South Africa Corn: Drought Will Lower Production from Last Year.

(Apr 09, 2019)

South Africa’s 2018/19 corn production is forecast at 11.0 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month and down 2.1 mmt (16 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 0.23 mha (9 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 4.58 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, down 8 percent from last year and down slightly from the 5-year average. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 95 percent of the total crop. (For additional information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: Production Estimated Higher.

(Apr 09, 2019)

Corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 96.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.5 mmt (2 percent) from last month, and up 14.0 mmt (17 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 17.2 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.58 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 13 percent from last year’s drought-affected crop. Dry weather in parts of the southeast and northeast reduced first-crop corn yields. However, second-crop yield prospects remain positive for a crop that has received favorable weather thus far in the season and was planted earlier than average. (For additional information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

EU Corn: Production Revised Up.

(Apr 09, 2019)

European Union (EU) corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 63.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.1 mmt (3 percent) from last month, up 0.9 mmt (1 percent) from last year, but down 3 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 8.3 million hectares (mha), up 0.2 million (2 percent) from last month, but still down 0.1 mha (1 percent) from last year and down 9 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 7.62 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month, up 3 percent from last year, and 7 percent above the 5-year average. (For additional information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Afghanistan Barley: Production Down Due to Low Precipitation.

(Apr 09, 2019)

Barley production for 2018/19 is estimated at 0.2 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.2 mmt from last month’s estimate, and down 0.2 mmt or 43 percent from last year. Harvested area is now estimated at 0.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha from last month and down 40 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.33 metric tons per hectare, down 5 percent from last month, and down 24 percent from last year. Untimely and extended dryness particularly affected yields in northern barley areas. Recent reports confirm the decrease in production. (For additional information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov).

Brazil Soybeans: Output Revised Upward.

(Apr 09, 2019)

Brazil soybean production for 2018/19 is estimated at 117.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month but down 4 percent from last year’s record crop of 122.0 mmt. Harvested area is estimated at 36.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month, up 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.24 metric tons per hectare, up slightly from last month but still 7 percent below last year’s record. Yields were down from last year in drought-affected states in the Center-West and Southeast regions. In Rio Grande do Sul, however, favorable weather boosted yields compared to last year when drought in the southern half of the state reduced yields. Most of the crop in Rio Grande do Sul is in pod-filling and maturation stages. Nationally more than 75 percent of the crop has been harvested. (For additional information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Argentina Sunflower: Production Revised Up.

(Apr 09, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Argentina sunflower production at 3.6 million metric tons, up almost 3 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.8 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and up almost 6 percent over last year. Yield is forecast at 2.03 tons per hectare, up less than 2 percent from last month, still down nearly 4 percent from last year but up nearly 2 percent from the 5-year average. Sunflower harvest has reached 80 percent complete and has not been impeded by scattered rains. Sunflower can be followed by wheat in rotation, and a rapid sunflower harvest allows farmers ample time to prepare for wheat planting. (For additional information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Sri Lanka Rice: Production Rebounds .

(Apr 09, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Sri Lanka rice production at 2.96 million metric tons (4.35 rough), up 32 percent from last year due to improved conditions. After two years of drought, rainfall was recorded at average levels in the main producing areas. Consequently, area harvested returned to average levels. Area is estimated at 1.1 million hectares, up 43 percent from last year, but yield is estimated at 3.96 metric tons per hectare, down nearly 8 percent. The 8-percent drop in yield is due to damage from the fall army worm and flooding during the yala season. (For additional information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov).

China Cotton: Production is Higher than Last Year.

(Apr 09, 2019)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 cotton production at 27.8 million 480-pound bales (6.42 million metric tons), up 1 percent from last month and from last year, and up 3 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 3.5 million hectares (mha), up 0.2 mha (4 percent) and up 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1,726 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha) down 3.4 percent from last month and down 2 percent from last year’s record of 1,761 kg/ha, but still up 8 percent from the 5-year average of 1,602 kg/ha. (For additional information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov).

Australia Cotton: Production Estimate Down 48 Percent from Last Year.

(Mar 08, 2019)

The 2018/19 Australia cotton crop is estimated at 2.5 million 480-pound bales (0.544 million metric tons), down 0.1 million bales or 4 percent from last month and down 2.3 million bales or 48 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 43 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,814 kilograms per hectare, 6 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

India Rapeseed: Ideal Weather Boosts Expected Production.

(Mar 08, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 India rapeseed production at 6.6 million metric tons, up 10 percent from the previous forecast, and up 2 percent from last year. Area is forecast at 6.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is forecast at 1.10 metric tons per hectare, up 10 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. The 2- percent increase in yield is due to ideal growing weather in northern India. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Output Further Reduced.

(Mar 08, 2019)

Brazil soybean production for 2018/19 is estimated at 116.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt from last month and down 4 percent from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 36.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.23 metric tons per hectare, down slightly from last month and 6 percent below last year’s record crop. Production estimates for drought-affected states in the Center-West and Southeast regions were revised downward but partially offset by gains in regions of Mato Grosso, unaffected by drought, and in Rio Grande do Sul where the developing crop is benefiting from favorable weather. Nationally more than 45 percent of the crop has been harvested. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Third Highest Production on Record.

(Mar 08, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 71.7 million metric tons (mmt), up slightly from last month and down 13.3 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 52.5 mmt of winter wheat and 19.2 mmt of spring wheat (excludes about 0.5 mmt estimated output from Crimea). The month-to-month increase is based on final data released by Rosstat, Russia’s state statistical agency. Harvested area for total wheat is estimated at 26.3 million hectares (mha) – 14.9 mha winter (a record) and 11.4 mha spring. Winter wheat area has been increasing for the last six years while spring wheat area has been declining for the last three. Total-wheat yield for Russia is estimated at 2.72 tons per hectare, down slightly from last month. This yield is the second highest on record and is the result of favorable conditions during the growing season. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Iraq Wheat: Lower Production Estimate Based on Below Normal Precipitation.

(Mar 08, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Iraq wheat production at 3.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month, and down 25 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.7 million hectares (mha), down 0.6 mha from last month, and down 23 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.77 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month, but down 3 percent from last year. Recent reports confirm the decrease in production. The province of Nineveh in northern Iraq is a significant contributor to Iraq’s wheat production. This region is located just southwest of the city of Mosul and is highly rainfall dependent. Below-normal spring precipitation exacerbated an already difficult situation due to the ongoing conflict in that area. In addition, low flow in the Tigris River, which is the primary water supply for the irrigated crop in this region, was also reported to have reduced crop production. Iraq’s 2018/19 wheat harvest began in May and completed in July 2018. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkmenistan Wheat: Low River Flow and Poor Weed Control Decrease Production.

(Mar 08, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkmenistan wheat production at 0.7 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.2 mmt from last month, and down 30 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.8 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, and down 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 0.93 tons per hectare, down 22 percent from last month. Recent in-country reports indicate a decrease in production. The northern wheat crop depends on irrigation from the Amu Darya River. Low river flow conditions were observed by satellite imagery in this region during the growing season and substantiated by significantly decreased 2017-2018 snow cover observations in the Pamir Mountains (yellow in the chart). The Pamir Mountains, located in Tajikistan, are the main water source for the Amu Darya River. In addition, poor weed control contributed to lower yield prospects. Harvest of the 2018/19 wheat crop occurred in the summer of 2018. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

India Rice: Production Revised Up.

(Mar 08, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India rice production at 116.0 million metric tons (milled), up 5 percent from the previous estimate and up 3 percent from last year. Area planted is forecast at 44.5 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 3.91 metric tons per hectare, up about 1 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov)

Australia Sorghum: Heat and Dryness Reduce Production Prospects.

(Mar 08, 2019)

Australia sorghum production for 2018/19 is estimated at 1.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.7 mmt or 35 percent from last month, and down 0.14 mmt or 10 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.54 million hectares (mha), down 28 percent from last month, but up 0.09 mha or 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.41 tons per hectare, down 10 percent from last month and 16 percent below the five-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov)

India Corn: Production Forecast Revised Up.

(Mar 08, 2019)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 India corn production at 27.8 million metric tons, up nearly 7 percent from last month but down 3 percent from last year. Area is forecast at 9.2 million hectares (mha), unchanged from the previous forecast and down slightly from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.02 metric tons per hectare, up nearly 7 percent from last month but down 3 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov).

South Africa Corn: Drought Reduces Production Forecast .

(Mar 08, 2019)

South Africa’s 2018/19 corn production is forecast at 11.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt (4 percent) from last month and down 2.1 mmt (16 percent) from last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 95 percent of the total crop. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 0.23 mha (9 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 4.58 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month, down 8 percent from last year and down 1 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: Area Down and Yield Up.

(Mar 08, 2019)

Corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 94.5 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month, but up 12.5 mmt or 15 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 17.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.3 mha or 2 percent from last month but up 4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 5.49 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 11 percent from last year’s crop which was affected by untimely and extended dryness that lowered yields in southern, second-crop corn production areas. This year’s second-crop yield is estimated higher due to rapid earlier-than-average planting and favorable early-season weather. (For more information, contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov)

South Africa Corn: Drought Reduces Production Forecast .

(Feb 08, 2019)

South Africa’s 2018/19 corn production is forecast at 11.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt or 4 percent from December and down 2.0 mmt (15 percent) from last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 95 percent of the total crop. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from December and down 0.23 mha or 9 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 4.8 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from December and down 7 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Romania Corn: Ideal Weather and Improved Input Use Raise Record Harvest Further.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Romania corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at a record 14.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt (4 percent) from December, up 2.1 mmt (18 percent) from last year, and 31 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from December, down 0.1 mha (4 percent) from last year, and down 6 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 5.83 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from December, up 23 percent from last year and up 39 percent from the 5-year average. Romania represents 23 percent of the total 2018/19 European Union (EU) production, the largest in the EU, significantly ahead of the second largest producer, France, which had a poor crop. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: State Statistical Agency Reports Record Yield .

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 35.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from December, up 11.4 mmt from last year and 4.6 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Harvest was complete in December. The estimated harvested area is 4.55 million hectares (mha), up 0.05 mha from December. Yield is estimated at a record 7.80 metric tons per hectare and is attributed to favorable conditions throughout the growing season. The increased estimate is based on preliminary harvest data from the State Statistical Service of Ukraine. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Production Estimate Up 41 Percent from Last Year.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Argentina corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 46.0 million metric tons, up 8 percent from December and 44 percent from last season. Area is estimated at 5.5 million hectares, up 6 percent from December and 6 percent higher than last year. Area is increased due to late planting of early-season hybrids. The estimated yield of 8.36 tons per hectare is 2 percent higher than December’s yield and 36 percent higher than last year. Both early-planted and late-planted crops benefited from timely rains in areas affected by the early-season dryness in Cordoba province. Late January rains were positive in most areas; however, in Santa Fe and in the northern provinces the rains resulted in excessive soil moisture. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Argentina Wheat: Harvest Complete.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates Argentina wheat production for 2018/19 at 19.2 million metric tons (mmt), down less than 2 percent from December and up 4 percent from last season. Area is estimated at 6.1 million hectares (mha), down 2 percent from December and up 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.15 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from December and down 1 percent from last year. The season started with adequate subsoil moisture during emergence and establishment, but rains stopped and only began again during the beginning of grain-fill. Dryness in Cordoba during jointing through booting reduced yield potential. Late-season rain impeded harvest in Santa Fe and in the northern regions of the country. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

Russia Wheat: Second Highest Yield on Record .

(Feb 08, 2019)

Russia wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 71.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.6 mmt from December and down 13.4 mmt from last year’s record crop. The estimate includes 51.0 mmt of winter wheat and 20.6 mmt of spring wheat (excludes about 0.5 mmt estimated output from Crimea). (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Production Down Due to Drought.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Brazil soybean production for 2018/19 is estimated at 117.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 5 mmt or 4 percent from December and 3 percent from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 36.1 million hectares, down slightly from December, but up 3 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.24 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from December and 6 percent below last year’s record, which benefited from favorable weather. Generally favorable weather at the start of the season was followed by irregular rainfall with sustained periods of dryness in portions of the South and Center-West regions. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Sorghum: Heat and Dryness Reduce Production Prospects.

(Feb 08, 2019)

Australia sorghum production for 2018/19 is estimated at 2.0 million tons (mmt), down 0.2 mmt or 9 percent from December, but up 0.6 mmt or 39 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 0.75 million hectares (mha), unchanged from December, but up 0.22 mha or 41 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.67 tons per hectare, down 9 percent from December and 7 percent below the five-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov,)

Australia Cotton: Production Estimate Increased.

(Feb 08, 2019)

The 2018/19 Australia cotton crop is estimated at 2.6 million 480-pound bales (0.566 million metric tons), up 0.1 million bales from December but down 2.1 million or 45 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.3 million hectares, unchanged from December, but down 43 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,887 kilograms per hectare, 2 percent below the 5- year average. Yield is expected to increase from last year because of an estimated decrease in the share of the area sown to lower-yielding dryland cotton. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: End of Season Rain Reduces Harvest Estimate.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkey cotton production at 3.7 million 480-pound bales, down 0.6 million from December, and down 8 percent from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 520,000 hectares, unchanged from December, up 11 percent from last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,549 kilograms per hectare, down 14 percent from December. Planting began with ample soil moisture, and in some areas excessive rainfall necessitated replanting. Weather was favorable with good growing conditions except for isolated areas of excessive rainfall at harvest in the Aegean and GAP (Southeastern Anatolia) regions. Harvest was complete in December. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

China Cotton: Production Increased Due to Record Yield.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 cotton production at 27.5 million 480-pound bales (5.99 million metric tons), up 1.9 percent from December, unchanged from last year, and up 1.9 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 3.35 million hectares, unchanged from the previous estimate, but down 1.5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 1,787 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 1.8 percent from the previous estimate and up 1.5 percent from last year’s record of 1,761 kg/ha. The projected yield is slightly above the long-term trend due to an increased share of cotton planted in Xinjiang province where yield is nearly twice the national average. The major production regions are in Xinjiang, Shandong, Hebei, and Jiangsu provinces. The 2018/19 season was characterized by favorable weather and soil moisture across the major cotton growing regions, facilitating rapid planting and favorable crop establishment. For 2017/18 and 2018/19, Xinjiang province produced nearly 78 percent of the total national cotton production. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

India Cotton: Weak 2018 Southwest Monsoon Results in Lower Cotton Production.

(Feb 08, 2019)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India cotton production at 27.0 million 480-pound bales, down nearly 7 percent from 2017/18. The area is estimated at 12.3 million hectares, down almost 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 480 kilograms per hectare, down slightly from December and down 5 percent from last year. The yield adjustment is due to the rainfall deficit and pest infestation in the major cotton producing areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Harvest Reports Cite Record Production .

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 35.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.5 mmt from last month, up 10.9 mmt from last year and 4.1 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Yield is estimated at 7.78 metric tons per hectare, 4 percent above last month and 43 percent above last year. The high yield is attributed to favorable growing conditions throughout the season. The estimated harvested area is unchanged at 4.5 million hectares. The yield reported by the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food as of December 4, 2018 was 21 percent above the previous high for that date. Harvest is 97 percent complete and will continue until mid-December. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Romania Corn: Estimated Production Breaks 1984 Record.

(Dec 11, 2018)

Romania corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at a record 13.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.9 mmt (7 percent) from last month, up 1.6 mmt (13 percent) from last year, and 26 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, down 0.1 mha (4 percent) from last year, and down 6 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 5.63 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month, up 18 percent from last year and up 34 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

South Africa Corn: Planting Continues Under Drought Conditions .

(Dec 11, 2018)

South Africa’s 2018/19 corn production is forecast at 12.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1 million tons from last month (8 percent) and down 1.5 mmt (11 percent) from last year. The USDA forecast includes output from both the developing and commercial sectors, with the commercial sector accounting for approximately 95 percent of the total crop. Area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 mha from last month (8 percent) and down 0.23 mha from last year (9 percent). Planting is currently underway but behind schedule due to below-average rainfall from October through early December. Additional rainfall is needed in December to improve soil moisture conditions for corn germination and establishment. Planting is expected to conclude by mid-January. Yield is forecast at 5.0 metric tons per hectare, slightly above the 10-year trend (2 percent) and it assumes normal weather for the remainder of the growing season. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Soybeans: Record Production Forecast due to Higher Yield.

(Dec 11, 2018)

Brazil soybean production for 2018/19 is forecast at a record 122 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.5 mmt (1 percent) from last month and up 1 percent from the previous year. Harvested area is estimated at 36.2 million hectares, down 3 percent from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. Soybean area expansion continues for the thirteenth straight year, with the most significant 2018/19 gains forecast for the Center-West region and the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Planting has progressed at a faster-than-average pace, with planting already more than 90 percent complete. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

India Rapeseed: Production Forecast Down due to Drop in Area.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 India rapeseed production at 6.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.45 mmt from 2017. Area is forecast at 6.0 million hectares (mha), down 0.5 mha from last month and unchanged from last year. This nearly 8- percent drop in area is due to drier and warmer conditions at planting. Yield is forecast at 1.0 metric ton per hectare, unchanged from last month and down nearly 7 percent from last year. As of November 11, 2018, the Ministry of Agriculture reported that rapeseed planting is 95 percent complete at 5.78 mha. The major rapeseed producers are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Indonesia Palm Oil: Estimated Production Increased Due to Higher Yield .

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Indonesia 2018/19 palm oil production at 41.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt from last month and up 2.0 mmt from last year. The production increase is driven by high yields as favorable weather has benefited the crop. The estimated yield increase would mark the third consecutive year of rebounding yields following the 2015/16 El Niño event, which hit palmproducing areas in southern Sumatra and Kalimantan. Yield is estimated at 3.67 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 11.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Estimated Production Decreases on Limited Water Supplies.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Thailand 2018/19 rice production at 20.7 million metric tons (milled basis), down 2 percent from last month but up 2 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 11 million hectares, down 2 percent from last month but up 3 percent from last year. The month-to-month area change was attributed to insufficient water supplies for the dry-season (second-season) crop in the northern and northeastern regions, which accounts for 10 percent of the total dry-season rice production. The dry-season crop accounts for about 30 percent of total rice production. Reservoir levels in the northern and northeastern regions were reported by Thailand’s Royal Irrigation Department at 48 percent lower than last year’s levels due to unusually low rainfall, most notably in the southern part of the northern region. Yield is estimated at 2.86 tons per hectare, down slightly from last month and last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov.)

Nigeria Rice: Record Production Expected .

(Dec 11, 2018)

Nigeria’s 2018/19 milled rice production is estimated at a record 4.79 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (27 percent) from last month and up 0.1 mmt (3 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 3.6 million hectares (mha), up 0.4 mha (13 percent) from last month and unchanged from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.11 metric tons per hectare, up 13 percent from last month and up 11 percent from the 5-year average. Seasonal rainfall was average to above average during the 2018 growing season, with September floods in the north-central part of the country slightly reducing potential output. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rice: Estimated Production Revised Down 76 Percent from Last Year.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 rice crop at 153,000 metric tons on a rough basis (110,000 tons milled), down 0.3 mmt (73 percent) from last month, and down 340,000 tons (76 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 15,000 hectares, down 40,000 hectares from last month and down 45,000 hectares (75 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 10.20 tons per hectare. The sharp decrease in estimated area is attributed to very limited availability of affordable water for irrigation and reduced water allocations in southern New South Wales. Water storage is down due to several months of drought in the catchment region. Rice is predominately produced in southern New South Wales as an irrigated crop. The Murray River and the Murrumbidgee River each contribute nearly half of the water used for irrigation. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Wheat: Estimated Production Revised Down.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 17.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt (3 percent) from last month, and down 4.3 mmt (20 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.0 million hectares (mha), down 0.8 mha from last month and down 2.25 mha (18 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.70 tons per hectare, 17 percent below the 5-year average. Persistent dryness and subsoil moisture deficits in major portions of Australia’s winter crop region contributed to an estimated 17-percent drop in yield from the 5-year average. Precipitation has been well below average since major sowing operations commenced in May. Satellite-derived seasonal vegetation indices from October reveal the sharp differences in crop conditions between Western Australia and New South Wales, the two largest wheat producing states. Winter crops are sown in May and June. Harvest begins in November and is finished by the end of December. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: Harvest Ends with Estimated Record Crop.

(Dec 11, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkey cotton production at 4.3 million 480-pound bales, down 0.2 million from last month, up 8 percent from last year’s record, and up 40 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 520,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, up 11 percent from last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,800 kilograms per hectare, down 4 percent from last month, down 3 percent from last year, but up 9 percent from the 5-year average. Planting began with ample soil moisture, and in some areas excessive rainfall necessitated replanting. Although weather was extremely favorable with exceptional growing conditions throughout the season, localized excessive rainfall and insect damage likely reduced yield in the Aegean and GAP (Southeastern Anatolia) regions. Harvest is complete. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Cotton: Record Production Forecast on Higher Area and Yield.

(Dec 11, 2018)

Brazil cotton production for 2018/19 is forecast at a record 11.0 million 480-lb bales, up 1 million bales (10 percent) from last month, and up 1.8 million bales (19 percent) from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.4 million hectares, up 8 percent from last month and up 19 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,711 kilograms per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and almost equal to last year’s record. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Australia Wheat: Production Estimate Lowered.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 wheat crop at 17.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt (5 percent) from last month, and down 3.8 mmt (18 percent) from last year. Harvested area is expected to total 10.8 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 mha from last month and down 1.45 mha (12 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.62 tons per hectare (t/ha), down from 1.68 t/ha last month and 21 percent below the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Harvest to Shatter Previous Record .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Ukraine corn production for 2018/19 at a record 33.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.5 mmt from last month, up 9.4 mmt from last year and 2.6 mmt above the previous record crop which was harvested in 2013. Yield is now estimated at 7.44 metric tons per hectare, 8 percent above last month and 37 percent above last year, surpassing the 2016/17 yield record by 13 percent. The high yield was attributed to ideal weather throughout the growing season. The harvested area projection is unchanged at 4.5 million hectares. The yield reported by the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food as of November 6, 2018 was 20 percent above the previous high for that date. Harvest is 79 percent complete and will continue through the rest of November. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Corn: Planting Proceeds Despite Showers .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 Argentina corn production at 42.5 million metric tons up almost 4 percent from last month and up 33 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.2 million hectares, up 4 percent from last month and the same as last year. (For additional information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@usda.gov.)

China Corn: Historical Database Revision Results in Significant Updates to 2018/19.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates China’s 2018/19 corn production at 256 million metric tons, up 14 percent from last month, but down 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 6.17 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), slightly higher than last month, up approximately 1 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average of 5.96 t/ha. Area is estimated at 41.5 million hectares, 14 percent above last month’s estimate and down 2 percent from last year. The November revisions are based on census data from the 2018 statistical yearbook published by China’s National Bureau of Statistics in October. The historical revisions entailed significant changes to USDA’s November 2018/19 area and production estimates for China. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

EU Corn: Estimated Production Lowered Due to Area Reduction and Drought.

(Nov 08, 2018)

European Union (EU) corn production for 2018/19 is estimated at 59.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.5 mmt (2 percent) from last month, down 2.6 mmt (4 percent) from last year, and down 8 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 8.1 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 million (2 percent) from last month, down 0.3 mha (4 percent) from last year, and down 12 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 7.39 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, down slightly from last year, but up 4 percent from the 5-year average. (For more information, please contact Bryan.Purcell@fas.usda.gov.)

Russia Sunseed: Yields Improve as Harvest Advances Northward.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Russia sunseed production for 2018/19 at a record 11.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 1.1 mmt from last year. The estimated yield is increased to 1.53 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month, up 6 percent from last year, and slightly surpassing the previous record. The month-to-month increase is based on harvest data from the Ministry of Agriculture. Most of the country’s sunseed is produced in three regions – the Southern District, the Central District, and the Volga District – with each accounting for about 30 percent of total output. The reported yield in the Southern District has been low due to dryness and excessive heat during the growing season but yields in the Central and Volga Districts are likely to reach record or near-record levels. Harvest was about 85 percent complete by the end of October. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

Turkey Cotton: Estimated Production Up 47 Percent from the 5-year Average.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 Turkey cotton production at 4.5 million 480-pound bales, unchanged from last month, up 13 percent from last year’s record, and up 47 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 520,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, up 11 percent from last year and up 30 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 1,884 kilograms per hectare, unchanged from last month, up 2 percent from last year, and up 14 percent from the 5-year average. Planting began with ample soil moisture but in some areas excessive rainfall necessitated replanting. Weather was extremely favorable with exceptional growing conditions throughout the season. Isolated areas of heavy rainfall in the GAP (Southeastern Anatolia) region slowed harvest for a few days with reports of reduced quality. MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values indicate favorable yield prospects. Harvest is complete in the main cotton growing regions. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov.)

African Franc Zone Cotton: Record Production Expected .

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates the 2018/19 cotton production for the African Franc Zone at a record 5.73 million 480-pound bales, up 0.46 million bales (9 percent) from last month and up 0.24 million bales (4 percent) from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 3.03 million hectares, up 0.16 million hectares (6 percent) from last month, but slightly below last year’s record. The estimated yield is 412 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 6 percent from the 5-year average and down 11 percent from the record yield of 463 kg/ha in 1986/87. The African Franc Zone cotton region of western and central Africa includes the following ten countries in order of estimated 2018/19 production: Mali (1,400 thousand bales), Burkina Faso (1,400), Benin (1,275), Cote d’Ivoire (725), Cameroon (500), Togo (230), Chad (120), Senegal (40), Central African Republic (32) and Niger (9). (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Rapeseed: Estimated Production Revised Down.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2018/19 rapeseed crop at 2.6 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.3 mmt (10 percent) from last month, and down 1.1 mmt (29 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 2.3 million hectares (mha), down 50,000 hectares from last month, and down 0.4 mha (15 percent) from last year. The yield estimate of 1.13 tons per hectare is nearly the lowest in the past ten years. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov.)

Argentina Soybeans: Planting Progress Slowed by Rains.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA forecasts 2018/19 Argentina soybean production at 55.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month and up 47 percent from the drought-plagued 2017 season. Harvested area is estimated at 18.5 million hectares, down nearly 3 percent from last month but up 14 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.00 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, up 29 percent from last year, and up 4 percent from the 5-year average. Soybean planting has just begun and is proceeding slowly due to recent rains and cool temperatures. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@fas.usda.gov.)

India Soybeans: Record Yields Boost Production.

(Nov 08, 2018)

USDA estimates 2018/19 India soybean production at 11.0 million metric tons, up nearly 32 percent from 2017/18. Area is estimated to reach 11.0 million hectares, up 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.0 ton per hectare, up 25 percent from both last year and the 5-year average. The high yield is attributed to favorable weather in the major soybean producing areas. (For more information please contact, Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)