Argentina Sorghum Increases due to Higher Demand from China.

(Mar 23, 2021)

Argentina sorghum harvested area for marketing year (MY) 2020/21 has increased from the last four years due to a continuing demand for exports and an uptick in sorghum pricing (Figure 1). Expected harvested area is 730,000 hectares (ha), an increase of 27 percent over last season and 9 percent over the 5-year average (Figure 2). Production in MY 2020 is expected to be 3.20 million metric tons (mmt), 28 percent more than in MY 2019. Sorghum can be grown throughout much of Argentina from the province of Buenos Aires in the south to the northern provinces of the country (Figure 3).

Guyana Rice: Production Ties Record due to New Varieties.

(Mar 17, 2021)

Guyana rice production has overcome past inefficiencies and difficulties to develop a staple food industry that pulls in sizeable export returns to the country. In 2020, the rice market generated over US$238 million from rice sales. Despite the pandemic this past season, Guyana improved export sales by 13 percent over the previous season. The 2020/21 Guyana rice crop climbed to a near-record harvested area due to better variety selection, redesigned water management practices, and improved drainage. The harvested area from both rice crops in 2020 was 187,000 hectares (ha), an increase of 5 percent over the previous season and 13 percent above the 2018 season. Estimated yield for 2020 was 4 percent below that in 2019 due to less timely rainfall, and less than 1 percent below the 5-year average. Rough and milled production in 2020 was equal to that in the record production season of 2015/16 (Figure 1) and above that of 2016 through 2019. Production was 1 percent above that in 2019 and 9 percent above the 5- year average.

Uruguay Soybeans Increase in Planted Area for Marketing Year 2020/21.

(Mar 11, 2021)

Uruguay soybean area has varied over the years based on crop pricing and export potential. This season, more soybeans were planted than in the past two years. Planted area is expected to be around 1.01 million hectares (mha) with an expected harvested area of about 1.00 mha, a drop of less than 1 percent. The expected harvested area is 9 percent higher than last season, but only 4 percent more than in marketing year (MY) 2018/19. With other summer grains, such as sorghum and corn commanding good prices over the last two seasons, less soybeans were grown as compared to many of the previous years and this year. The volatility of soybean planted area is expected to continue in Uruguay based on the fickle nature of soybean prices and export potential for this country.

Canada: Outlook for MY2021/22 and Seasonal Summary for 2020/21.

(Mar 09, 2021)

Market Year 2021/22 Outlook Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) forecasts area seeded for feed grains and oilseeds to increase due to tight carry-over stocks and strong prices, particularly for rapeseed, soybeans and barley. Despite positive prices and tight carry-over stocks, area for oats is expected to decrease, yielding to more profitable crops. Corn area is expected to decrease due to lower prices and preference for more profitable oilseeds.

Ukraine: Sown Area for 2021/22 Winter Crops and Early Season Conditions.

(Mar 01, 2021)

Ukraine grows several winter crops, including wheat, barley, rye, and rapeseed, but the most prevalent of these is wheat, which dominates the winter crop landscape and accounts for about 75 percent of total winter crop area for the 2021/22 season. Winter wheat is typically planted from about early September to mid-November, but planting was delayed during the 2020 autumn due to dry conditions prior to seeding in August (see Figures 1 and 2). According to industry sources, many farmers opted to wait until decent rains occurred to plant winter wheat. Once the crop was planted and emerged, establishment conditions, as shown by the satellite-derived MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), were mixed throughout the country (see Figure 3). Some oblasts indicated above average establishment conditions, such as in Odessa and Nikolayev. Establishment conditions in other oblasts indicated below average conditions, such as in Dnipropetrovsk and Kharkiv. While conditions in autumn were not favorable, spring weather conditions are more important in determining final yield.

Russia: Seasonal Summary for the 2020/21 Season.

(Jan 22, 2021)

Russia finished harvesting the final crops for the market year (MY) 2020/21 season in early December. Overall, Russia had an above-average season, with several crops hitting record or near-record production. This was due, in part, to favorable weather and growing conditions throughout both the Central and Volga Districts, which boosted yields for both winter and spring crops in those areas. The introduction of improved seed varieties throughout Russia helped to boost yields further.

India Cotton: Record Area and Production .

(Sep 30, 2020)

USDA estimates India’s harvested cotton area to reach record levels at 13.4 million hectares (mha), up nearly 1 percent from 2019 (Figure 1). Yields are forecast to reach 487 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), down nearly 1 percent from last month and down nearly 2 percent from 2019 as farmers expand plantings in lower-yielding, non-irrigated areas and contend with pest infestations. Production is forecast at 30.0 million 480-pound bales, up nearly 2 percent from 2019/20.

Canada: Record Wheat Yield, with favorable conditions for other crops in 2020/21.

(Sep 29, 2020)

Favorable weather conditions during the growing season have led to above-average estimated yields across the board for major field crops, and solid expectations for production. USDA estimates wheat yield at a record 3.64 metric tons per hectare (t/ha). Rapeseed yield is estimated at 2.35 t/ha, up 2 percent over last year. Corn and soybean yields are also up 8.3 and 12.7 percent, respectively, over 2019/20. Yield estimates, year-to-year changes, and records for four of Canada’s largest field crops, representing both of Canada’s major agricultural regions (the Prairies and Central Canada), are given in Figure 1. The Prairies saw warm temperatures throughout the summer and generally adequate precipitation (Figure 2). At the extremes, drier conditions developed in southern Saskatchewan and southeast Manitoba, while excessive rainfall was observed in parts of southwestern and northern Manitoba and northern Alberta. The southeastern portion of Central Canada (Ontario and Quebec), where most of Canada's corn and soybeans are grown, has been drier over the summer, though periodic rains in mid-July and early August aleviated some of the dryness. Crop conditions here have been locally reported as average to above-average, indicating negligible effects of dryness on crop development in the regions.

Vietnam Rice: Ongoing Downward Trend Expected to Continue for MY 2020/21 Harvested Area.

(Sep 24, 2020)

USDA forecasts Vietnam 2020/21 rice production at 27.0 million metric tons (milled basis), down 1 percent from last year and down 2 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is forecast at 7.4 million hectares, down 1 percent from last year and down 3 percent from the 5-year average. While Vietnam rice production has declined steadily since 2017/18, area has declined consistently at a rate of 1 percent on an annual basis since 2016/17 (Figure 1). Vietnam rice yield is forecast at a record 5.84 tons per hectare, up slightly from last year and up 1 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is contingent on factors such as seasonal weather and water availability.

Turkey MY2020/2021 near-record wheat yield.

(Sep 17, 2020)

USDA estimates Turkey wheat production for MY 2020/21 at 18.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 1 mmt or 6 percent from last year. The area is estimated at 7.1 million hectares (mha), up 0.1 mha or 1 percent from last year. The yield estimate of 2.61 tons per hectare is at a near-record level (Figure 1).