Canada Rapeseed: Late September Snow Delays Harvest.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Canada rapeseed production for 2019/20 at 19.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.6 mmt from last month and down 0.8 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 8.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 0.7 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.32 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, but up 4 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease in yield is attributed to an early winter snow storm that occurred in late September, which dropped several inches of snow on the Canadian Prairies. In addition to the snow, an early season-ending freeze occurred in the main rapeseed growing regions of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, which produce 24, 50, and 15 percent, respectively. Canadian sources expressed concern about both lodging and pod shattering in the high moisture seeds. Harvest began in September. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Mexico Soybeans: Severe Drought Reduces Estimated Production by Nearly Half.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Mexico 2019/20 production at 220,000 metric tons, down 45 percent from last month and down 34 percent from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 140,000 hectares, down 41 percent from last month and down 27 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.57 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and 10 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@usda.gov.)

Ukraine Sunflowerseed: Late Season Dryness Lowers Yield.

(Oct 10, 2019)

Ukraine sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is estimated at 14.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 6 percent from last month and down 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.34 tons per hectare, down 6 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease in yield is due to late season dryness for sunflowers in eastern and central Ukraine even though weather remained favorably cool. Recent harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture confirm the decreased yield. Total area is estimated at 6.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month and down 5 percent from last year. USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Forecast Down 45 Percent From Last Year.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Australia cotton production at 1.2 million 480-pound bales, down 200,000 bales (14 percent) from last month and down 1.0 million (45 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 170,000 hectares, down 15 percent from last month, and down 55 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,537 kilograms per hectare, 16 percent below the 5- year average. The 55 percent decrease in cotton area from last year is due to the decrease in irrigation water availability that was exacerbated by below normal precipitation during the past six months. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Record Area Harvested.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates India cotton production for 2019/20 at 30.5 million 480-pound bales, up 3 percent from last month and up 15 percent from the previous year. The increase is based on improved weather conditions and record planted area in the major cotton regions of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Harvested area is estimated at 12.9 million hectares, up nearly 2 percent from the previous month and up 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 515 kilograms per hectare, up 12 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Forecast Revised Down.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2019/20 wheat production at 18.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt (5 percent) from last month, but up 0.7 mmt (4 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.7 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but up 0.5 mha (5 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.68 tons per hectare, 17 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@usda.gov.)

Turkmenistan Wheat: Crop Rebounds 114 Percent from Last Year’s Low Output.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates 2019/20 Turkmenistan wheat production at 1.5 million metric tons, up 700,000 tons (88 percent) from last month, and up 114 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 900,000 hectares (ha), up 17 percent from both last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 1.70 tons per hectare, up 60 percent from last month and 83 percent from last year. Timely and well-distributed precipitation contributed to favorable growing conditions all season. In addition, spring irrigation sources improved from the accumulation of normal snow pack levels that feed the Amu Darya River system. The winter wheat crop is more than double last year’s crop which suffered from diminished irrigation and precipitation. Harvest of the wheat crop finished in August. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@usda.gov.)

Russia Corn: Estimated Production Increases Based on Higher-Than-Expected Yield.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Russia corn production for 2019/20 at 13.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 4 percent from last month and up 18 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.51 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month and up 15 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 2.45 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 3 percent from last year. The estimated yield is increased by 4 percent based on harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture. Preliminary corn yields from the Ministry of Agriculture are typically higher than the final reported yield from the statistical agency Rosstat. Data from the Ministry of Agriculture indicate that harvest is about 34 percent complete as of early October. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

China Corn: Production Down from Last Year Due to Declining Planted Area.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates China’s 2019/20 corn production at 254 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.3 percent from last year, and approximately 5 mmt below the 5-year average. The year-to-year decline in production is attributed to a significant decrease in planted area. Area is estimated at 41 million hectares (mha), down 2.7 percent or 1.1 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 6.20 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average of 5.98 t/ha. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@usda.gov.)

Egypt Rice: Large Area Revision Bolsters Production as Farmers Risk Penalties.

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Egypt production for 2019/20 at 4.3 million metric tons (mmt) milled, or 6.2 mmt on a rough basis, up 41 percent from last month, and 54 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 760,000 hectares, up 260,000 hectares or 52 percent from last month, and up 298,000 hectares from last year, or 65 percent. Yield is estimated at 8.2 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@usda.gov.)

India Rice: Yields Up Slightly from Last Year .

(Oct 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts India rice production for 2019/20 at 114.0 million metric tons (milled basis), up nearly 2 percent from last month, but down 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 43.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.98 tons per hectare, up nearly 2 percent from last month and 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Production Forecast Revised Down Due to Drought in Eastern Australia.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2019/20 wheat production at 19.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.0 mmt (10 percent) from last month, but up 1.7 mmt (10 percent) from last year. Harvested area is now expected to total 10.7 million hectares (mha), down 0.3 mha from last month, but up 0.5 mha (5 percent) from last year. Expected yield is estimated at 1.78 tons per hectare or 4 percent above last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Wheat: Harvest Results Nudge Crop up 1.0 Million Tons.

(Sep 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) 2019/20 wheat production is estimated at 151.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (less than 1 percent) from last month, and up 14.1 mmt (10 percent) from last year’s poor harvest. Production is estimated to be near the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 26.1 million hectares (mha), down slightly from last month, but up 0.5 mha (2 percent) from last year. Estimated area is 0.4 mha below the 5-year average of 26.5 mha. Yield is estimated at 5.79 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), up nearly 1 percent from last month, up 8 percent from last year, and 2 percent above the 5-year average of 5.66 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Spring Wheat: Conditions Worsen in Volga, Harvest is Ongoing.

(Sep 12, 2019)

Russia spring wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 18.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 3 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. Spring wheat yield is estimated at 1.57 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month and down 7 percent from last year. Spring wheat area is estimated at 11.8 million hectares, unchanged from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Kazakhstan Wheat: Decreased Sown Area and Poor Conditions in Kostanai Drop Area and Yield.

(Sep 12, 2019)

Kazakhstan wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 11.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 12 percent from last month and down 18 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.02 tons per hectare, down 10 percent from last month and down 17 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 11.3 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month and last year based on final sown area data released by the State Statistical Agency. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Dry Weather in August Decreases Yield.

(Sep 12, 2019)

Ukraine corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at 36.0 million metric tons, down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 7.35 tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and down 6 percent from last year’s record. The estimated harvested area is unchanged from last month at a record 4.9 million hectares, which is up 7 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rapeseed: Lower Production Due to Dry Conditions.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2019/20 rapeseed crop at 2.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.3 mmt (12 percent) from last month, but up 0.1 mmt (6 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 1.9 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha from last month, and slightly below last year. Yield is forecast at 1.21 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Estimated Production Down 0.5 Million Tons from Last Month.

(Sep 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) 2019/20 rapeseed production is estimated at 17.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt (3 percent) from last month, down 2.5 mmt (13 percent) from last year, and 20 percent below the 5-year average of 21.9 mmt. Area is estimated at 5.6 million hectares (mha), down slightly from last month, and down 1.5 mha (21 percent) from last year. The 5-year average area is 6.7 mha. Yield is estimated at 3.14 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), down 1 percent from last month, but up 10 percent from last year and below the 5-year average of 3.25 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

India Soybeans: Yield Revised Up from Last Month.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts India 2019/20 soybean production at 11.0 million metric tons, up nearly 7 percent from last month, but down 4 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 11.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is forecast to increase to 1.00 metric ton per hectare, up 7 percent from last month, but down nearly 4 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

China Soybeans: Production Forecast at a Record High .

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts China’s 2019/20 soybean production at a record 17.1 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.2 mmt from last year. The year-to-year forecast is 8 percent higher than last year’s record crop of 15.9 mmt primarily due to a rise in area planted, which is at a 5-year high. Area is forecast at 9.0 million hectares, up 0.6 million or 7 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.90 tons per hectare (t/ha), up slightly from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average of 1.83 t/ha. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Area Forecast 47 Percent Below Last Year.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Australia cotton production at 1.4 million 480-pound bales, down 0.5 million bales (26 percent) from last month and down 0.8 million (36 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.2 million hectares, down 23 percent from last month, and down 47 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,524 kilograms per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and 17 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Forecast Production Up 11 Percent from Last Year.

(Sep 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts India cotton production for 2019/20 at 29.5 million 480-pound bales, up nearly 2 percent from last month and up 11 percent from the previous year. The increase is based on improved weather conditions in the major cotton areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Harvested area is estimated at 12.7 million hectares, up slightly from last month and last year. Yield is forecast at 506 kilograms per hectare, up 10 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Sunflowerseed: Favorable Weather Boosts Yield to a Record.

(Aug 12, 2019)

Ukraine sunflowerseed production for 2019/20 is forecast at 15.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 5 percent from last month and up 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 2.50 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in yields is due to recent favorable weather for sunflowers in eastern and central Ukraine. Total area is estimated at 6.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Sunflowerseed: Excellent Conditions Increase Yield Forecast.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Turkey sunflowerseed production at 1.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.2 mmt from last month and down slightly from last year. Area is forecast at 0.7 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and up just slightly from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.40 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), up from 2.12 mt/ha last month. Growing conditions have been favorable all season. Well-timed precipitation over the sunflower growing regions has put this crop on pace for above-average yields. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

Russia Wheat: Harvest is Ongoing for Winter Wheat; Spring Wheat Conditions Have Deteriorated.

(Aug 12, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 73.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2 percent from last month, but up 2 percent from last year. The estimate includes 54.0 mmt of winter wheat and 19.0 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.70 tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 1 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 27.0 million hectares, up 3 percent from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Kazakhstan Wheat: Yields Drop Due to Deteriorating Conditions in Kostanai .

(Aug 12, 2019)

Kazakhstan wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at 13.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 7 percent from last month and from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.14 tons per hectare, down 7 percent from last month and from last year. Area is estimated unchanged at 11.4 million hectares. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Wheat: Production Lowered due to Revisions in Area and Yield.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA estimates 2019/20 Turkey wheat production at 19.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.0 mmt from last month and unchanged from last year. Area is estimated at 7.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.5 mha from last month, and down 0.4 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.64 mt/ha, down 3 percent from last month. Wheat area is down from last year due to a shift to other crops. Early-season growing conditions were favorable but declined in May as dry conditions diminished yield and quality in the Southeast Anatolia, Central Anatolia, and Cukurova regions. Recent reports confirm the month-to-month reduction in yield. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

European Union Wheat: Estimated Production Down 1.3 Million Tons.

(Aug 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) wheat production is estimated at 150.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.3 mmt (1 percent) from last month, but up 13.1 mmt (10 percent) from last year’s poor harvest. Production is estimated to be slightly below the 5-year average of 150.9 mmt. Area is estimated at 26.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.3 mha from last month but 0.6 mha (2 percent) above last year. Yield is estimated at 5.74 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), up slightly from last month, and up 7 percent from last year, and above the 5-year average of 5.69 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Wheat: Forecast Area Highest Since 2004/05.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Argentina wheat production at 20.5 million metric tons, up 3 percent from last month and up 5 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 6.3 million hectares, up nearly 2 percent from last month and up 4 percent over last year. The increased wheat area is due to higher prices and excellent planting conditions. (For additional information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Estimated Production Down 0.7 Million Tons from Last Month.

(Aug 12, 2019)

European Union (EU) rapeseed production is estimated at 18.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.7 mmt (4 percent) from last month, down 2.1 mmt (10 percent) from last year, and below the 5- year average of 22.0 mmt. Area is estimated at 5.7 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha (2 percent) from last month, and down 1.4 mha (20 percent) from last year. The 5-year average area is 6.7 mha. Yield is estimated at 3.19 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), down 2 percent from last month, but up 12 percent from last year. The 5-year average yield is 3.28 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Record Production Driven by Higher Sown Area and Near Record Yields.

(Aug 12, 2019)

Ukraine corn production for 2019/20 is forecast at 36.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 7 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 7.45 tons per hectare, up 3 percent from last month, but down 5 percent from last year’s record. The estimated harvested area was increased slightly to 4.9 million hectares (mha) from 4.7 mha based on final sown area data released by the State Statistical Service of Ukraine. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Kenya Corn: Production Down from Last Year Due to Early Season Drought .

(Aug 12, 2019)

Kenya corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at 3.2 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month, but down 0.4 mmt (10 percent) from the 5-year average and down 0.8 mmt (20 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 2.0 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but down 0.17 mha (8 percent) from the 5-year average and down 0.2 mha (9 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.6 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from the 5-year average and down 12 percent from last year. Estimated corn area and yields are below the 5-year average due to an early season drought from March through May. (For more information, contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Forecast Production Decreases as Dryness Reduces Area.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts rice harvested area at 10.9 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month, but on-par with last year. Yield is forecast at 2.85 million tons per hectare, down 1 percent from last month and down slightly from last year. USDA forecasts Thailand 2019/20 rice production at 20.5 million metric tons (milled basis), down 2 percent from last month, but up slightly from last year. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Iraq Rice: Crop Bounces Back from Restricted Area Last Year.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2019/20 Iraq rough rice production at 450,000 metric tons (mt), up 390,000 mt from last month, and up 420,000 mt from last year. Area is forecast at 95,000 hectares (ha), up 79,000 ha from last month, and up 87,000 ha from last year’s restricted area of 8,000 ha. Yield is forecast at 4.74 tons per hectare. Low flow in the Euphrates River in the spring and summer of 2018 forced the Government of Iraq to severely restrict rice planted area. The rice crop for 2018/19 was almost nonexistent as a result. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

Uzbekistan Cotton: Yield Forecast Lowered Due to Extreme Heat.

(Aug 12, 2019)

USDA forecasts Uzbekistan 2019/20 cotton production at 3.0 million 480-lb bales, down 0.3 million bales from last month and last year. Area is forecast at 1.1 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and just slightly down from last year. Yield is forecast at 622 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), down 8 percent from last month. Extremely hot and dry weather from midJuly until early August has been detrimental to the crop. Extended temperatures as high as 42 degrees Celsius occurred at peak flowering, breaking records across Uzbekistan and negatively impacting yields. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Drought in the Main Winter Wheat Growing Region Reduces Production.

(Jul 11, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 74.2 million metric tons (mmt), down 5 percent from last month but up 4 percent from last year. The estimate includes 55.0 mmt of winter wheat and 19.2 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is estimated at 2.82 tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month but up 4 percent from last year. Total area is estimated at 26.3 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Wheat: Drought in the Steppe Zone Reduces Yield.

(Jul 11, 2019)

Ukraine wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at 29.0 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month and up 16 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 7.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 4 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 4.14 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month but up 11 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease in yield is attributed to hot and dry weather in the Steppe Zone, which accounts for about half of Ukraine’s production. MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in the Steppe Zone shows a below-average crop starting in mid-June. All USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Wheat: Down 2.5 million tons Due to Hot, Dry Weather.

(Jul 11, 2019)

European Union (EU) wheat production is estimated at 151.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.5 mmt (2 percent) from last month, but up 14.1 mmt (10 percent) from last year’s poor harvest. Production is estimated to be nearly unchanged from the 5-year average of 151.0 mmt. Area is estimated at 26.5 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but 0.7 mha (3 percent) above last year, and down less than 1 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 5.72 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), down 2 percent from last month, but up 7 percent from last year, and up 1 percent from the 5-year average of 5.66 mt/ha. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Down 1.0 million tons Due to Hot, Dry Conditions.

(Jul 11, 2019)

European Union (EU) rapeseed production is estimated at 18.7 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt (5 percent) from last month, down 1.4 mmt (7 percent) from last year, and 15 percent below the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 5.75 million hectares (mha), down 0.05 mha (1 percent) from last month, and down 1.3 mha (19 percent) from last year and 14 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 3.25 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), down 4 percent from last month, but up 15 percent from last year, and equivalent to the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Canada Rapeseed: Decreased Harvested Area.

(Jul 11, 2019)

Canada rapeseed production for 2019/20 is forecast at 20.1 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 1.0 mmt from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 8.4 million hectares (mha), down 0.4 mha from last month and down 0.7 mha from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.39 tons per hectare, down slightly from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. Statistics Canada’s June Field Crop Survey indicated lower planted area of rapeseed in favor of other crops such as corn and barley. In the top three rapeseed producing provinces, reported area was down 7 percent in Saskatchewan, 13 percent in Alberta and 3 percent in Manitoba. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rapeseed: Dry Conditions Persist in Major Growing Regions.

(Jul 11, 2019)

Australia rapeseed production for 2019/20 is forecast at 2.6 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.1 mmt (30 percent) from last month, but up 19 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 2.0 million hectares (mha), down 26 percent from last month, but up 6 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.30 tons per hectare, down 5 percent from last month and 1 percent below the five-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Yield Up 9 Percent from Last Year.

(Jul 11, 2019)

USDA forecasts India cotton production for 2019/20 at 29.0 million 480-pound bales, up 2 percent from last month and 9 percent from the previous year. Harvested area is forecast at 12.6 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month and unchanged from last year. The increase is based upon an assumption of a normal southwest monsoon and increased area in the northern states. Yield is forecast at 501 kilograms per hectare, up 9 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Malaysia Palm Oil: Estimated Production Increases for 2018/19.

(Jul 11, 2019)

USDA estimates Malaysia 2018/19 production at 21.0 million metric tons, up 2 percent from last month, up 7 percent from last year and up 8 percent from the 5-year average. The month-to-month production increase corresponds to favorable weather in the main palm oil producing regions leading to above-average monthly crude palm oil production accumulations, according to the Malaysian Palm Oil Board monthly production statistics. Since January 2019, monthly production, as compared to last year, has been higher than expected as seen in the chart above. Palm oil is harvested every 10 days and requires between 150 to 200 millimeters of rainfall each month to yield normally. Harvested area is estimated at 5.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 2 percent from last year and up 6 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 3.96 metric tons per hectare up 2 percent from last month, 5 percent from last year, and 1 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Wheat: Record Yield Expected.

(Jun 11, 2019)

Ukraine wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at 30.0 million metric tons, up 3 percent from last month and up 20 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 7.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 4 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 4.29 tons per hectare, up 3 percent from last month and up 15 percent from last year. The month-to-month increase in yield is attributed to favorable weather in the Steppe Zone, which accounts for about half of Ukraine’s production. Landsat imagery shows favorable conditions compared to last year. Additionally, MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in the Steppe Zone depicts an above-average crop. All USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Spring Wheat Planting Nearly Complete; Good Conditions for Winter Wheat.

(Jun 11, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at 78.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year. The forecast includes 58.8 mmt of winter wheat and 19.2 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production forecasts for Russia exclude forecast output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is forecast at 2.94 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. Total area remains unchanged at 26.5 million hectares. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

India Wheat: Wheat Estimated at Record Production.

(Jun 11, 2019)

USDA estimates 2019/20 India wheat production at 101.2 million metric tons, up 1 percent from last month and from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 29.8 million hectares, up slightly from last year. This minor revision from last month is based on the India’s Ministry of Agriculture third advance estimates. Yield is estimated at a record 3.39 metric ton per hectare, up about 1 percent from last year. Ideal growing conditions boosted yields and led to record production. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Wheat: Mixed Weather Conditions with Drought in Spain; Favorable Rains in East.

(Jun 11, 2019)

European Union (EU) wheat production for 2019/20 is estimated at 153.8 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month, but up 16.6 mmt (12 percent) from last year’s drought-stricken crop, and 2 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 26.5 million hectares, down 50 thousand hectares from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.81 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but up 9 percent from last year and up 2 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

European Union Rapeseed: Unchanged Production Despite Mixed Conditions.

(Jun 11, 2019)

European Union (EU) rapeseed production is forecast at 19.7 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month, but down 0.4 mmt (2 percent) from last year and 10 percent below the 5-year average. Area is forecast at 5.8 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month but down 1.3 mha (18 percent) from last year and 14 percent below the 5-year average. Area is especially low this year because of dryness at planting and emergence. Significant area was replanted in the spring to other crops such as barley and corn. Yield is forecast at 3.40 tons per hectare, down 20 percent from last year, but up 4 percent over the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Canada Corn: Delayed Planting Due to Unfavorable Wetness.

(Jun 11, 2019)

Canada corn production for 2019/20 is forecast at 14.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.4 mmt from last month but up 0.1 mmt from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.4 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha from last month and down 30 thousand hectares from last year. Yield is forecast at 10.00 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. The month-to-month decreases in forecast area and yield are attributed to excessive rainfall that delayed planting in Eastern Canada (Ontario and Quebec). At the end of May, Ontario and Quebec are both currently at 50 percent planted as compared to last year, which was about 75 percent and 87 percent complete, respectively. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: Continued Rains Boost Second-Crop Corn Yields for 2018/19.

(Jun 11, 2019)

USDA estimates Brazil’s 2018/19 corn production at a record 101.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (1 percent) from last month, and up 19.0 mmt (23 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 17.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 5.77 metric tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month, up 17 percent from last year’s crop which was affected by drought, and 11 percent higher than the 5-year average. This year’s first-crop corn yields were reduced by dry weather in parts of the southeast and northeast. For second-crop corn, however, bumper yields are estimated. The second corn crop was planted earlier than average and benefited from extensive and extended rainfall. Satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in major second-crop corn areas indicated a well-developed crop with higher yield prospects in all regions. Harvest is underway in the major corn regions and will continue into September. (For more information, contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Record Corn Area Expected.

(Jun 11, 2019)

USDA forecasts the 2019/20 Argentina corn production at 50 million metric tons up 2 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at a record 6.1 million hectares, up nearly 2 percent from last month and up 3 percent from last year. Prospects for increased corn area are likely due to expectations of higher prices. Yield is forecast at 8.20 tons per hectare, up nearly 1 percent from last month, but down 1 percent from last year. Planting will begin in mid- to late-September depending on moisture and temperature conditions. (For additional information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Spain Barley: Dryness Lowers Crop Prospects.

(Jun 11, 2019)

Spain barley production for 2019/20 is estimated at 7.2 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.4 mmt (16 percent) from the last month, and down 1.8 mmt (20 percent) from last year. Production is estimated to be 5 percent below the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 2.6 million hectares, down 50 thousand hectares (2 percent) from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.77 tons per hectare, down 14 percent from last month, down 21 percent from last year, and 4 percent below the 5-year-average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Madagascar Rice: Favorable Production for Two Consecutive Years .

(Jun 11, 2019)

Madagascar’s 2019/20 milled rice production is estimated at 2.7 million metric tons, up 8 percent from last month, up 11 percent from the 5-year average, but down 2 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 1.5 million hectares, up 2 percent from the 5-year average and unchanged from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.80 metric tons per hectare, up 11 percent from the 5-year average, but down 2 percent from last year. (For more information, contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Forecast Production Expected to Increase Due to Expansion in Planted Area.

(Jun 11, 2019)

USDA forecasts Thailand 2019/20 rice production at 20.9 million metric tons (milled-base), down 1 percent from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Although Thailand’s production forecast has increased year to year, the month-to-month decrease is due to lower area as farmers assess farm gate prices for fragrant rice. Thailand rice is cultivated in two seasons, the main (rainy) season beginning in June through July – which represents about 70 percent of total production. The dryseason rice crop is the remaining 30 percent and is mostly irrigated. Total harvested area is forecast at 11.0 million hectares, up slightly from last year. Yield is expected to remain relatively stable at 2.88 metric tons per hectare (t/ha) up from 2.86 t/ha last year. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Cotton: Higher Area and Increased Yield Prospects Boosts Output for 2018/19.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Brazil’s 2018/19 cotton production at a record 12.8 million 480-lb bales, up 1.0 million bales (8 percent) from last month, and up 3.6 million bales (39 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.6 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month and up 36 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 1,747 kilograms per hectare, up 7 percent from last month and surpassing the prior record (2017/18) by 2 percent. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

China Cotton: 2019/20 Production Projected Same as Last Year.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts China’s 2019/20 cotton production at 27.8 million 480-pound bales (6.04 million metric tons), unchanged from last year, and up 7 percent from the 5-year average. Area is predicted at 3.5 million hectares, down 1 percent from last year. Yield is predicted at 1,751 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 1 percent from last year and up 6 percent from the 5-year average. Cotton yield has increased due to the large share of cotton planted in Xinjiang province where yield is nearly twice the national average. China’s major cotton production regions are in Xinjiang, Shandong, Hebei, and Jiangsu provinces. In recent years, Xinjiang province has become the top producer with nearly 80 percent of the total national cotton production. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov).

Brazil Corn: Production Up 22 Percent for 2018/19.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Brazil’s 2018/19 corn production at a record 100.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 4.0 mmt (4 percent) from last month, and up 18.0 mmt (22 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 17.5 million hectares (mha), up 0.3 mha (2 percent) from last month and up 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 5.71 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 16 percent from last year’s crop, which was affected by drought in southern and eastern corn regions. (For more information, contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Russia Wheat: 2019/20 Forecast Yield Would Be the Second Highest on Record.

(May 10, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at 77.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 7 percent from last year. The forecast includes 57.8 mmt of winter wheat and 19.2 mmt of spring wheat. USDA crop production forecasts for Russia exclude forecast output from Crimea. Total wheat yield is forecast at 2.91 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last year. Total area is expected to increase slightly from last year at 26.5 million hectares. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov).

Algeria Wheat: Excellent Conditions in the East Expected to Drive Up 2019/20 Production.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts Algeria wheat production for 2019/20 at a record 4.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.1 mmt or 2 percent above last year’s record and 55 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 2.1 million hectares (mha), slightly higher than last year but 20 percent above the 5-year average. Yield is forecast at a record 1.90 metric tons per hectare, slightly higher than last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov).

Tunisia Wheat: Ideal Weather the Catalyst for Record Yields in 2019/20.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts Tunisia wheat production for 2019/20 at a bumper 1.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt (40 percent) from last year and 36 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 0.6 million hectares (mha), 16 percent above last year and 8 percent above the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 2.42 metric tons per hectare, up 21 percent from last year and 27 percent above the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov).

Morocco Wheat: Drought Cuts Expectations; 2019/20 Crop Estimated Down 40 Percent from Last Year.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA estimates Morocco wheat production for 2019/20 at 4.4 million metric tons (mmt), down 2.9 mmt (40 percent) from last year and 28 percent below the 5-year average. Area is estimated down 0.1 million hectares (4 percent) from last year and 7 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is forecast at 1.60 metric tons per hectare, down 38 percent from last year and down 20 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov).

Syria Wheat: 2019/20 Production Rebounds from Last Year’s Drought By 140 Percent .

(May 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts Syria wheat production for 2019/20 at 4.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 140 percent from last year’s crop of 2.0 mmt. Harvested area is forecast at 1.6 million hectares, up 45 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 3.00 metric tons per hectare, up 65 percent from last year’s drought. Rainfall has been abundant the entire season since the start of planting in late October. The high-producing northern provinces have received significantly more precipitation than normal. Satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), which is a measure of plant biomass, has been at record levels throughout the growing period. Most of the crop is in the flowering and maturation stages. Harvest will begin in late May. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

Iraq Wheat: 2019/20 Production up 60 Percent Due to Abundant Precipitation.

(May 10, 2019)

Iraq wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at 4.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 60 percent from last year’s crop of 3.0 mmt. Harvested area is forecast at 2.4 million hectares, up 41 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 2.00 metric tons per hectare, up 13 percent from last year. Last year the high producing northern provinces suffered from drought and conflict. This year, however the entire country received well-above- average precipitation. Resulting yields and production are at record levels as indicated by record high satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The winter grains crop is in late flowering and maturation stage. Harvest will begin in late May and continues through late July. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

Iran Wheat: Record Yield and Production for 2019/20.

(May 10, 2019)

Iran wheat production for 2019/20 is forecast at a record 16.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.3 mmt from last year’s crop of 14.5 mmt. Harvested area is forecast at 6.7 million hectares, unchanged from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 2.51 metric tons per hectare, up 16 percent from last year. High levels of precipitation have greatly benefited the winter grains crop. Some flooding was reported by local sources; however, damage appears to be minimal as observed by Sentinel-2a satellite image analysis. Most of the winter grains crop is in the flowering stage, with a few fields ready to begin harvest in the warmer southern provinces. Harvest will begin in late May and continues through late July. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

India Wheat: 2019/20 Estimated at Record Production.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA estimates 2019/20 India wheat production at 100.0 million metric tons, up slightly from the previous year because of ideal growing conditions which boosted yields. Area harvested is estimated at 29.8 million hectares, down slightly from 2018. Yield is estimated to reach record levels or 3.35 metric tons per hectare, up about 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov).

EU Rapeseed: Fall Dryness Resulted in Significant Area Reduction for 2019/20.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts rapeseed production in the European Union (EU) for 2019/20 at 19.7 million metric tons (mmt), 0.4 mmt (2 percent) below last year, and down 10 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 5.8 million hectares (mha), 1.3 mha (18 percent) below last year’s record area, and 14 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is forecast to rebound to 3.40 tons per hectare, up 20 percent from last year and up 4 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov).

Indonesia Palm Oil: 2019/20 Forecast Production to Increase from Last Year.

(May 10, 2019)

USDA forecasts Indonesia 2019/20 palm oil production at 43.0 million tons, up 1.5 million (4 percent) from last year. The year-to-year production increase is attributed mainly to area expansion as yield is expected to be slightly down from 2018/19. Mature palm area is forecast at 11.8 million hectares, up 4 percent from 2018/19. Annual yield growth has been significant following the 2015/16 El Niño event where dry weather negatively impacted yields in both Sumatra and Kalimantan–yield from 2015/16 to 2018/19 increased by 17 percent. Yield for 2019/20, however, is forecast at 3.66 tons per hectare down, slightly from last year due to a significant decline in crude palm oil prices during the last quarter of 2018/19 as both large- and small-holder plantations reduced fertilizer applications. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).