Crop Explorer - Commodity Intelligence Reports - Kazakhstan

Aug 18 2022 | Kazakhstan Wheat: Better MY 2022/23 Wheat Prospects than Last Year
Wheat is Kazakhstan’s most important commodity. The country is not only an important producer, but also a major exporter of wheat to the greater Central Asia region and Europe. About 80 percent of the crop is produced in the north-central oblasts of Aqmola, Qostanay, and North Kazakhstan (Figure 1). Specialists from the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) offices in Washington and Nur-Sultan (Figure 2) traveled through this region and met with local producers, agronomists of agricultural enterprises, and directors of agro-holding companies. This crop-assessment travel tour was completed in mid-to-late June 2022, and its main objective was to assess the wheatproduction prospects for the current year. Additional discussions were conducted to learn more about Kazakhstan’s agricultural practices such as preferred crop rotation, fertilizer use, seed varieties, availability of government support, and market opportunities.

Sep 27 2016 | Kazakhstan: Wheat Production and Crop Diversity Policy
According to August data from the State Statistical Agency of Kazakhstan (SSA), wheat was sown on 12.4 million hectares for 2016/17, marking the first year-to-year increase since 2009 and reversing an uninterrupted 6-year decrease during which wheat area dropped by 20 percent. The decline was due in large part to government policy that encouraged agricultural producers to diversify their crop mix by planting less wheat and more forage and oilseed crops.

Sep 2 2015 | Kazakhstan Wheat: Above-Average Estimated Yield Offsets a Decrease in Sown Area
The 2015/16 Kazakhstan wheat crop has benefited from generally favorable weather to date, including generous precipitation and moderate temperatures. USDA forecasts output at 14.0 million metrictons, up 1.0 million tons from last year, with yield forecast at 1.22 tons per hectare, up 12 percent from last year and 14 percent above the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 11.5 million hectares, down 0.4 million hectares from last year and consistent with a steady reduction in the area sown to wheat over the past six years. Spring wheat comprises 80 percent of the country’s total wheat output. Spring wheat is planted from late May to early June and is harvested from early September through early October.

Jan 21 2010 | Kazakhstan Agricultural Overview
Kazakhstan is an important producer and exporter of high-quality wheat. Average annual production is about 13 million tons, but output is highly dependent on weather and in recent years has fluctuated between 10 and 17 million tons. Between 2 and 8 million tons is exported annually, mainly to destinations in Europe (including Russia and Ukraine), northern Africa, and Central Asia. Kazakhstan also produces around 2 million tons of barley, and a small amount of oats, corn, and rice, but wheat is by far the country's most important commodity. The production of oilseeds (sunflowerseed and rapeseed) is increasing but total oilseed output remains well below 1.0 million tons. The country also grows a small amount of cotton in southern Kazakhstan, with annual lint output at around 100,000 tons.

Aug 12 2009 | Kazakhstan: Wheat Production Prospects and Trip Report
Specialists from the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service conducted crop-assessment travel in north-central Kazakhstan during the second half of July. The team observed evidence of excessive and persistent dryness in a large portion of the country's key wheat production zone. The USDA forecasts Kazakhstan wheat production for 2009/10 at 14.0 million tons, down 0.5 million from last month.

The USDA increased its estimate of Kazakstan 2000/01 wheat production from 7.0 to 8.0 million tons, down from last year's bumper crop of 11.2 million. Total grain production is forecast at 10.5 million tons, against 14.2 million last year. Area increased appoximately 4 percent from last year, to 9.0 million hectares of wheat and 11.4 million total grain. Conditions have been generally favorable for spring wheat in north-central Kazakstan (the key wheat-production zone) since the beginning of the growing season, with adequate precipitation in the form of frequent light-to-moderate showers. Temperatures climbed into the upper 30's (degrees C) during the first week of August, but the crop had already advanced beyond the temperature-sensitive reproductive stage, and damage was likely minimal. Vegetation indices from late July indicate that crop conditions in Kazakstan were not as good as in 1999, when near-ideal conditions prevailed, but better than during the drought of 1998 when wheat output nose-dived to 4.7 million tons.

The USDA estimates Kazakstan 2000/01 grain production at 10.5 million tons, including 8.0 million of wheat, down from last year's bumper crop of 14.2 million tons of total grain and 11.2 million of wheat. Official harvest data cited by the Reuters news agency indicate that as of September 25 grain harvest had reached 11.2 million tons (bunker weight, prior to cleaning and drying) and was roughly 90 percent complete. Yield was reported at 1.0 ton per hectare, and yield has been dropping steadily since harvest began in late August. At approximately the same date last year, harvest stood at 9.3 million tons -- roughly 75 percent complete -- with yield reported at 1.2 tons per hectare and climbing.

The USDA raised its estimate of Kazakstan 2000/2001 wheat production to 9.0 million tons, up from 8.5 million last month, but down from 11.2 million last year. Total grain output is estimated at 11.0 million tons against 14.2 million last year. According to a report issued by the Ministry of Agriculture, harvest was virtually complete as of October 12. Production has exceeded earlier expectations, due to a combination of favorable October weather -- which enabled farmers to harvest nearly all of the sown area of 12.4 million hectares -- and an increase in yield during the final stretch of the harvest campaign. (See September 27 assessment.)

Aug 10 2001 | Kazakstan: Favorable Weather Boosts 2001/02 Yield Potential
The USDA estimates Kazakstan total grain production for 2001/02 at 13.7 million tons, up from 11.4 million last year. Wheat output is estimated at 11.0 million tons, up 2.0 million from last month and 1.9 million from last year. The weather has been generally favorable for grains in north-central Kazakstan, where roughly 80 percent of the country's wheat is grown. Precipitation during during the past two months has been adequate but not excessive. Vegetative indices derived from NOAA/AVHRR satellite imagery indicate that conditions during the second half of July -- when vegetative indices are typically at peak levels and provide the best indicator of yield potential -- were significantly better than last year, but not as good as two years ago, when Kazakstan harvested a bumper crop with a near-record yield.

Oct 3 2001 | Kazakstan Grain Yield Up Substantially
With Kazakstan's grain harvest roughly 70 percent complete, yield is reportedly up 24 percent from last year, according to Ministry of Agriculture data cited by the Interfax news agency. As of September 25, farmers had threshed 11.2 million tons of grain, mostly spring wheat, from 9.2 million hectares. By the same date last year, 11.2 million tons also had been gathered, but over 11 million hectares had been cut and harvesting was 90 percent complete.

Oct 15 2001 | Kazakstan: Bumper Grain Crop Forecast
According to Ministry of Agriculture data released late last week and reported by the Reuters news service, Kazak farms are on track to harvest roughly 18 million tons of grain (bunker weight, prior to cleaning and drying), which will likely translate into net-weight output of slightly over 16 million tons. While total grain production of 16 million tons would not qualify as a record crop--Kazakstan gathered 21.7 million tons of grain in 1993/94 and 29.8 million the year before--yield could approach the record of 1.32 tons per hectare achieved in 1992/93.

Aug 13 2002 | Kazakstan: Favorable Conditions for Spring Wheat
The USDA estimates Kazakstan total grain production for 2002/03 at 14.7 million tons, down from 15.7 million last year. Wheat production is estimated at 12.0 million tons, approaching last year's bumper crop of 12.7 million which was the highest in ten years. Grains were sown on an estimated 13.1 million hectares, up slightly from last year, including 11.0 million wheat. North-central Kazakstan, where roughly 80 percent of the country's grain is grown, has received above-normal precipitation during the growing season, and temperatures were favorable during mid-July as the crop was progressing through the heat-sensitive flowering stage. Wheat yield is estimated at 1.09 tons per hectare, above average but below last year's 1.19 tons per hectares. Satellite-derived vegetative indices indicate that crop conditions in northern Kazakstan--and in Russia's Ural and Siberian regions -- were slightly better than last year as of mid-July. Production prospects for 2002/03 could improve with continued good weather, but final output will hinge also on harvest weather. Grain harvest in the main production region typically begins in late August, and the first frost in mid-September.

Feb 9 2005 | Kazakhstan: Drought Reduces 2004 Wheat Yield
The USDA estimates Kazakhstan wheat production for 2004/05 at 9.95 million tons against 11.50 million last season. Area grew slightly from last year, to 11.8 million hectares, but yield was nearly 25 percent below average following drought in the country's key wheat producing region.

Mar 17 2005 | Kazakhstan Wheat Production: An Overview
Average wheat output in Kazakhstan is lower than during Soviet times because of a 30-year decline in sown area, but yields have shown signs of improvement in recent years thanks in part to a modest but steady rebound in State subsidies to Kazakhstan's agricultural sector.

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