Taiwan Rice: Production Reduced Significantly Due to Unprecedented Drought Conditions.

(Apr 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Taiwan 2020/21 rice production at 900,000 metric tons (mt) (milled basis), down 27 percent or 325,000 mt from last month, down 23 percent from last year, and down 25 percent from the 5-year average. Area harvested is estimated at 200,000 hectares, down 25 percent from last month and down 20 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 6.43 metric tons per hectare, down 2 percent from last month and 3 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@usda.gov.)

Cuba Rice: Further Reductions in Area and Production .

(Apr 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Cuba rice production for marketing year (MY) 2020/21 at 240,000 metric tons (milled basis), down 6 percent from last month, 3 percent from last year, and 15 percent below the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 105,000 hectares, down 6 percent from last month, 1 percent from last year, and 13 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 3.51 tons per hectare, nearly unchanged from last month, down 2 percent from last year, and 3 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Aaron.Mulhollen@usda.gov.)

Philippines Rice: Estimated Production Highest on Record .

(Apr 09, 2021)

USDA estimates marketing year (MY) 2020/21 Philippines rice production at a record 12.4 million metric tons (mmt) (milled basis), up 2 percent from last month and up 4 percent from last year. Philippines estimated rice production is the highest on record, surpassing the previous record in MY 2017/18 at 12.2 mmt. Harvested area is estimated at 4.8 million hectares (mha), up 2 percent from last month, and up 4 percent from last year. Yield remains a record at 4.10 tons per hectare, down marginally from last month, but up slightly from last year. Yield is up 3 percent from the 5- year average. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Dry Weather Limits Yield and Production Expectations .

(Apr 09, 2021)

The marketing year (MY) 2020/21 Argentina corn area is estimated lower based on dry conditions caused by La Niña during crop establishment and development. Corn area is estimated at 6.1 million hectares, the same as last month and down 3 percent from last year. Corn production is expected to be lower at 47.0 million metric tons, down 1 percent from last month, and down 8 percent from last year. Yield is expected at 7.70 tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and down 5 percent from last year. Rains have delayed harvest progress; nationally, harvest progress was 12 percent as of April 8, according to Bolsa Cereales, with less than 10 percent of the crop harvested. This recent moisture will not provide any boost to yield in early-planted corn fields. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Zimbabwe Wheat: Bumper Harvest from Increased Area .

(Apr 09, 2021)

Zimbabwe wheat production for marketing year 2020/21 is estimated at 180,000 metric tons (mt), down 70,000 mt (28 percent) from last month but up 85,000 mt (89 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 40,000 hectares (ha), down 23,000 ha (37 percent) from last month but up 16,000 ha (67 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 4.5 metric tons per hectare, up 7 percent from the 5-year average. All wheat in Zimbabwe is planted under irrigation. Harvested area and yield were above average this year because contract irrigation growers could purchase inputs such as wheat seed and fertilizers with commercial bank loans guaranteed by the government. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Revised Down on Excessive Rains .

(Apr 09, 2021)

Australia marketing year 2020/21 cotton production is forecast at 2.5 million 480-pound bales (0.544 million metric tons), down 0.1 million bales from last month, and up 1.9 million bales or 300 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 275,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, but up nearly 360 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,979 kilograms per hectare, down 4 percent from last month, but 10 percent above the 5-year average. Yield is revised down due to damaged and waterlogged cotton resulting from recent excessive rainfall. Cotton bolls were beginning to open in growing areas along the Queensland and New South Wales border when the excessive rains and flooding occurred in late March. These and other areas of early planted cotton will be subject to crop losses due to boll rot. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

India Rapeseed: Record Production.

(Apr 09, 2021)

USDA estimates marketing year 2020/21 India rapeseed production at a record production of 8.5 million metric tons. This 10-percent increase from last year is due to area expansion and favorable weather at the beginning of the season. Area is estimated at 8.2 million hectares, up nearly 11 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.04 metric tons per hectare, down slightly from last year because of higher than normal temperatures. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Senegal Peanuts: Record Production from Favorable Rains .

(Apr 09, 2021)

Senegal peanut production for marketing year 2020/21 is estimated at a record 1.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 200,000 metric tons (mt) (14 percent) from last month and up 179,000 mt (13 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.2 million hectares, up 20,000 hectares (2 percent) from last month and up 109,000 hectares (10 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.31 metric tons per hectare, up 20 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated above average due to well-distributed and above-average rains from July through September. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Record Production Revised Higher .

(Apr 09, 2021)

Brazil soybean production for marketing year 2020/21 is forecast at a record 136.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.0 mmt (1 percent) from last month and 7.5 mmt (6 percent) from last season’s revised record crop of 128.5 mmt. The harvested area is forecast at a record 38.6 million hectares (mha), up 1.7 mha (5 percent) from last season’s record. Yield is forecast at a record 3.52 tons per hectare, 1 percent above last season and close to the 10-year trend. Although Brazil had weatherrelated delays in sowing and harvesting, record output is expected for a second consecutive year. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov.)

Malaysia Palm Oil: Production Continues to Decline.

(Apr 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Malaysia marketing year 2020/21 palm oil production at 19.0 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.4 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.52 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, and down 2 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

South Africa Corn: Production Prospects Improve from Abundant Rains.

(Mar 09, 2021)

South Africa’s 2020/21 corn production is forecast at 17.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt (3 percent) from last month and 1.2 mmt (7 percent) from last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 97 percent of the total crop. Area is estimated at 3.1 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month but up 0.2 mha (7 percent) from last year. Corn area planted was the largest since the 2014/15 growing season. Yield is forecast at 5.48 metric tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last year and up 12 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: Production Unchanged but Increasing Risks to Safrinha Corn.

(Mar 09, 2021)

USDA estimates total corn production in Brazil at a record 109.0 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month, but up 7.0 mmt (7 percent) from last year’s record. Total harvested area, for all three corn crops, is forecast at a record 19.7 million hectares (mha), up 1.2 mha (6 percent) from last year’s record area of 18.5 mha. Yield is forecast at 5.53 tons per hectare (t/ha), less than 1 percent higher than last year’s crop, but 4 percent lower than the previous record of 5.77 t/ha in 2018/19, and up 6 percent from the 5-year average of 5.20 t/ha. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov.)

Indonesia Corn: Abundant Seasonal Rains Lead to Record Production and Yield.

(Mar 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Indonesia 2020/21 corn production at a record 12.1 million metric tons, up 1 percent from both last month and last year. Harvested area is estimated at 3.7 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 3.27 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and 4 percent from last year. (For additional information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

Mexico Sorghum: Freezing Weather Lowers Winter Planted Area in Tamaulipas.

(Mar 09, 2021)

Mexico’s sorghum production for 2020/21 is estimated at 4.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.2 mmt (about 4 percent) from last month, and down about 1 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 1.3 million hectares, down 4 percent from last month and down 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.31 metric tons per hectare, relatively unchanged from last month, but up 5 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Ifeoma.Collins@usda.gov.)

Australia Sorghum: Production Revised Lower but Significantly Above Last Year .

(Mar 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Australia 2020/21 sorghum production at 1.45 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.25 mmt or 15 percent from last month, but up 1.15 mmt or 383 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 0.51 million hectares (mha), down 0.09 mha from last month, but up 0.36 mha or 240 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.84 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 42 percent from last year’s drought-ravaged crop. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

India Rice: Ideal Weather Boosts Production to Record Level .

(Mar 09, 2021)

USDA estimates India rice production for 2020/21 at a record 121.0 million metric tons (milled basis), up 1 percent from last month, 2 percent from last year, and 8 percent above the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 44.0 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 4.13 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month, 1 percent from last year, and 7 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Record Production Driven by Record or Near-Record Yields in Several Key.

(Mar 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Russia wheat production for 2020/21 at 85.4 million metric tons (mmt), essentially unchanged from last month, and up 16 percent from last year. The estimate includes 62.7 mmt of winter wheat and 22.7 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.98 tons per hectare, essentially unchanged from last month, and up 10 percent from last year. Total harvested area is estimated at 28.7 million hectares, essentially unchanged from last month and up 5 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Reaches a New Record.

(Mar 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Australia 2020/21 wheat production at a record 33.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 3.0 mmt or 10 percent from last month and up 17.8 mmt or 117 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 13.0 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month but up 2.8 mha or 27 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.54 tons per hectare (t/ha), second only to the 2016/17 season record of 2.61 t/ha. Yield is up 10 percent from last month, and up 70 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Record Production Despite Further Harvest Delays .

(Mar 09, 2021)

Brazil soybean production for 2020/21 is forecast at a record 134.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (1 percent) from last month and 5.5 mmt (4 percent) from last season’s revised record crop of 128.5 mmt. The harvested area is forecast at a record 38.6 million hectares (mha), up 1.7 mha (5 percent) from last season’s record. Yield is forecast below the 10-year trend at 3.47 tons per hectare (t/ha) and slightly below last season. Soybean area expansion continues for the fourteenth straight year. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov.)

Malaysia Palm Oil: Production Reduced Due to Negative La Niña Affect .

(Mar 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Malaysia 2020/21 palm oil production at 19.6 million metric tons, down 2 percent from last month, but up 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.4 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.63 tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

Senegal Cotton: Favorable Rains Boost Yield .

(Mar 09, 2021)

Senegal’s cotton production for 2020/21 is estimated at 36,000 480-lb bales, up 1,000 bales (3 percent) from last month and up 7,000 bales (24 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 17,000 hectares (ha), down 3,000 ha (15 percent) from last month, but up 1,000 ha (6 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 461 kilograms per hectare, up 21 percent from last month, 17 percent from last year, and 41 percent from the 5-year average. Favorable seasonal rains and low pest pressure helped to boost yield well above average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Brazil Cotton: Lower Production Forecast .

(Mar 09, 2021)

Brazil’s 2020/21 cotton production is forecast at 11.5 million 480-pound bales, lower by 0.5 million bales (4 percent) from last month, and down 2.3 million bales (17 percent) from last year’s record production. Harvested cotton area is forecast at 1.45 million hectares (mha), lower by 0.1 mha (6 percent) from last month, and 13 percent below last year. The two largest cotton producing states, Mato Grosso and Bahia, are reporting roughly 10 percent and 15 percent declines in sown area, respectively, for the 2020/21 season. Cotton yield is forecast at 1,727 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), 5 percent above the 5-year average of 1,642 kg/ha. The COVID-19 pandemic dampened prices for much of 2020, and delayed plantings added further risk to cotton compared with alternative crops. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov.)

Sri Lanka Rice: Production Increase due to Near-Record Harvested Area .

(Feb 09, 2021)

USDA estimates 2020/21 Sri Lanka rice production at 3.5 million metric tons milled, up nearly 8 percent from last year. The 8 percent increase is due to increased area harvested and above-average yields. The harvested area is estimated at 1.1 million hectares, up 12 percent from 2019/20. This 12 percent increase is due to government support. Above-average rainfall coupled with improved seed varieties boosted yields slightly above the 5-year average. Yields are estimated to reach 4.59 metric tons per hectare, down 5 percent from 2019/20’s record. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

China Cotton: Production Increased Due to Record Yield.

(Feb 09, 2021)

FAS estimates China’s 2020/21 cotton production at 29.0 million 480-pound bales (6.3 million metric tons), up 1.5 million bales or 5 percent from last month, up 6 percent from last year, and 14 percent from the 5-year average of 25.5 million bales. Area is estimated at 3.3 million hectares, no change from last month and down 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 1,943 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 5 percent from last month, up 13 percent from last year and 14 percent above the 5-year average of 1,697 kg/ha. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@usda.gov.)

Pakistan Cotton: Production Revised Up .

(Feb 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Pakistan’s cotton production for 2020/21 at 4.5 million 480-pound bales, up 0.2 million bales from last month, but down 1.7 million bales from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 0.25 million hectares from last year. Yield is estimated at 445 kilograms per hectare, up 4 percent from last month, but down 19 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Brazil Cotton: Production Lower Than Last Year .

(Feb 09, 2021)

Brazil’s 2020/21 cotton production is forecast at 12 million 480-pound bales, unchanged from last month, but down 1.8 million bales (13 percent) from last year’s record production. Harvested cotton area is forecast at 1.6 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but 7 percent below last year. The two largest cotton producing states, Mato Grosso and Bahia, are reporting a 5 percent and 15 percent decline in sown area, respectively, for the 2020/21 season. Cotton yield is forecast at 1,686 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), slightly above the 5-year average, but below the 10-year trend yield. The COVID-19 pandemic dampened prices for much of 2020 resulting in producers switching to more profitable crops this season. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov.)

Ethiopia Wheat: Record Production from Favorable Rains .

(Feb 09, 2021)

Ethiopia wheat production for 2020/21 is estimated at a record 5.3 million metric tons, unchanged from last month and up 375,000 tons (8 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 1.9 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 50,000 hectares (3 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 2.86 metric tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last year and up 7 percent from the 5-year average. Wheat yields were above average due to favorable weather and well-distributed rainfall received in the main production zones in the highland wheat growing areas. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Kazakhstan Wheat: Increased Production Based on Official Data .

(Feb 09, 2021)

USDA estimates Kazakhstan wheat production for 2020/21 at 14.3 million metric tons, up 14 percent from last month, and up 24 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.18 tons per hectare, up 11 percent from last month, and up 17 percent from last year. Harvested are is estimated at 12.1 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, and up 7 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Argentina Barley: Expanded Production Due to More Harvested Area.

(Feb 09, 2021)

The 2020/21 Argentina harvested barley area is estimated higher than last month due to additional fields in barley feed and malting use, but lower than last year. The drying conditions of La Niña and some quick, hard freezes during the winter cropping season limited yields in the barley crop. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Turkey Corn: Highest Production on Record.

(Feb 09, 2021)

USDA estimates record Turkey corn production for 2020/21 at 7.1 million metric tons, which is up 1 percent from last month and up 18 percent from last year. The area is estimated at 620,000 hectares, unchanged relative to last month and up 19 percent from last year. The estimated yield of 11.45 metric tons per hectare is the second highest on record since 1960. (For more information, please contact Iliana.Mladenova@usda.gov.)

South Africa Corn: Favorable Production Prospects for Second Consecutive Year .

(Feb 09, 2021)

South Africa’s 2020/21 corn production is forecast at 16.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt (3 percent) from last month and last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 97 percent of the total crop. Area is estimated at 3.1 million hectares (mha), up 0.1 mha (3 percent) from last month and up 0.19 mha (7 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 5.32 metric tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last year but up 8 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Slow Start of Season Followed by Mid-Season Recovery .

(Feb 09, 2021)

Brazil soybean production for 2020/21 is forecast at a record 133.0 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged this month and larger by 7.0 mmt (6 percent) from last season’s record crop of 126.0 mmt. The harvested area is forecast at a record 38.6 million hectares (mha), up 1.7 mha (5 percent) from last season’s record. Yield is forecast slightly below the 10-year trend at 3.45 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last year. Soybean area expansion continues for the fourteenth straight year, with the most significant gains forecast for the states of Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul. (For more information, please contact Sunita.YadavPauletti@usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: First Corn Crop Affected by Dry Weather.

(Jan 12, 2021)

USDA forecasts total corn production in Brazil at a record 109.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1 mmt (1 percent) from last month, but up 7.0 mmt (7 percent) from last year’s record. Total harvested area, for both the first-season and second-season corn crops, is forecast at a record 19.5 million hectares (mha), up 1.0 mha (5 percent) from last year’s record area of 18.5 mha. Yield is forecast at 5.59 tons per hectare (t/ha), about 1 percent higher than last year’s crop. The forecasted yield is 3 percent lower than the previous record of 5.77 t/ha in 2018/19, but up 7 percent from the 5-year average of 5.20 t/ha. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Dry Weather Reduces Yield .

(Jan 12, 2021)

Argentina’s 2020/21 corn area is forecast lower based on dry conditions caused by the lingering La Niña. Continued economic currency variability, inflation, and risk to late sowings may delay further planting. Corn area is forecast at 6.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and down 3 percent from last year. Corn production is forecast at 47.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month, and down 7 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 7.79 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. Satellite-derived vegetation analysis shows current conditions below last year and below average. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

India Corn: Corn Area Revised Up .

(Jan 12, 2021)

USDA estimates 2020/21 India corn production at 28.5 million metric tons, up nearly 2 percent from last month, but down slightly from 2019. Area is estimated at 9.4 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, but down 3 percent from last year. This 3 percent year-to-year decrease is due to lower demand from the poultry industry. Yield is estimated at 3.03 metric tons per hectare, relatively unchanged from last month and up nearly 3 percent from last year. The 3 percent increase in yield is because of timely monsoonal rains and limited pests. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Argentina Soybeans: Yield Reduced due to Dryness .

(Jan 12, 2021)

The 2020/21 Argentina soybean area is forecast at 16.7 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is forecast as 2.87 tons per hectare, 4 percent below last month, and 2 percent less than last year. As a result, production is forecast at 48.0 million metric tons, down two million tons from the previous forecast, 4 percent below last month and less than 2 percent below last year. The 2020/21 Argentina soybean area is forecast at 16.7 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is forecast as 2.87 tons per hectare, 4 percent below last month, and 2 percent less than last year. As a result, production is forecast at 48.0 million metric tons, down two million tons from the previous forecast, 4 percent below last month and less than 2 percent below last year. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

China Soybeans: Production Revised Significantly Upward .

(Jan 12, 2021)

China’s 2020/21 soybean production is estimated at 19.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.1 million or 12 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 9.9 million hectares, up 0.6 million or 6 percent from last month and from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.99 metric tons per hectare, up 6 percent from last month, up 2 percent from last year and up 7 percent from the 5-year average of 1.86 mt/ha. These changes reflect the latest data from China’s National Bureau of Statistics. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@usda.gov.)

India Peanuts: Area Estimates Revised Down.

(Jan 12, 2021)

USDA estimates India peanut production at 6.5 million metric tons, down nearly 4 percent from 2019, mainly a result of lower yields. Harvested area is revised down to 5.6 million hectares, down 3 percent from last month, due to slow planting in the top rabi areas, but up nearly 15 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.16 metric tons per hectare, down 9 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Mali Cotton: Sharp Reduction in Production due to Reduced Area .

(Jan 12, 2021)

Mali’s cotton production for 2020/21 is estimated at 285,000 480-pound bales, down 115,000 bales (29 percent) from last month and down 1.07 million bales (79 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 165,000 hectares (ha), down 35,000 ha (18 percent) from last month and down 570,000 ha (78 percent) from last year. The harvested area is the lowest area since 1988 when 160,000 ha was harvested. Yield is estimated at 376 kilograms per hectare, down 7 percent from the 5-year average. Weather was favorable during the growing season, but yields are estimated to be slightly below average due to the lack of fertilizer for the cotton crop. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: Large Reduction in Area but Near-Record Yield Forecast .

(Jan 12, 2021)

USDA estimates Turkey cotton production for 2020/21 at 2.9 million 480-pound bales, up 4 percent from last month, but down 16 percent from last year. The area is estimated at 350,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 39 percent from last year. The estimated yield of 1,804 kilograms per hectare is at a near-record level. (For more information, please contact Iliana.Mladenova@usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Revised Up on Improved Water Availability .

(Jan 12, 2021)

The 2020/21 Australia cotton crop production is forecast at 2.5 million 480-pound bales (0.544 million metric tons), up 0.1 million bales from last month, and up 1.875 million or 300 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 275,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, but up nearly 360 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,979 kilograms per hectare, 10 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov).

Russia Wheat: Record Production .

(Jan 12, 2021)

USDA estimates Russia wheat production for 2020/21 at a record 85.3 million metric tons (mmt), up 2 percent from last month, and up 16 percent from last year. The estimate includes 59.8 mmt of winter wheat and 25.5 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.98 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month, and up 11 percent from last year. Total harvested area is estimated at 28.6 million hectares, unchanged from last month, and up 5 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Vietnam Rice: Area Continues Downward Trend .

(Jan 12, 2021)

USDA estimates Vietnam’s 2020/21 rice production at 27.1 million metric tons (milled basis), up marginally from last month, but unchanged from last year. Since 2015, production has been mostly trending downward. One of the main factors for the decline in rice production has been attributed to the reduction in rice cultivated area. Harvested area is estimated at 7.4 million hectares, down marginally from last month, but up slightly from last year. Harvested area is down 3 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 5.87 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month, but down marginally from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

Philippines Rice: Estimated Production Second Highest on Record .

(Jan 12, 2021)

USDA estimates 2020/21 Philippines rice production at 12.0 million metric tons (mmt) (milled basis), up 3 percent from last month and up 1 percent from last year. Additionally, forecasted rice production is the second highest on record, behind the 12.2 mmt 2017/18 crop. Harvested area is estimated at 4.65 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month and up marginally from last year, but down 1 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 4.10 tons per hectare, up marginally from both last month and last year and up 3 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

Central America Corn: Hurricanes Eta and Iota Damage Crops.

(Dec 10, 2020)

At the start and middle of November 2020, both Hurricane Eta and Hurricane Iota landed in Nicaragua as Category 4 hurricanes, causing damage to crops, infrastructure, and human lives throughout Central America from flooding, strong winds, and landslides. The hurricane season in Central America ended at the end of November. Corn is planted in three seasons in Central America: the primera (main season), the postrera (second season), and in some countries the apante (third season). Generally, the postrera harvest was almost completed in November and the current wet conditions could postpone the planting of the apante crops in December. Preliminary assessments of crop damage from the hurricanes have started throughout the region. (For more information, please contact Ifeoma.Collins@usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Crop Planting Drops with Dryness .

(Dec 10, 2020)

The 2020/21 Argentina corn crop area is forecast lower at 6.1 million hectares, down 2 percent from last month and down 3 percent from last year, based on dry conditions caused by the ongoing La Niña. Corn production is forecast at 49.0 million metric tons, down 2 percent from last month, and down 4 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 8.03 tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Harvest Results Increase Yields Slightly.

(Dec 10, 2020)

Ukraine corn production for 2020/21 is estimated at 29.5 million metric tons, up 4 percent from last month, but down 18 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.46 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 4 percent from last month but down 24 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.4 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 8 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: Crop Stress in the South but Total Corn Production Unchanged.

(Dec 10, 2020)

USDA estimates total corn production in Brazil at a record 110.0 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month but up 8.0 mmt (8 percent) from last year’s record. Total harvested area, for both the first-season and second-season corn crops, is estimated at a record 19.5 million hectares (mha), up 1.0 mha (5 percent) from last year’s record area of 18.5 mha. Yield is forecast at 5.64 tons per hectare (t/ha), 2 percent higher than last year’s crop, but 2 percent lower than the previous record of 5.77 t/ha in 2018/19 and up 8 percent from the 5-year average of 5.20 t/ha. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov.)

Canada Barley: Optimal Conditions Lead to Near-Record Yield .

(Dec 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Canada barley production for 2020/21 at 10.7 million metric tons, up 0.3 mmt or 3 percent over last month and last year, and 23 percent above the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 2.8 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, 3 percent over last year, and 18 percent above the 5-year average. Yield is forecast at a near record 3.82 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last month, unchanged from last year, and 4 percent above the 5-year average. The record yield for Canada barley is 3.90 t/ha in 2016/17. (For more information, please contact Aaron.Mulhollen@usda.gov.)

Nicaragua Rice: Back-to-Back Hurricanes Damage Area .

(Dec 10, 2020)

Nicaragua’s rough rice production for 2020/21 is estimated at 412,000 metric tons (mt), down about 3 percent (12,000 mt) from last month, but up 9 percent from last year. Milled production is estimated at 272,000 mt. Area is estimated at 97,000 hectares, down 3 percent (3,000 mt) from last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 4.25 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month but up 13 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Ifeoma.Collins@usda.gov.)

Australia Rice: Substantial Increase from Last Year .

(Dec 10, 2020)

Australia rice production for 2020/21 is estimated at 840,000 metric tons (mt) on a paddy basis, up 423,000 mt from last month and up 787,000 mt or 1,485 percent from last season. Area is estimated at 80,000 hectares (ha), up 40,000 ha from last month and up 74,000 ha from last season. Yield is estimated at 10.50 metric tons per hectare, up 19 percent from last year, and 10 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Heavy Rains Lower Yields.

(Dec 10, 2020)

USDA estimates cotton harvested area to reach record levels at 13.4 million hectares, unchanged from the previous forecast but up almost 1 percent from 2019. Yields are estimated to reach 479 kilograms per hectare, down nearly 1 percent from 2019 because of crop damage from heavy rains and pests. Production is estimated at 29.5 million 480-pound bales, down nearly 2 percent from last month and unchanged from 2019/20. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Second Largest Crop on Record; Production Nearly Double Last Year .

(Dec 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2020/21 wheat crop at 30.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.5 mmt or 5 percent from last month, and up 15.2 mmt or 97 percent from last year. At 30.0 mmt, this is the second largest crop on record after the 31.8 mmt crop harvested in 2016/17. Harvested area is estimated at 13.0 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, and up 2.8 mha or 27 percent from last year. Wheat yield is estimated at 2.31 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month and up 55 percent from 2019/20. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Argentina Soybeans: Economic Uncertainty and Dry Conditions Lower Soybean Area .

(Dec 10, 2020)

The 2020/21 Argentina soybean harvested area is forecast at 16.7 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month, and unchanged from last year. The production is forecast at 50.0 million metric tons, down 2 percent from last month and 2 percent below last season’s crop. Yield is forecast as 2.99 tons per hectare, less than 1 percent below last month but 2 percent above last year’s yield. With inflation running more than 40 percent in recent years, Argentine farmers fear the rate will further increase once post-pandemic growth returns. The peso’s value has fallen relative to the dollar during the pandemic, and farmers are concerned that if capital controls are lifted, further devaluation will occur. Despite higher global prices for soybeans, the 33 percent export tax on soybeans and their products, which allows exporters and processors to pay Argentine producers a low farmgate price. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Production Forecast Unchanged Despite Slow Start to Planting .

(Nov 10, 2020)

Brazil soybean production for 2020/21 is forecast at a record 133.0 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged despite the delay in planting and larger by 7.0 mmt (6 percent) from last season’s record crop of 126.0 mmt. The harvested area is forecast at a record 38.6 million hectares (mha), up 1.7 mha (5 percent) from last season’s record. Yield is forecast slightly below the 10-year trend at 3.45 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last year. This would be the second highest yield on record, with the prior record at 3.51 t/ha reached in 2017/18. (For more information, please contact Sunita.Yadav-Pauletti@usda.gov).

Ukraine Sunflowerseed: Harvest Data Lowers Yield .

(Nov 10, 2020)

Ukraine sunflowerseed production for 2020/21 is estimated at 14.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 7 percent from last month and down 15 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.06 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and down 20 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 6.8 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 6 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Argentina Soybeans: Dry Conditions Slow Planting and Lower Expected Area.

(Nov 10, 2020)

USDA forecasts Argentina soybean production for 2020/21 at 51.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 5 percent from last month, but up 4 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 16.9 million hectares (mha), 2 percent less than last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.02 tons per hectare (t/ha), down 2 percent from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Canada Soybeans: Favorable Conditions Lead to Record Yield .

(Nov 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Canada soybean production for 2020/21 at 6.1 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.1 mmt or 2 percent from last month, but down 1 percent from last year, and 11 percent below the 5- year average. Harvested area is estimated at 2.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 12 percent from last year, and 18 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 3.05 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month, 13 percent over last year, and 8 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Aaron.Mulhollen@usda.gov.)

Turkey Wheat: Harvest Complete at Near-Record Yield .

(Nov 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Turkey wheat production for 2020/21 at 18.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.3 mmt or 1 percent from last month and up 0.8 mmt and 4 percent from last year. The harvested area is estimated at 7.1 million hectares (mha), unchanged relative to last month and up 0.1 mha or 1 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 2.57 tons per hectare (t/ha). (For more information, please contact Iliana.Mladenova@usda.gov.)

Argentina Wheat: Dry Conditions Lower Production Expectations .

(Nov 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Argentina wheat production for 2020/21 at 18.0 million metric tons, down 5 percent from last month and down 9 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 6.4 million hectares, 2 percent more than last month, but down 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.81 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. Lack of adequate soil moisture limited crop yield potential. Harvest typically begins in mid-November, however, in some fields, farmers have decided to leave the wheat crop for grazing or have collected grain for feed. In other cases, the wheat grain is being harvested for use in milling or for export but with less production than was harvested in each of the last four years. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Revised Up on Improved Water Storage Levels .

(Nov 10, 2020)

The 2020/21 Australia cotton crop production is forecast at 2.5 million bales, up 0.4 million bales from last month, and up 1.9 million bales or 300 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 325,000 hectares (ha), up 25,000 ha from last month, and up 265,000 ha or 442 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,675 kilograms per hectare. Yield is expected to decrease because of a forecast increase in the share of the total area sown to dryland cotton this season as compared to last. Irrigated cotton yields are substantially higher than dryland yields, and the difference widens in low rainfall years. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

China Cotton: Production Increased Due to Favorable Harvest Returns .

(Nov 10, 2020)

USDA estimates China’s 2020/21 cotton production at 27.5 million 480-pound bales (6.0 million metric tons), up roughly 1 percent from last month and last year, and up 8 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 3.25 million hectares (mha), down 6 percent from last year, but up 8 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,842 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up approximately 1 percent from last month, 7 percent from last year and 9 percent from the 5-year average of 1,697 kg/ha. Yield continues to be at the long-term trend due to the increasing share of cotton being planted in Xinjiang province, where yield has nearly doubled compared to elsewhere in the country. Approximately 85 percent of total China cotton is now produced in Xinjiang province. In the past three years, China’s cotton production continues to be determined, to a larger degree, by the marginal decrease in plantings in Xinjiang province and the relatively larger area decline in the North China Plain provinces of Shandong, Hebei, Anhui, and Jiangsu. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@usda.gov.)

Pakistan Cotton: Production Revised Down on Lower Arrivals .

(Nov 10, 2020)

USDA estimates Pakistan’s cotton production for 2020/21 at 5.0 million 480-pound bales, down 0.8 million bales from last month, and down 1.2 million bales from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 0.25 million hectares from last year. Yield is estimated at 495 kilograms per hectare, down 14 percent from last month and down 10 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Bangladesh Rice: Heavy Rain Decreases Production .

(Nov 10, 2020)

USDA estimates 2020/21 Bangladesh rice production at 35.3 million metric tons (milled basis), down nearly 2 percent from last month, and down nearly 2 percent from last year. The revisions are due to additional information from the Bangladesh Ministry of Agriculture. Harvested area is estimated at 11.7 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month and from last year. Yield is estimated at 4.53 metric tons per hectare, down slightly from last year because excessive rains impacted the Aus and Aman crops, which account for roughly 50 percent of the total rice crop. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

European Union Corn: Production Lowered 1.9 mmt Due to Losses in France and Romania .

(Nov 10, 2020)

European Union (EU27 + UK) corn production for 2020/21 is estimated at 64.2 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.9 mmt (3 percent) from the last month, down 2.5 mmt (4 percent) from last year, but 2 percent above the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 8.9 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha from last month, but unchanged from last year, and up 3 percent from the 5- year average. Yield is estimated at 7.23 tons per hectare (t/ha), down 2 percent from October, down 4 percent from last year, and down 1 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@usda.gov.)

South Africa Corn: Corn Planting Begins .

(Nov 10, 2020)

South Africa’s 2020/21 corn production is forecast at 16.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.0 mmt (14 percent) from last month and unchanged from last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 96 percent of the total crop. Area is forecast at 3.0 million hectares (mha), up 0.3 mha (11 percent) from last month and up 90,000 hectares (3 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 5.33 metric tons per hectare, slightly below the 10-year trend yield (1 percent), but up 8 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Persistent Seasonal Drought Lowers Yield 27 Percent from Last Year .

(Nov 10, 2020)

Ukraine corn production for 2020/21 is estimated at 28.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 22 percent from last month, and down 21 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.28 tons per hectare (t/ha), down 22 percent from last month and down 27 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.4 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 8 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)