, and up 14.1 mmt (10 percent) from last year’s poor harvest. Production is estimated to be near the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 26.1 million hectares (mha), down slightly from last month, but up 0.5 mha (2 percent) from last year. Estimated area is 0.4 mha below the 5-year average of 26.5 mha. Yield is estimated at 5.79 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), up nearly 1 percent from last month, up 8 percent from last year, and 2 percent above the 5-year average of 5.66 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Spring Wheat: Conditions Worsen in Volga, Harvest is Ongoing.

(Sep 12, 2019)

Russia spring wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 18.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 3 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. Spring wheat yield is estimated at 1.57 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month and down 7 percent from last year. Spring wheat area is estimated at 11.8 million hectares, unchanged from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Kazakhstan Wheat: Decreased Sown Area and Poor Conditions in Kostanai Drop Area and Yield.

(Sep 12, 2019)

Kazakhstan wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 11.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 12 percent from last month and down 18 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.02 tons per hectare, down 10 percent from last month and down 17 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 11.3 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month and last year based on final sown area data released by the State Statistical Agency. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Dry Weather in August Decreases Yield.

(Sep 12, 2019)

Ukraine corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at 36.0 million metric tons, down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 7.35 tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and down 6 percent from last year’s record. The estimated harvested area is unchanged from last month at a record 4.9 million hectares, which is up 7 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rapeseed: Lower Production Due to Dry Conditions.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2019/20 rapeseed crop at 2.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.3 mmt (12 percent) from last month, but up 0.1 mmt (6 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 1.9 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha from last month, and slightly below last year. Yield is forecast at 1.21 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Estimated Production Down 0.5 Million Tons from Last Month.

(Sep 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) 2019/20 rapeseed production is estimated at 17.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt (3 percent) from last month, down 2.5 mmt (13 percent) from last year, and 20 percent below the 5-year average of 21.9 mmt. Area is estimated at 5.6 million hectares (mha), down slightly from last month, and down 1.5 mha (21 percent) from last year. The 5-year average area is 6.7 mha. Yield is estimated at 3.14 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), down 1 percent from last month, but up 10 percent from last year and below the 5-year average of 3.25 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

India Soybeans: Yield Revised Up from Last Month.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts India 2019/20 soybean production at 11.0 million metric tons, up nearly 7 percent from last month, but down 4 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 11.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is forecast to increase to 1.00 metric ton per hectare, up 7 percent from last month, but down nearly 4 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

China Soybeans: Production Forecast at a Record High .

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts China’s 2019/20 soybean production at a record 17.1 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.2 mmt from last year. The year-to-year forecast is 8 percent higher than last year’s record crop of 15.9 mmt primarily due to a rise in area planted, which is at a 5-year high. Area is forecast at 9.0 million hectares, up 0.6 million or 7 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.90 tons per hectare (t/ha), up slightly from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average of 1.83 t/ha. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Area Forecast 47 Percent Below Last Year.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Australia cotton production at 1.4 million 480-pound bales, down 0.5 million bales (26 percent) from last month and down 0.8 million (36 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.2 million hectares, down 23 percent from last month, and down 47 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,524 kilograms per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and 17 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Forecast Production Up 11 Percent from Last Year.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts India cotton production for 2019/20 at 29.5 million 480-pound bales, up nearly 2 percent from last month and up 11 percent from the previous year. The increase is based on improved weather conditions in the major cotton areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Harvested area is estimated at 12.7 million hectares, up slightly from last month and last year. Yield is forecast at 506 kilograms per hectare, up 10 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Sunflowerseed: Favorable Weather Boosts Yield to a Record.

(Aug 12, 2019)

Ukraine sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is forecast at 15.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 5 percent from last month and up 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 2.50 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in yields is due to recent favorable weather for sunflowers in eastern and central Ukraine. Total area is estimated at 6.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Sunflowerseed: Excellent Conditions Increase Yield Forecast.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Turkey sunflowerseed production at 1.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.2 mmt from last month and down slightly from last year. Area is forecast at 0.7 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and up just slightly from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.40 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), up from 2.12 mt/ha last month. Growing conditions have been favorable all season. Well-timed precipitation over the sunflower growing regions has put this crop on pace for above-average yields. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

Russia Wheat: Harvest is Ongoing for Winter Wheat; Spring Wheat Conditions Have Deteriorated.

(Aug 12, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 73.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2 percent from last month, but up 2 percent from last year. The estimate includes 54.0 mmt of winter wheat and 19.0 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.70 tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 27.0 million hectares, up 3 percent from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Kazakhstan Wheat: Yields Drop Due to Deteriorating Conditions in Kostanai .

(Aug 12, 2019)

Kazakhstan wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at 13.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 7 percent from last month and from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.14 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and from last year. Area is estimated unchanged at 11.4 million hectares. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Wheat: Production Lowered due to Revisions in Area and Yield.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA estimates 2019/20 Turkey wheat production at 19.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.0 mmt from last month and unchanged from last year. Area is estimated at 7.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.5 mha from last month, and down 0.4 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.64 mt/ha, down 3 percent from last month. Wheat area is down from last year due to a shift to other crops. Early-season growing conditions were favorable but declined in May as dry conditions diminished yield and quality in the Southeast Anatolia, Central Anatolia, and Cukurova regions. Recent reports confirm the month-to-month reduction in yield. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

European Union Wheat: Estimated Production Down 1.3 Million Tons.

(Aug 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) wheat production is estimated at 150.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.3 mmt (1 percent) from last month, but up 13.1 mmt (10 percent) from last year’s poor harvest. Production is estimated to be slightly below the 5-year average of 150.9 mmt. Area is estimated at 26.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.3 mha from last month but 0.6 mha (2 percent) above last year. Yield is estimated at 5.74 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), up slightly from last month, and up 7 percent from last year, and above the 5-year average of 5.69 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Wheat: Forecast Area Highest Since 2004/05.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Argentina wheat production at 20.5 million metric tons, up 3 percent from last month and up 5 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 6.3 million hectares, up nearly 2 percent from last month and up 4 percent over last year. The increased wheat area is due to higher prices and excellent planting conditions. (For additional information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Estimated Production Down 0.7 Million Tons from Last Month.

(Aug 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) rapeseed production is estimated at 18.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.7 mmt (4 percent) from last month, down 2.1 mmt (10 percent) from last year, and below the 5- year average of 22.0 mmt. Area is estimated at 5.7 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha (2 percent) from last month, and down 1.4 mha (20 percent) from last year. The 5-year average area is 6.7 mha. Yield is estimated at 3.19 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), down 2 percent from last month, but up 12 percent from last year. The 5-year average yield is 3.28 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Record Production Driven by Higher Sown Area and Near Record Yields.

(Aug 12, 2019)

Ukraine corn production for 2019/20 is forecast at 36.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 7 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 7.45 tons per hectare, up 3 percent from last month, but down 5 percent from last year’s record. The estimated harvested area was increased slightly to 4.9 million hectares (mha) from 4.7 mha based on final sown area data released by the State Statistical Service of Ukraine. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Kenya Corn: Production Down from Last Year Due to Early Season Drought .

(Aug 12, 2019)

Kenya corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at 3.2 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month, but down 0.4 mmt (10 percent) from the 5-year average and down 0.8 mmt (20 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 2.0 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but down 0.17 mha (8 percent) from the 5-year average and down 0.2 mha (9 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.6 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from the 5-year average and down 12 percent from last year. Estimated corn area and yields are below the 5-year average due to an early season drought from March through May. (For more information, contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Forecast Production Decreases as Dryness Reduces Area.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts rice harvested area at 10.9 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month, but on-par with last year. Yield is forecast at 2.85 million tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and down slightly from last year. USDA forecasts Thailand 2019/20 rice production at 20.5 million metric tons (milled basis), down 2 percent from last month, but up slightly from last year. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Iraq Rice: Crop Bounces Back from Restricted Area Last Year.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Iraq rough rice production at 450,000 metric tons (mt), up 390,000 mt from last month, and up 420,000 mt from last year. Area is forecast at 95,000 hectares (ha), up 79,000 ha from last month, and up 87,000 ha from last year’s restricted area of 8,000 ha. Yield is forecast at 4.74 tons per hectare. Low flow in the Euphrates River in the spring and summer of 2018 forced the Government of Iraq to severely restrict rice planted area. The rice crop for 2018/19 was almost nonexistent as a result. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

Uzbekistan Cotton: Yield Forecast Lowered Due to Extreme Heat.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts Uzbekistan 2019/20 cotton production at 3.0 million 480-lb bales, down 0.3 million bales from last month and last year. Area is forecast at 1.1 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and just slightly down from last year. Yield is forecast at 622 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), down 8 percent from last month. Extremely hot and dry weather from midJuly until early August has been detrimental to the crop. Extended temperatures as high as 42 degrees Celsius occurred at peak flowering, breaking records across Uzbekistan and negatively impacting yields. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)