Brazil Wheat: Rains Arrived Too Late for Drought-Affected Areas of Paraná.

(Sep 28, 2018)

Brazil wheat production for 2018/19 is estimated at 4.7 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.44 mmt or 10 percent from last year but down 16 percent from the 5- year average. Unfavorable weather reduced last year’s yield. Area is estimated at 2.0 million hectares, up 0.08 mha from last year. After several successive years of decline, wheat area rose this season for the first time in four years (Figure 1). Production, however, is estimated down from last year due to early season drought that reduced prospects for the crop in portions of Paraná. The return of rainfall in August and early September was beneficial for the crop although yield is still lower than the 5-year average due to drought losses.

Pakistan: Cotton Conditions Improve.

(Sep 28, 2018)

Pakistan cotton production for 2018/19 is forecast at 8.5 million 480-pounds bales (mb), up 0.3 mb from last season (Figure 1). Area is estimated at 2.7 million hectares (mha), up 0.1 mha from last season. The area increase reflects prospects for higher cotton prices and delays in sugarcane payments, which encouraged some farmers to plant more cotton. Area has not yet reached the previous 2012/13 high of 3.0 mha, but it is gradually moving in that direction following the low-price-induced area of 2.4 mha that occurred in 2016/17 (Figure 2).

France: Heavy Spring Rains and Summer Drought Negatively Affect 2018/19 Crops.

(Sep 04, 2018)

Excessive spring rains (Figure 1) and summer drought (Figure 2), have greatly affected French agriculture during 2018. France is the European Union’s (EU) agricultural powerhouse, the leading producer of both wheat (Figure 3) and rapeseed (Figure 4), and usually the largest corn producer (Figure 5) as well. This year, however, Romania exceeded France’s corn production. For the 2018/19 season, agriculture in northern Europe has struggled with poor weather, and crop production estimates were lowered throughout the region because of the unfavorable conditions. The most damaging weather has been drought, stretching from Belgium to Estonia (Figure 6). Germany, the EU’s second-largest producer of wheat and rapeseed, was severely impacted (Figure 7). Satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Indices (NDVI) show the decline in vegetation health in Germany dipping below average, starting in early June and lasting all summer (Figure 8). Other large reductions this season include, but are not limited to, Poland, Lithuania, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, the United Kingdom, and Belgium (Figure 9). In France the drought was not as prolonged as in Germany, but France’s misfortunes began with excessive rain during spring. Analysts from USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), including FAS staff from Paris conducted crop-assessment travel in northern France at the end of June, 2018.