Crop Explorer - Production Briefs - Canada


Nov 8 2019 | Canada Soybeans: Delayed Harvest from Early Snowfall and Concerns over Pod Shattering
Canada soybean production for 2019/20 is estimated at 6.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.5 mmt from last month and down 1.3 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.3 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 0.2 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.61 tons per hectare, down 8 percent from last month, and down 9 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Oct 10 2019 | Canada Rapeseed: Late September Snow Delays Harvest
USDA estimates Canada rapeseed production for 2019/20 at 19.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.6 mmt from last month and down 0.8 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 8.4 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 0.7 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.32 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, but up 4 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease in yield is attributed to an early winter snow storm that occurred in late September, which dropped several inches of snow on the Canadian Prairies. In addition to the snow, an early season-ending freeze occurred in the main rapeseed growing regions of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, which produce 24, 50, and 15 percent, respectively. Canadian sources expressed concern about both lodging and pod shattering in the high moisture seeds. Harvest began in September. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@usda.gov.)

Jul 11 2019 | Canada Rapeseed: Decreased Harvested Area
Canada rapeseed production for 2019/20 is forecast at 20.1 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 mmt from last month and down 1.0 mmt from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 8.4 million hectares (mha), down 0.4 mha from last month and down 0.7 mha from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.39 tons per hectare, down slightly from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. Statistics Canada’s June Field Crop Survey indicated lower planted area of rapeseed in favor of other crops such as corn and barley. In the top three rapeseed producing provinces, reported area was down 7 percent in Saskatchewan, 13 percent in Alberta and 3 percent in Manitoba. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Jun 11 2019 | Canada Corn: Delayed Planting Due to Unfavorable Wetness
Canada corn production for 2019/20 is forecast at 14.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.4 mmt from last month but up 0.1 mmt from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.4 million hectares (mha), down 0.1 mha from last month and down 30 thousand hectares from last year. Yield is forecast at 10.00 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, but up 3 percent from last year. The month-to-month decreases in forecast area and yield are attributed to excessive rainfall that delayed planting in Eastern Canada (Ontario and Quebec). At the end of May, Ontario and Quebec are both currently at 50 percent planted as compared to last year, which was about 75 percent and 87 percent complete, respectively. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Sep 12 2018 | Canada Rapeseed: Production Estimate Remains Unchanged
USDA estimates Canada 2018/19 rapeseed production at 21.1 million metric tons, unchanged from last month, but down 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month but down 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.32 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month but up 1 percent from last year. (For more information please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

Sep 12 2018 | Canada Wheat: Estimated Production Reduced on Lower-than-Expected Yield
USDA estimates Canada 2018/19 wheat production at 31.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month but up 5 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.8 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.21 metric tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Justin.Jenkins@fas.usda.gov).

Jul 12 2018 | Canada Soybeans: Estimated 2018/19 Area Drops after Last Year’s Record
USDA forecasts Canada soybean production for 2018/19 at 7.3 million metric tons, down 6 percent from last month and down 9 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.86 metric tons per hectare, essentially unchanged from last month and up about 4 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.55 million hectares, down 7 percent from last month and down 12 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

May 10 2018 | Canada Rapeseed: 2018/19 Estimated Area Second Highest on Record
USDA forecasts 2018/19 Canada rapeseed production at 21.1 million metric tons, down 2 percent from last year’s record. Yield is forecast to follow the 10-year trend at 2.32 metric tons per hectare. Statistics Canada released the 2018 planting intentions, indicating a lower area than last year’s record for rapeseed. The April report of planting intentions has been lower than final planted area for the last six years. USDA estimates 2018/19 harvested area at 9.1 million hectares, down 2 percent from last year’s record. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Dec 12 2017 | Canada Wheat: Conditions Rebound Before Harvest after a Challenging Summer
USDA estimates Canada wheat production for 2017/18 at 30.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 11 percent from last month but down 5 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 9.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.33 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), up 11 percent from last month but down 7 percent from last year. While the Canadian Prairies (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta) experienced hot and dry conditions throughout the main part of the growing season (July and August), the dry conditions in the autumn were beneficial for the crop and allowed yield to rebound. Manitoba, which produces about 16 percent of the spring wheat crop, received favorable rainfall at critical periods and ended the season with record high yields at 4.0 mt/ha according to recently released Statistics Canada data. Additionally, both Alberta and Saskatchewan ended the season with higher-than-average yields. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Sep 12 2017 | Canada Rapeseed: Area Decrease Based on Official Data
USDA estimates rapeseed production for 2017/18 at 19.9 million metric tons (mmt), down 3 percent from last month. Area is estimated at 9.2 million hectares, down 3 percent from last month. The decrease is based on data from Statistics Canada indicating lower area for rapeseed.

Aug 10 2017 | Canada Soybeans: Cool, Wet Eastern Canada and Hot, Dry Prairies Reduce Area and Yield Estimates
USDA forecasts Canada soybean production for 2017/18 at 8.2 million metric tons, down 2 percent from last month. Yield is estimated at 2.85 tons per hectare, down 2 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. The month-to-month decrease in harvested area and yield are attributed to hot and dry weather in Manitoba and wet weather in eastern Canada.

Aug 10 2017 | Canada Wheat and Rapeseed: Hot, Dry Conditions in the Prairies Decrease Yield Forecast
USDA estimates Canada wheat production for 2017/18 at 26.5 mmt, down 7 percent from last month and 16 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.94 tons per hectare (t/ha), down 7 percent from last month, and down 18 percent from last year. USDA forecasts rapeseed production for 2017/18 at 20.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 2 percent from last month. Yield is estimated at 2.15 t/ha, down 2 percent from last month, and down 6 percent from last year. The month-to-month decreases in yield are attributed to hot and dry weather conditions in the Canadian Prairies (Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan). Analysts from the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service conducted crop assessment travel in early-to-mid July in the Canadian Prairies and Ontario.

Jun 9 2017 | Canada Corn: Production Decreases by 5 Percent
Production for 2017/18 is forecast at 14.4 million metric tons, down 5 percent from last month, and down 9 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.45 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month. This month-to-month decrease is based mainly on delayed planting in Quebec, which accounts for about 30 percent of Canada’s national production. Planting in Ontario, the major producing province, is 90 to 95 percent complete and accounts for about 70 percent of Canada’s national production. Flooding occurred in Ontario and Quebec during early May. Although conditions dried out during the latter part of the month, planting delays continue. Planting in Quebec is at 8 percent complete, significantly behind the 4 year average of 79 percent planted by mid-May. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

May 10 2017 | Canada Rapeseed: 2017/18 Area Expected to Increase to a Record Level
Production is forecast at a record 21.0 million metric tons, up 14 percent from 2016/17. Yield is forecast to match the 10-year trend at 2.20 metric tons per hectare. Statistics Canada has released 2017 planting intentions. In recent years, planting intentions have been lower than the final planted area reported by Statistics Canada. USDA forecasts 2017/18 harvested area at a record 9.5 million hectares, up 16 percent from last year. The year-to-year increase reflects the increase in planting intentions. The increase is attributed to a more attractive return on rapeseed as compared to other field crops.

Nov 9 2016 | Canada Wheat: Snow Interrupts Harvest
Canada wheat production for 2016/17 is estimated at 31.5 million metric tons, unchanged from last month, and up 3.9 million from 2015/2016. The estimated yield of 3.40 tons per hectare is unchanged from last month, and up 18 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.3 million hectares compared to 9.6 million last year.

Oct 12 2016 | Canada Rapeseed and Wheat: Near Record Production
USDA estimates 2016/17 Canada rapeseed production at 18.5 million metric tons, up nearly 3 percent from last month and up slightly from 2015/16. Area harvested is estimated at 8.0 million hectares, unchanged last month but down 3 percent from 2015/16. USDA estimates rapeseed yield at a record 2.30 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 4 percent from 2015/16.

Aug 12 2016 | Canada Rapeseed and Wheat: Yields Approaching Record Levels
USDA estimates 2016/17 Canada rapeseed production at 17.6 million metric tons, up 7.3 percent from last month and up 2.3 percent from 2015/16. Area harvested is estimated at 8.0 million hectares, unchanged last month but down slightly from 2015/16. USDA estimates rapeseed yield at 2.2 tons per hectare, up 7.3 from last month and up 3.7 percent from 2015/16.

Jul 12 2016 | Canada Rapeseed and Wheat: Production Forecast to Increase Despite Lower Area
USDA forecasts 2016/17 Canada rapeseed production at 16.4 million metric tons, up 5.5 percent from last month but down 4.7 percent from 2015/16. Area harvested is estimated at 8.0 million hectares, up 3.2 percent from last month but down slightly from 2015/16. As with wheat, the decrease in estimated rapeseed area is based on data from Statistics Canada and is attributed to a switch to pulses in the western prairies. USDA forecasts rapeseed yield at 2.05 tons per hectare, up 2.5 percent from last month but down by 3.3 percent from 2015/16.

Jun 11 2016 | Canada Wheat: Production Forecast to Increase
USDA forecasts 2016/17 wheat production at 28.5 million metric tons, up 3.2 percent from 2015/16 despite a drop in planted area. Yield is forecast to return to trend levels or 3.02 metric tons per hectare, up nearly 5 percent from the previous year. Harvested area is estimated at 9.45 million hectares, down 1.6 percent from 2015/16. This slight decline in area is due to farmers shifting production to pulses.

Nov 10 2015 | Canada Rapeseed: Estimated Production Revised Up from October
USDA estimates Canada rapeseed production for 2015/16 at 15.5 million metric tons, up 1.2 million tons from last month but down 0.91 million tons from last year. Area is estimated at 7.90 million hectares, unchanged from last month but down 0.44 million hectares from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.96 metric tons per hectare, up 8.3 percent from last month but down slightly from last year.

Oct 9 2015 | Canada Rapeseed: Improved Yield Prospects Boost Production Forecast
USDA forecasts 2015/16 Canada rapeseed production at 14.3 million metric tons, up 1.0 million tons from last month but down 2.1 million tons from last year. The upward revision is based on better than expected yields and survey results published in Statistics Canada Production of Principal Field Crops October 2015. L

Oct 9 2015 | Canada Wheat: Production Increased Up Due to Higher than Expected Harvest
USDA forecasts 2015/16 Canada wheat production at 26.0 million metric tons (MMT), up 1.0 million tons from last month but down 3.4 million tons from last year. The revisions are based on data cited in Statistics Canada Production of Principal Field Crops released October 2. Harvested area is estimated at 9.6 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 0.1 million hectares from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.71 tons per hectare up 4.2 percent from last month but down 13 percent from last year. Spring wheat comprises 72 percent of total wheat output, durum 25 percent and the remaining is winter wheat. Winter wheat output is forecast to reach 2.3 million tons, down 21 percent because of a drop in area seeded.

Sep 11 2015 | Canada Wheat: Production Forecast to Drop 15 percent from Last Year
USDA forecasts 2015/16 Canada wheat production at 25.0 million metric tons, down 5.7 percent from last month and down 15 percent from last year due to adverse growing conditions. Harvested area is estimated at 9.6 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 1.5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.6 tons per hectare down 5.8 percent from the previous month and down 16 percent from last year.

Aug 12 2015 | Canada Wheat and Rapeseed: Yields Forecast to Decline Due to Persistent Dryness
USDA forecasts 2015/16 total wheat production at 26.5 million metric tons, down 1.0 million tons from last month and down 2.8 million tons from last year due to adverse growing conditions. Harvested area is forecast at 9.6 million hectares, unchanged from the previous month but up 0.14 million hectares last year. Yield is forecast at 2.76 tons per hectare, down 3.7 percent from the previous month and down 11 percent from last year. The yield reduction is due to persistent dryness. The 2015/16 rapeseed production is forecast at 13.0 million metric tons, down 1.6 million tons from last month and down 2.6 million tons from last year. The decline in production is due to adverse growing conditions in Saskatchewan and Alberta. Yield is forecast at 1.65 tons per hectare, down 15 percent from last year. Area harvested is forecast at 7.9 million hectares, unchanged from last month’s forecast but down 0.18 million hectares from last year. Personnel from the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service traveled to Saskatchewan and Alberta in mid-July and observed short, small heads and sparsely populated fields due to dryness. The Western Prairies in general did not receive significant rainfall during most of the growing season from April 1 to July 25. Southern Saskatchewan and Alberta were the hardest hit. Manitoba, however, which produces about 10 percent of total wheat production and 14 percent of the total rapeseed production, received timely rains throughout the growing season. Soil moisture in Alberta as of early August was rated 30 percent good; soil moisture in Saskatchewan was rated 70 percent good. Satellite derived vegetative indices indicate crop vigor in Saskatchewan and Alberta is below average. Vegetative indices from late June in Manitoba indicate better conditions which could offset poor conditions seen in Saskatchewan and Alberta. A late-July storm brought enough rainfall to alleviate some of the dryness across the Western Prairies, but, it came too late to boost potential yields as the crop was well past its critical point. The latest provincial government crop report in Alberta rated both wheat and rapeseed at only 25 percent good to excellent, whereas in Saskatchewan the crop was rated 60 and 56 percent good to excellent, respectively. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov)

Jul 10 2015 | Canada Wheat: Persistent Dryness Impacting Production
USDA estimates 2015/16 Canada wheat production at 27.5 million tons, down 5.2 percent from the previous month and down 6.1 percent from last year due to adverse growing conditions. Harvested area is estimated at 9.6 million hectares, unchanged from the previous month, but up 1.5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.86 tons per hectare, down 5.2 percent from the previous month and down 7.5 percent from last year. This reduction is due to persistent dryness impacting the major wheat producing areas. The Western Prairies have not received sufficient rainfall since April. Soil moisture is becoming depleted across the prairies, due to hot and dry conditions. Saskatchewan’s latest provincial report rated wheat condition at 52 percent good-to-excellent; however in Alberta, wheat condition is rated at 33 percent good-to-excellent. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

May 12 2015 | Canada Rapeseed: 2015/16 Area Harvested Expected to Decline
USDA estimates Canada’s 2015/16 rapeseed harvested area at 7.7 million hectares, down 4.6 percent from last year. The year-to-year decrease is attributed to crop rotation constraints, rising input costs, and uncertainty in the market. Production is forecast at 14.8 million metric tons, down 5.0 percent from 2014/15. Yield is forecast to match the 5-year average at 1.92 tons per hectare. Statistics Canada’s 2015 March Principal Field Crops reports that farmers plan to seed 7.857 million hectares, down 4.5 percent from 2014. Saskatchewan and Alberta, which account for 84 percent of total acreage, reported decreases of 4.2 percent and 7.7 percent, respectively. Manitoba area is up nearly 2 percent from last year. Planting is proceeding at a rapid pace due to dryer-than-normal conditions. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov.)

Dec 10 2014 | Canada Wheat and Rapeseed: Good Harvests Despite Late Planting and Regional
USDA increased estimated production for Canada’s 2014/15 wheat and rapeseed crops based on a recent Statistics Canada report citing slight month-to-month increases in estimated area and better-than-expected yields across the western prairies. Wheat production is estimated at 29.3 million tons, up 6.5 percent from last month but down 22 percent from last year’s record level. Area is estimated at 9.5 million hectares, up 1.7 percent from last month but down nearly 9.4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.10 tons per hectare, up 3.1 percent from the 5-year average but down 14 from last year’s record.

Oct 10 2014 | Canada Rapeseed: Estimated Production Revised Down From Last Month
USDA estimates 2014/2015 Canada rapeseed production at 14.4 million tons, down 2.0 percent from last month and down 20 percent from last year’s record level. Area is estimated at 7.80 million hectares, up 0.6 percent from last month but down 2.6 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.85 tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last month and down 18 percent from last year’s record yield. Yield is slightly below the 5-year average.

Aug 12 2013 | Canada: Rapeseed Production Forecast at Record Level
USDA estimates 2013/14 Canada rapeseed production at a record level of 15.3 million tons, up 2 percent from last month and nearly 15 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 7.90 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down nearly 8 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.94 tons per hectare, up nearly 25 percent from last year and 5 percent above the 5-year average.

Sep 12 2013 | Canada Wheat: Production Forecast at a 22-Year Record
The USDA estimates 2013/14 Canada wheat production at 31.5 million tons, up 16 percent from last year and 6.8 percent from last month. Area is estimated at 10.5 million hectares, up 10 percent from last year and 1.9 percent from the previous month. Yield is forecast at 3.00 tons per hectare, up nearly 5 percent from last year.

Nov 8 2013 | Canada Wheat: Production Estimated at a Record Level
The USDA estimates 2013/14 Canada wheat production at 33.25 million tons, up nearly 22 percent from last year and 5.4 percent from September. Area is estimated at 10.27 million hectares, up 8.2 percent from last year and down 2.1 percent from September. Yield is forecast at 3.23 tons per hectare, up nearly 13 percent from a year ago. Yield is estimated at a record level despite a late start to planting. Planting was delayed because of lingering snow cover, below normal temperatures and waterlogged fields throughout the western Prairies. Above normal temperatures in the latter part of June-July enabled crop development to accelerate. Satellite-derived MODIS/NDVI indicate potential yield above the record level of 2011. Provincial reports from Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba indicate that harvest is virtually complete with reported yield at 25 percent to 36 percent above the 10-year average.

Sep 11 2014 | Canada Rapeseed: Yields Forecast Below Average
USDA forecasts 2014/2015 Canada rapeseed production at 14.70 million metric tons, down 3.6 percent from the last month and down 18 percent from last year’s record level. Area is estimated at 7.75 million hectares, up slightly from last month but down 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.90 tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 15 percent from last year.

Dec 10 2013 | Canada Corn: Record Harvested Area Boosts Production
The USDA forecasts 2013/14 Canada corn production at 14.2 million metric tons, up 8.8 percent from the previous year. The production record can be attributed to a record harvested area. The 2013/14 area harvested reached record levels at 1.480 million hectares, up 4.4 percent from 2012 because of increased harvested area in Manitoba and Quebec. Area harvested in Ontario, which produces 60 percent of the total corn production, was unchanged from the previous year. Area harvested in Quebec, which accounts for roughly 30 percent of total harvest area, increased by 6 percent from the previous year. And Manitoba, which produces only 10 percent of total corn production, increased area harvested by 29 percent from the previous year.

Dec 10 2013 | Record Yields for Most Canadian Field Crops
The USDA is estimating record yields for Canada’s barley, rapeseed, and wheat, despite a late start to planting. Planting was delayed because of lingering snow cover, below normal temperatures, and waterlogged fields throughout the western prairies. Sufficient precipitation coupled with normal temperatures advanced crop conditions in mid-July. Warmer temperatures in the latter part of June and July promoted flowering throughout the Western Prairies. Satellite-derived MODIS/NDVI data depicted crop vigor to be slightly higher than last year, also a good year, and above 2011 when record yields were achieved. In addition, a later than normal first freeze date allowed crops to continue to maturation. Harvest activities were completed in late October.

Aug 12 2014 | Canada Rapeseed: Area Down from Late Planting and Floods
USDA estimates 2014/15 Canada rapeseed production at 15.25 million tons, down 2.9 percent from last month and down 15 percent from last year’s record level. Harvested area is estimated at 7.7 million hectares, down 3.9 percent from last year and down 3.8 percent from last month. The reduction in estimated area is due to unseeded acreage and late June flooding that impacted southeast Saskatchewan and southwest Manitoba. Yield is forecast at 1.98 tons per hectare, down 12 percent from last year’s record but up 0.9 percent from last month. Rapeseed development in the Western Prairies is still behind normal because of wet and cool weather conditions coupled with late planting. However, warmer temperatures in late July and sufficient precipitation have advanced crop maturation. The majority of the crop is setting pods. Analysis of satellite-derived vegetation indices show that crop development across most of the western prairies is slightly above the 5-year average. However, crop vigor in southeast Saskatchewan and southwestern Manitoba, which account for approximately 5 percent of total rapeseed production, is likely to be slightly below the short-term mean. Recent provincial reports from the major producers, Saskatchewan and Alberta, have rated the rapeseed crop as 70 percent good to excellent.

Jul 11 2014 | Canada Wheat: 2014/15 Area Harvested Down from 2013/14
USDA estimates 2014/15 Canada wheat production at 28.0 million tons, down 25 percent from last year record level and down 1.8 percent from last month. Area is estimated at 9.6 million hectares, down 8.0 percent from last year and down 2.0 percent from the previous month. Yield is forecast at 2.92 tons per hectare, down 19 percent from last year’s record but essentially unchanged from the previous month. Statistics Canada’s June Principal Field Crop Area report estimated wheat seeded area at 24.5 million acres or 9.9 million hectares, down nearly 2 percent from its previous report and down 7.4 percent from last year. Farmers seeded less wheat in 2014 from the previous year due to winter transportation and delivery problems, which resulted in significantly high carry-over stocks. Area seeded is forecast to return close to the 5-year average. All three major producers (Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba) reported roughly a 7.5 percent decrease in area seeded. Farmers were unable to fulfill their March planting intentions because of wet, cool weather that hampered fieldwork in Eastern Saskatchewan and Western Manitoba. Alberta, however, was able to fulfill its planting intentions because of nearly ideal planting conditions. Cool, wet weather is still impeding crop development across the Western Prairies. Despite these conditions, Saskatchewan and Alberta reported in early July that roughly 80 percent of the wheat is in good to excellent condition.

May 9 2014 | Canada Rapeseed: Area Seeded Forecast to Drop
USDA forecasts 2014/15 Canada rapeseed production at 15.4 million tons, down 14 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 7.85 million hectares, down 1.9 percent from 2013. Yield is forecast slightly above trend at 1.96 tons per hectare, down 13 percent from last year’s record 2.25 tons per hectare. This is the second straight year that farmers are seeding less rapeseed. Statistics Canada’s March bulletin Intentions of Principal Field Crops reported that farmers plan to seed 8.01 million hectares of rapeseed, a slight decrease from last year. The decrease in area seeded is attributed to record carry-over stock from last year’s record harvest. Planted area in Saskatchewan (which accounts for about 50 percent of the country’s total rapeseed production) is expected to decrease by nearly 2 percent, while planted area in Alberta (30 percent) is expected to increase by 1.6 percent. Planted area in Manitoba (20 percent) is expected to match last year’s level. Provincial governments are forecasting a late start to planting due to cool and wet conditions. Planting conditions characteristically improve in the later part of May.

May 13 2013 | Canada Wheat: Weather Delays Planting
The USDA forecasts 2013/14 Canada wheat production at 29.0 million tons, up 7 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 10.5 million hectares, up 11 percent from 2012/13. Yield is forecast below trend at 2.76 tons per hectare, down 3.5 percent from last year due to the likely effect of delayed planting. Provincial governments are forecasting a late start to planting due to below normal temperatures and lingering snow cover that resulted in water logged fields throughout the western Prairies. Planting conditions across the prairies are slowly improving. Warm and dry conditions are being reported and flood warnings are easing. Provincial governments are expecting farmers to begin planting the second or third week in May. Statistics Canada 2013 March Intentions of Principal Field Crops reported that farmers plan to seed 10.8 million hectares of wheat, up 5 percent from 2012. Farmers are expected to shift production to crops with lower input costs such as wheat and away from canola, which experienced yield loss in 2012/13 due to insect and disease problems caused by too frequent planting. Wheat harvested area are expected to increase in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Alberta by 17, 10 and 15 percent respectively. (For more information, please contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881)

May 13 2013 | Canada Rapeseed: Area Seeded Forecast to Drop
The USDA forecasts 2013/14 Canada rapeseed production at 14.5 million tons, up 9 percent from last year. Area is forecast at 7.65 million hectares, down 11 percent from last year. Yield is forecast slightly above trend at 1.9 tons per hectare, up nearly 22 percent from a year ago and above 15-year trend assuming normal weather. Statistics Canada 2013 March Intentions of Principal Field Crops reported that farmers plan to seed 7.74 million hectares, the first decrease in planted area since 2006. Planted area in Saskatchewan and Alberta, which together comprise 85 percent of total production, is expected to drop 11 percent and 9 percent, respectively. Farmers are expected to shift production away from canola, which experienced yield loss in 2012/13 due to insect and disease problems caused by too-frequent planting, to crops with lower input costs such as wheat and barley. Provincial governments are forecasting a late start to planting due to below normal temperatures and lingering snow cover that resulted in water logged fields throughout the western Prairies. Planting conditions across the prairies are slowly improving. Warm and dry conditions are being reported and flood warnings are easing. Provincial governments are expecting farmers to begin planting the second or third week in May 2013/14. (For more information please contact Arnella Trent 202.720.0881.)

Dec 11 2012 | Canada Corn: Record Area and Production for 2012/13
The USDA estimates 2012/13 Canada corn area at 1.42 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but up 16 percent from last year. Production is forecast at 13.1 million metric tons, up nearly 1.5 million or 13 percent from last month and up 15 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 9.20 tons per hectare, down 2.7 percent from last year. Record harvested area in both Ontario and Quebec coupled with higher yields in Quebec contributed to reported record corn production. Both Ontario and Quebec expanded area planted to corn by 13 and 14 percent, respectively, from a year ago because of favorably warm and dry weather during planting. Growing conditions varied across eastern Canada throughout the season. Summer precipitation was patchy in eastern Canada. Areas that received adequate rainfall reported good-to above-average yields. Satellite-derived vegetative indices indicated above-average conditions in Quebec during late summer, but mixed conditions in Ontario due to dry conditions in the south. Despite the uneven growing conditions in Ontario, producers reported record output. Statistic Canada’s bulletin “Production of Principal Field Crops November 2012” reported that Ontario corn production is up 11 percent from 2011/12 due mainly to record harvested area. Quebec, which accounts for about 22 percent of total corn output, saw a production increase of 12 percent from last year. In addition, yield increased by a reported 9.5 percent due to timely rainfall throughout the province. (For more information, please contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Oct 11 2012 | Canada Barley: Production Revised Downward
The USDA estimates 2012/13 Canada barley production at 8.60 million tons, down 9.5 percent from the last month but up nearly 11 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 2.73 million hectares, up 15 percent from last year and unchanged from last month. Yield is estimated to drop to 3.15 tons per hectare compared to 3.48 tons per hectare last month. Barley production was anticipated to increase due to a 15 percent increase in planted area compared to last year, along with favorable weather conditions. However, due to a mid-summer heat wave and disease problems it led to a 9.5 percent month-to-month reduction, and also depreciated crop yields by 4.4 percent compared to last year. From June 17 through July 22, western prairies saw maximum temperatures of 3 to 6 degrees Celsius above normal. In addition, rainfall was scattered and localized in the region. Analysis of vegetative conditions, based on normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from NASA’s MODIS sensor, indicate that crop conditions are below normal for about 20 percent of the crop in east-central Saskatchewan. NDVI indicate below average conditions across the main barley growing areas of Manitoba, and variable conditions across Alberta. Barley harvest is complete across the western provinces. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Oct 11 2012 | Canada Rapeseed: Production Revised Downward
The USDA estimates 2012/13 Canada rapeseed production at 13.4 million tons, down 13 percent from the previous estimate and down 7.5 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 8.40 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 7.4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated to drop to 1.59 tons/hectare, nearly 15 percent below the 5-year average and down 13 percent from last year. A report from the Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture Crop Report indicates that yields are likely to drop by 24 percent due to excessive moisture at seeding time and high summer temperatures, which promoted disease in plants. Alberta provincial government also reported lower yields than anticipated in July and August due to heat, disease, and pests. Officials in Manitoba, which produces 21 percent of output, estimate that yields would be average to below average, but production would increase because of an increase in planted area. From June 17 through July 22, the western prairies reported that maximum temperatures were 3 to 6 degrees Celsius above normal. Rainfall was scattered and localized in the region. Rapeseed harvest is nearly complete in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Sep 12 2012 | Canada Corn: Heat and Drought Reduce Estimated Yields
The USDA estimates Canada corn production at 11.7 million tons, down from last month’s estimate of 12.8 million tons, but up nearly 9 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 1.4 million hectares, up 16 percent from last year, due to favorable planting weather. Yield is estimated at 8.36 tons per hectare, down 6 percent from last month and below the 5-year average of 8.91 tons per hectare. Yield prospects vary across eastern Canada. Some areas are expecting average-to-above average yields, whereas other regions are reporting that hot and dry conditions in July stressed the crop, resulting in poor pollination in various fields. Precipitation throughout the summer was scattered in eastern Canada. Vegetative indices show below normal conditions in some of the main corn producing areas in Ontario and Quebec. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Sep 12 2012 | Canada Barley: Area Harvested Returns to Pre-Flood Levels
USDA estimates 2012/13 Canada barley production at 9.5 million tons, up 22 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 2.73 million hectares, up 15 percent from last year, due to favorable planting weather. Yield is estimated at 3.48 tons per hectare, up 6.1 percent from last year. Statistics Canada’s July 2012 Estimates of Production of Principal Field Crops released in late August estimates planted area will increase 15 percent from last year due to favorable weather. Area in Alberta, which produces 51 percent of total production, is expected be up by 11 percent from last year. Saskatchewan, which produces 35 percent of total production, increased seeded area by nearly 18 percent from the previous year.Barley planting was completed in early June across the southern Saskatchewan and Alberta prairies. Saskatchewan was the only province that was not able to complete planting because of wet conditions. The Saskatchewan provincial government estimated that approximately 2 percent of the crop was not planted because of localized flooding, which impeded seeding. Warm July weather enabled the crop to compensate for earlier cool conditions. As of the third week in August, reports from Alberta and Saskatchewan indicate harvest activities are slightly ahead of normal, with Alberta having harvested roughly about 14 percent of the barley crop. The quality of over 80 percent of the crop is reported to be good to excellent. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Jul 11 2012 | Canada Rapeseed: Seeded Area Forecast at a Record High
The USDA estimates Canada rapeseed production for 2012/13 at 16.30 million tons, up 0.90 million or 5.8 percent from last month and up 15 percent from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 8.5 million hectares, up 0.48 million or 5.9 percent from last month. The upward revision is due to good prices and favorable planting weather. Yield is forecast to be average.Statistics Canada’s 2012 Preliminary Estimates of Principal Field Crop Areas estimates a 13 percent increase in planted area from last year, due to favorable prices. Saskatchewan produces 50 percent of total production, are likely to expand area seeded by nearly 13.5 percent from last year. In addition, Manitoba produces 28 percent of total production, are expected to seed to pre-flood levels or 1.4 million hectares.Saskatchewan was the only province that was not able to complete planting because of wet conditions. The Saskatchewan provincial government estimates that approximately 2 percent of the crop was not planted. Although growing condition across the western prairies are cooler and wetter than normal, provincial governments are reporting that canola is maturing on schedule. The quality of the crop is reported as good to excellent. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

May 10 2012 | Canada Rapeseed: Seeded Area Forecast at a Record High
USDA estimates 2012/13 Canada canola area at 8.05 million hectares, up 0.58 million or up 8 percent from last year. Statistics Canada’s 2012 March Intentions of Principal Field Crop estimates that farmers will expand planted area by 8 percent from last year due to favorable prices. In Saskatchewan, which produces 50 percent of total production, area is likely to expand by nearly 10 percent from last year. In Manitoba, which accounts for 25 percent of total production, area is expected to rebound from last year where floods reduced planted area. Production is forecast at 15.4 million tons, up 1.2 million or 9 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.91 tons per hectare up slightly from a year ago. As of the first week of May, seeding is underway across the western prairies. Localized reports indicate a surplus of moisture in some areas that delayed seeding, but planting conditions in most areas are reported as good to excellent. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Dec 9 2011 | Canada: Record Rapeseed Production
The USDA estimates 2011/12 Canadian rapeseed area at 7.47 million hectares, up nearly 0.2 million or 2 percent from last month, and up 15 percent last year. Production is forecast at 14.2 million metric tons, up 1.3 million or nearly 10 percent from last month and up 11 from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.90 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year.Despite late planting, the rapeseed crop was able to develop and mature under ideal growing conditions. Statistic Canada released its final 2011 Field Crop Reporting Series in early December. The rapeseed forecast was significantly higher than its previous estimates in October. Both Alberta and Saskatchewan reported record area, but production declined by 25 percent in Manitoba where farmers were unable to recover from early-season flooding. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)Canada: Record Wheat Yields Boost ProductionThe USDA estimates 2011/12 Canadian wheat area at 8.5 million hectares, down 0.1 million or 1 percent from last month but up 3 percent from last year. Production is forecast at 25.3 million tons, up 1 million or 4 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year. Yield is forecast to reach a record 2.96 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last year.The 4 percent year-to-year increase in production is attributed to increased area in Saskatchewan and Alberta. Despite late planting, the wheat crop was able to develop and mature under ideal growing conditions, and farmers reported record yields in these provinces. Wheat area in Manitoba, however, is estimated to decline by 39 percent as a result of adverse planting conditions. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Sep 14 2011 | Canada Wheat: Crop Area Rebounds Despite Early Season Problems
The USDA forecasts Canadian wheat production at 24.0 million metric tons, up 4 percent from last year due mainly to expanded planted area. Statistics Canada’s 2011 Estimates of Production of Principal Field Crops report indicated that farmers plan to harvest 8.55 million hectares for 2011/12, up 3 percent from last year. Planted area increased in Saskatchewan and Alberta, but decreased by an estimated 30 percent in Manitoba as a result of adverse weather conditions. Despite late planting, wheat crop development was able to catch up and the crop is maturing under ideal growing conditions. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent 202-720-0881.)

Jul 12 2011 | Canadian Wheat Area Forecast Down Due to Adverse Planting Conditions
The USDA decreased estimated 2011 Canadian wheat area to 8.0 million hectares, down 14 percent from last month, and down 0.27 million or 3 percent from last year. The reduction is based on preliminary estimates from the 2011 Statistics Canada Principal Field Crops Report released in June. This report was not able to take into consideration the adverse planting conditions in late May and early June. Production is estimated at 21.5 million tons, down 3.5 million from last month and down 1.7 million from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.69 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month but down 4 percent from last year.Persistent rainfall throughout the planting season impacted the Western Canadian provinces. In Manitoba and Saskatchewan, which account for 64 percent of the country’s total wheat production, the planting campaign encountered difficulties caused by snow melt, heavy rains, and below normal temperatures which resulted in waterlogged soils. Alberta was not impacted by the adverse planting conditions and was able to complete seeding.Planting in the Prairie Provinces is usually complete by mid-June. Saskatchewan, which produces 54 percent of Canada’s wheat, reported in their June 20 report that only 82 percent of crops had been seeded compared to the 5-year average of 93 percent. Currently 80 percent of the spring wheat is reported to be in good to fair condition. Manitoba provincial crop reports indicate that a significant amount of area has not been seeded in southwestern Manitoba because of wet conditions. Both Saskatchewan and Manitoba are reporting crop damage due to flooding, hail, and disease. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent 202-720-0881.)

Jul 12 2011 | Canada Rapeseed Planting Impeded by Wet Conditions in Western Prairies
The USDA estimates 2011/12 Canada rapeseed area at 7.1 million hectares, down 0.2 million or 3 percent from last month, and up 0.6 million or 9 percent from last year. The downward revision is due to prolonged planting delays caused by persistent rainfall and waterlogged conditions. Production is forecast at 12.6 million tons, down 0.4 million or 3 percent from last month and up 0.7 million from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.78 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month but down 3 percent from last year.Statistics Canada’s Preliminary Estimates of Principal Field Crop Areas, released June 20, estimated canola acreage up 2 percent from their March report and up 23 percent from 2010 because of favorable prices and increased crushing capacity. However, farmers surveyed were unable to fulfill their planting intentions because of waterlogged conditions impeding planting. Saskatchewan, which produces 50 percent of the country’s total rapeseed crop, reported in its report that only 82 percent of total crops have been seeded compared to the 5-year average of 93 percent. Planting conditions vary across Saskatchewan. Warm and dry weather has returned to the province. As of July 4 the majority of the canola crop was at the pre-flowering stage across the province. Some areas are reporting damage due to flooding, hail and disease. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent 202-720-0881.)

Jun 13 2011 | Canadian Rapeseed Area Revised Due to Wet Conditions
The USDA estimates 2011/12 Canada rapeseed area at 7.3 million hectares, down 0.3 million or 4 percent from last month, and up 0.8 million or 12 percent from last year. The downward revision is due to prolonged plantings delays caused by persistent rainfall, and waterlogged conditions. Production is forecast at 13.0 million tons, down 0.5 million or 4 percent from last month and up 1.1 million from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.78 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from last year.Statistics Canada’s 2011 April Intentions of Principal Field Crops estimated that farmers will expand planted area by nearly 17 percent from last year due to favorable prices and increased crushing capacity. However, the growing conditions across the rapeseed areas are wet and cooler than normal. Saskatchewan and Manitoba, which account for about 75 percent of total rapeseed production, report that some planned acreage may go unseeded because of standing water in fields.Saskatchewan, which produces 50 percent of Canada’s total rapeseed crop, reported in their June 2 report that only 70 percent of total crops have been seeded compared to 81 percent by the same date last year. However, planting conditions vary across Saskatchewan with the southeastern part of the province reporting only about 30 percent seeded for the end of May compared to 85 percent last year. Manitoba, which produces 25 percent of total rapeseed, reports that in some areas of southeastern Manitoba only 5 percent has been seeded while total planted rapeseed area for the province is around 40 percent. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent 202-720-0881.)

May 11 2011 | Canada Rapeseed: Record Area Estimated for 2011/12
The USDA forecasts that Canadian rapeseed production will reach 13.5 million metric tons, up nearly 14 percent from last year. The increase is attributed to a likely expansion in planted area. Statistics Canada’s 2011 March Intentions of Principal Field Crop Areas reports that farmers plan to seed 7.6 million hectares of rapeseed for 2011/12, up nearly 17 percent from last year, due to favorable prices and increased crushing capacity. Provincial governments are forecasting a late start to planting, however, due to lingering snow cover, heavy rains, and below normal temperatures, which have resulted in water logged fields in the western Prairies. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent 202-720-0881.)

Dec 10 2010 | Canada: Near Record Wheat Yields Boost Production
The USDA estimates 2010/11 Canadian wheat area at 8.27 million hectares, up 0.15 million or nearly 2 percent from last month, but down 14 percent from last year. Production is forecast at 23.2 million metric tons, up 1.0 million or 4 percent from last month but down 14 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.80 tons per hectare, up 3 percent from last month and up slightly from last year.The decrease in harvested area is attributed to lower sown area (due to relatively low prices during planting) and above-average early season abandonment in southern Saskatchewan and southern Alberta (due to flooding and wet conditions that impeded planting or drowned seedlings). An overall 3-percent higher than normal abandonment rate is attributed to the flooding and water logged conditions. The wheat crop was able to catch up and mature under ideal growing conditions. Even with late planting, wheat yields reached near record levels, despite a mid-September frost that ended additional development. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Dec 10 2010 | Canada: Rapeseed Production up 8 Percent from Last Year
The USDA estimates 2010/11 Canadian rapeseed area at 6.50 million hectares, up 0.2 million or 3 percent from last month, and up 2 percent from last year. Production is forecast at 11.9 million metric tons, up 0.9 million or 8 percent from last month but down 4 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.83 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month and down 6 percent from last year.Farmers had strong incentives for planting rapeseed this year due to strong prices. Flooding and water logged conditions drowned seedlings and impeded sowing activities throughout the principal canola producing regions of western Manitoba and Saskatchewan. These provinces, which account for 75 percent of total rapeseed production, received record rainfall and cool temperatures during the planting season. Despite a less than ideal start to the growing season, the rapeseed crop was able to catch up and mature under ideal growing conditions, but September frost ended any additional development. Statistics Canada released their final 2010 Field Crop Reporting Series in early December, and reported rapeseed area was significantly higher than the previous estimate in October. The final field survey found that planted area increased by 5 percent in Saskatchewan and by 7 percent in Manitoba but was unchanged from last year in Alberta. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Jul 12 2010 | Canada Wheat: Estimated Area Drops to the Lowest Level in 30 Years
The USDA estimates Canadian wheat area for 2010/11 at 7.7 million hectares, down 1.5 million hectares or 16 percent from last month, and down 1.8 million hectares or 19 percent from last year. The revision is attributed to high unseeded acreage caused by persistent rainfall and waterlogged conditions. Wet and cool weather throughout the planting season impacted the Western Canadian provinces. Manitoba and Saskatchewan, which account for 64 percent of total wheat production, received record rainfall since mid-May. Production is forecast to fall to 20.5 million tons, down 4.0 million or 16 percent from last month and down 6.0 million from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.66 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but down 5 percent from a year ago. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Jul 12 2010 | Canada Rapeseed: Persistent Rainfall Results in High Unseeded Acreage
The USDA estimates 2010/11 Canadian rapeseed area at 5.75 million hectares, down 1.1 million hectares or 15 percent from last month, and down 0.4 million hectares or 6 percent from last year. The revision is due to high unseeded acreage caused by persistent rainfall and waterlogged conditions. Wet and cool weather throughout the planting season impacted the Western Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. These provinces, which account for 73 percent of total rapeseed production, received record rainfall since mid-May. Production is forecast at 10.2 million metric tons, down 1.8 million or 15 percent from last month and down 1.6 million from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.77 tons per hectare, virtually unchanged from last month but down 8 percent from last year. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Nov 10 2009 | Canadian Wheat Production Forecast down Due to Harvest Delays
The USDA forecasts Canadian wheat production is forecast at 24.0 million tons, down 2 percent from last month and down 16 percent from a year ago. The slight reduction from October is due to harvest delays in harvest in the western wheat producing areas. Approximately 1.0 to 1.5 million tons of wheat, about 10 percent of the potential harvest, remained in the field as of October 31.This is the slowest harvest in five years. Farmers were unable to conduct field work due to cold weather and snow since mid-October. Both Saskatchewan and Manitoba reported harvest delays in their northern areas. Weather conditions are forecast to improve during the next week, but the possibility of harvesting the entire crop as winter approaches is diminishing. Because standing wheat can withstand wintry conditions better than other crops, yields are estimated to drop only slightly.Statistics Canada released the Field Crop Reporting Series in early October wherein wheat production was estimated to reach 24.5 million metric tons, up nearly 4 percent from their previous estimate in July. Despite unfavorably cool early-summer growing conditions, warm weather during the late summer promoted rapid development. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at (202) 720-0881 or arnella.trent@fas.usda.gov).

Nov 10 2009 | Canadian Rapeseed Forecast Down Slightly Due to Harvest Delays
The USDA estimates Canadian rapeseed production for 2009/10 at 10.2 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month and down 19 percent from the record 2008/09 crop. This downward projection from last month is due to harvest delays across the western prairies.Although only about 90 percent of the canola crop is expected to be harvested before snow interrupts the harvest campaign, the remainder will likely be harvested in the spring. Officials in Saskatchewan and Manitoba report harvest delays in their northern crop areas due to cold weather and snow since mid-October. As of October 26, provincial governments in Saskatchewan reported that 30 percent of the crop had not been harvested and Manitoba reported 20 percent of the crop remained in the field as compared to 1 percent last year. Weather conditions are forecast to improve over the next seven days, but previous cold and wet conditions will likely reduce yields, since mature rapeseed has a tendency to shatter under cold conditions. The USDA is estimating that rapeseed yields will drop by nearly 3 percent from last month and be down nearly 15 percent from a year ago. Statistics Canada released the Field Crop Reporting Series in early October in which rapeseed output was forecast significantly higher than its previous estimates in June. Despite a late planting, the crop was able to develop to maturity under ideal growing conditions without an early autumn frost. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at (202) 720-0881 or arnella.trent@fas.usda.gov).

Oct 13 2009 | Canadian Wheat Production Revised
The USDA forecasts 2009/10 Canadian wheat production at 24.5 million tons, up 9 percent from last month but down 14 percent from last year. Cool wet early weather caused planting delays, but growing conditions improved during late summer. Warm temperatures and favorable soil moisture boosted yield prospects, and crops benefited from a later-than-normal frost. Total wheat yield is forecast at 2.50 tons per hectare, up nearly 9 percent from September but down 12 percent from 2008/09. All provinces except Alberta are estimating average to above average yields. The Canadian Wheat Board estimates that 86 percent of the wheat crop was harvested by early October. (For additional information contact Arnella Trent, 202-720-0881.)

Oct 13 2009 | Canada Rapeseed Forecast Increased
The USDA forecasts 2009/10 Canadian rapeseed production at 10.5 million tons, up 5 percent from last month but down 17 percent from last year. Crops benefited from a later-than-usual frost especially because of the slow start of the season. Cool, wet spring weather delayed seeding and caused delayed development. Growing conditions improved throughout the western provinces in late July, and crop development accelerated due to warmer temperatures and sufficient rainfall across most of the main rapeseed producing region. Harvest is underway, and reports indicate average to above-average yields in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. In Alberta, however, yields are likely to fall about 20 percent below the 5-year average due to unfavorable weather throughout the growing season. Yield for 2009/10 is forecast to reach 1.69 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last month but down 12 percent from last year. (For additional information, contact Arnella Trent, 202-720-0881.)

Sep 11 2009 | Canada: Corn Crop Forecast Declines Owing to Cool Summer Growing Conditions
The USDA estimates 2009/10 Canadian corn production at 9.4 million metric tons, down 0.9million or 9 percent from last month and down 1.2 million or 11 percent from last year.Estimated area is unchanged from last month at 1.2 million hectares. Yield is forecast to decreaseto 7.83 tons per hectare, 9 percent below the 5-year average and 14 percent below last year.Yield is estimated lower this year due to a late spring and cool weather in June and July that'slowed crop development. Recently, warmer weather has accelerated maturity but cropdevelopment remains about one week behind average and could be vulnerable to damage in theevent of frost. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)Brazil: 2009/10 Corn Area Expected to Decline in Favor of SoybeansThe USDA estimates Brazil's 2009/10 corn production at 52.0 million tons, down 2.0 million or4 percent from last month but up 2.0 million or 4 percent from last year. Area is forecast at 13.5million hectares, down 0.5 million or 4 percent from last month and down 0.6 million or 4percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.85 tons per hectare, up 0.30 tons per hectare or 8percent from last year's drought-ravaged crop. Corn area is expected to decrease in Brazil due tohigher soybean prices and greater profit margins in comparison to corn. The greatest decline incorn area is expected to occur in the southern states of Parana and Rio Grande do Sul, whereapproximately half of the nation's main season crop is grown. Approximately 30 percent of lastyear's second-season area was planted to genetically engineered (GE) corn, and Brazilian expertsforecast 40 to 60 percent of this year's corn area will be sown with GE seed. (For moreinformation, contact Curt Reynolds at 202-690-0134).

Jul 10 2009 | Canadian Wheat Production Down
The USDA forecasts 2009/10 Canadian wheat production at 23.5 million metric tons, down 6 percent from last month and down 18 percent from last year. The month-to-month reduction is due to regional drought in the Canadian prairies. Alberta and western Saskatchewan have not received significant rainfall since the 2008 harvest. This area comprises approximately a quarter of Canada's total wheat production. In addition, the crop experienced abnormally low temperatures throughout June and in some areas temperatures plunged to freezing. Planting is around two weeks behind schedule across the Canadian prairie increasing the possibility of damage from an early autumn. Assuming normal weather throughout the remainder of the growing season, yield for 2009/10 will likely be below the 5-year average level. Statistics Canada released preliminary 2009/10 crop-area estimates in late June. Sown wheat was estimated at 10.08 million hectares, but the data were collected from May 25 to June 3, before the late freeze that impacted the western Canadian prairies. According to provincial government reports, some farmers subsequently reseeded damaged wheat fields with barley. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Jul 10 2009 | Canadian Barley Production Down
The USDA forecasts 2009/10 Canadian barley production at 9.4 million metric tons, down nearly 6 percent from last month, due to regional drought in the Canadian prairies. Alberta and Western Saskatchewan have not received significant rainfall since the 2008 harvest. Soil moisture is rated as fair to poor in some of the major barley producing areas. In addition, temperatures plunged to freezing, or below freezing, across the western prairies during the first part of June. This area comprises approximately 85 percent of Canadian barley production. Currently, planting is 7 to 10 days later than usual across the Canadian Prairie Provinces, which could increase possible damage in the event of an early autumn frost. Statistics Canada released preliminary 2009/10 crop-area estimates in late June, with sown barley area reported at 3.5 million hectares - the smallest area seeded to barley since 1967. The data, however, were collected from May 25 to June 3, prior to the late freeze that impacted the western Canadian prairies. Since barley has a shorter growing season than other crops, somefarmers reportedly reseeded damaged wheat fields with barley. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Jul 10 2009 | Canadian Rapeseed Area Planted Forecast Slightly Up from June
The USDA forecasts 2009/10 Canadian rapeseed production at 10.5 million metric tons, up about 1 percent from last month and down about 17 percent from the record 2008/09 crop. This year-to-year reduction is due to a 5-percent decrease in planted area and lower estimated yields. Regional drought in the western prairies combined with wetness in the eastern prairies has reduced Canadian rapeseed prospects. Flooding in Manitoba caused farmers to delay planting, and temperatures across the prairies plunged to below freezing conditions in June. Some frost-damaged rapeseed was reseeded last month. As a result, crop development is 7 to 10 days behind normal, which increases its potential vulnerability in the event of excessive July heat oran early autumn frost. Statistics Canada released preliminary 2009/10 crop-area estimates in late June, with sown rapeseed area reported at 6.4 million hectares. The data, however, were collected from May 25 to June 3, and do not reflect the flooding and frost damage that occurred later in June. For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Jun 10 2009 | 2009 Canadian Wheat and Barley Production Forecast to drop 13 percent
The USDA forecasts 2009/10 Canadian wheat production at 25 million metric tons, down 3.6 million or 13 percent from last year. Barley production is forecast at 10 million metric tons, down nearly 15 percent from last year and down 7 percent from last month. The reductions are a result of a regional drought impacting the Canadian prairies. Central Alberta and Western Saskatchewan provinces have not received adequate rainfall since the 2008 harvest. This area comprises approximately one quarter of Canada's total wheat production. Despite the dryness, the Canadian provincial governments have reported that approximately 95 percent of the barley and wheat crops were sown as of June 1. Crops in central Alberta and western Saskatchewan received light but timely rainfall in some locations June 3-5. Temperatures, however, plunged to near-freezing levels which will delay germination. Currently, planting is 7 to 10 days behind schedule across the Canadian prairies. Barley has a shorter growing cycle than other crops. Thus, farmers have an opportunity to replant any damaged crops. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent 202-720-0881.)

May 19 2009 | World 2009/10 Crop Area and Production Forecasts
The initial USDA country-level area and production estimates for 2009/10 grains, oilseeds, andcotton are provided this month. In previous years, only the initial grain estimates were releasedin May, but this year estimates for oilseeds and cotton are provided as well.World wheat area for 2009/10 is estimated at 224 million hectares, down less than 1 percentfrom last year. International prices in September 2008, when many Northern Hemisphere wheatproducers were deciding if they would plant, had declined from a year earlier while prices forcorn and soybeans were stronger. Wheat production is forecast at 658 million metric tons, down25 million tons from 2008/09, when excellent growing conditions occurred in many of the majorproducers.World corn area is forecast at 156 million hectares for 2009/10, unchanged from the previousyear. Reports of farmers foregoing corn planting because of high input costs have been receivedfrom many countries. Corn area is not increasing even though corn prices were high relative towheat, and to a lesser extent soybean, during December to February when many farmers weremaking their corn planting decisions. Corn production is forecast virtually unchanged at 788million tons as corn planting in the Northern Hemisphere is underway.World soybean area is forecast at 99 million hectares up 2 million. Production is forecast at 242million tons, up 29 million from 2008/09. Much of the increase results from an expectation ofrecovery in Argentina and Brazil which suffered from extreme drought in major producing areas.World international soybean/corn price ratios from October through December favored corn, buthigher production costs have favored soybeans, which require fewer inputs. (For moreinformation, contact Paul Provance 202-720-0873.)

Dec 11 2008 | Canada Canola: Record Production in 2008/09
The USDA estimates Canadian canola production for 2008/09 at a record 12.6 million tons, up 32 percent from last year and up 21 percent from the October forecast. The increase is due chiefly to above-average yields in Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan. Optimum weather throughout the growing season boosted yields to 1.94 tons per hectare, up 27 percent from a year ago. Farmers harvested 6.5 million hectares of canola in 2008/09 compared to 6.2 million hectares in 2007/08. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Dec 11 2008 | Canada Soybeans: Optimal Weather Boosts Yields in 2008/09
The USDA estimates Canadian soybean production at 3.3 million tons, up 22 percent from 2007/08. Yield for 2008/09 increased by 18 percent to 2.73 tons per hectare because of optimum growing conditions throughout the season. Farmers in the eastern provinces of Canada switched from corn to soybeans due to attractive prices for soybeans and lower soybean input costs compared to corn. Planted area expanded to 1.2 million hectares in 2008/09, up 3 percent from last year. Production in the two major producing areas of Quebec and Ontario rose by 27 and 24 percent, respectively. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Oct 10 2008 | Record Production for Canadian Rapeseed
The USDA estimates record production and area for 2008/09 Canadian rapeseed. Production isestimated at 10.9 million tons, up 14 percent from a year ago, and area is forecast at 6.32 millionhectares, up 2 percent from last year. The increase in planted area was driven in part byfavorable prices for rapeseed. Growing conditions in the western provinces were nearly ideal,and significantly better than last year, when hot and dry weather placed stress on floweringrapeseed plants across the southern proportions of Canada's western provinces and caused yieldsto drop below the 5-year average. In 2008, above-average rainfall and normal temperatures fromJune through the harvest season boosted yield to a near-record 1.72 tons per hectare, up 13percent from a year ago. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent 202-720-0881.)

Oct 10 2008 | Canada Produces Bumper Soybean Crop
The USDA estimates Canadian soybean production for 2008/09 at 3.24 million tons, up 20percent from last year. Soybeans are Canada's second largest oilseed crop behind rapeseed.Soybean area for 2008/09 is expected to expand to 1.21 million hectares compared to 1.17million last year. Although prices were good for all crops, many farmers switched from corn to'soybeans because of lower production costs. In Quebec, for instance, corn area fell by nearly 14percent and soybean area increased by 32 percent from the previous year. Yield for 2008/09 isestimated at 2.68 tons per hectare, up 16 percent from 2007/08, and benefited from generallygood weather in the primary producing provinces. (For more information, contact Arnella Trent202-720-0881.)

Oct 10 2008 | Canada: Estimated Wheat Production Up 36 Percent Year-on-Year
The USDA estimates Canadian wheat production at 27.3 million tons in 2008/09, up 36 percentfrom 2007. The increase is due to higher global wheat prices, which encouraged farmers toexpand area for both winter wheat (up 68 percent) and spring wheat (up 9.5 percent). Harvestedarea is forecast at 10.1 million hectares, up 17 percent from last year, when wet spring weatherhampered the planting of spring wheat and some farmers instead planted shorter-season cropslike barley and oats. For the current season, normal rainfall and temperatures throughout thegrowing season boosted estimated yield to 2.7 tons per hectare compared to 2.3 tons per hectarelast year. (For more information, contact, Arnella Trent, 202-720-0881.)EU Achieves Second Highest Barley Yield and Third Highest Barley ProductionThe USDA estimates the European Union (EU-27) barley harvest for 2008/09 at 64.4 milliontons, up 1.6 million tons or 3 percent from last month and up 6.6 million tons or 11 percent fromlast year. Area is estimated at 14.6 million hectares, up 0.1 million from last month and 0.7million from last year. Area is the highest since 1999/2000 because of high grain prices and thelifting of mandatory set-aside area. Yield is estimated at 4.42 tons per hectare, the highest since2004/05. EU barley production consists of significant quantities of both winter and springvarieties, but it is slightly skewed towards more spring barley. Barley harvest is complete, andoutput was higher than expected due to favorable weather. Specifically, Spain's 11.1 million tonbarley crop was much larger than initially estimated, the result of timely, above average rainfallduring spring. Meanwhile, favorable weather in France induced a record crop of 12.1 milliontons with a record yield of 6.82 tons per hectare, and Germany is estimated to have produced abumper crop of 12.1 million tons. (For more information, please contact Bryan Purcell at 202-690-0138.)

Jun 10 2008 | Canadian: Corn Area Forecast Down in 2008/09
For 2008/09 corn area planted is forecast down 12% while soybean area planted is forecast toincrease by 3%. Corn production is forecast to reach 10.0 million tons, down 14% from theprevious year. Corn acres are down by almost one quarter in top corn producing provinces,Ontario and Quebec. Although crop prices are good for all crops, farmers switch from corn toother crops such as soybeans and winter wheat because of the lower input costs and croprotation. Soybean production, Canada's second largest oilseed product, is forecast to increase to3.06 million tons as compared to 2.7 million in 2007/08. (For more information, contact ArnellaTrent at 202-720-0881.)

Dec 11 2007 | Canadian Field Crop Yields affected by Unfavorable Weather in 2007/08
The USDA estimates Canadian wheat production for 2007/08 at 20.1 million tons, down 0.6million from last month and down 5.2 million from last year. Estimated area is virtuallyunchanged from last month at 8.6 million hectares, down from 9.7 million last year, and yield isestimated at 2.32 tons per hectare against 2.61 tons per hectare last year. Estimated barley areaincreased from 3.2 million hectares in 2006/07 to 4.0 million this year.

Aug 13 2007 | Canada Rapeseed: Slight Yield Reduction on Record Area
The USDA estimates Canada rapeseed production for 2007/08 at 9.0 million tons, down 5percent from last month, but up 6 percent from last year. Estimated yield was reduced by 5percent to 1.55 tons per hectare, slightly below average and 9 percent below last year. Hot anddry weather placed stress on flowering canola plants across the southern portions of Canadaswestern provinces during July, but the U.S. agricultural attaché in Ottawa indicates that rapeseedyields likely will be only marginally affected by the unfavorable weather.

Aug 13 2007 | Canada Barley: Average Yield Forecast Despite Heat Wave
The USDA estimates Canada barley production for 2007/08 at 11.5 million metric tons, down0.5 million from last month but up 1.9 million from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 3.9million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 9 percent from last year. Yield is estimated'slightly above average, at 2.93 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last years level. Estimatedyield was reduced by 4 percent from last month due to dryness and high temperatures across the'southern portion of the western provinces, especially Saskatchewan and Alberta, but is still near the five-year average. The U.S. agricultural attaché in Ottawa reports that planting intentionsincreased 20 percent from 2006 due to strong demand from the feed sector. Livestock producersare switching from corn to barley, because of cost. In addition, some farmers shifted from wheatproduction to shorter-season crops, including canola, due to harvest delays following wet springweather. (For additional information, contact Arnella Trent at 202-720-0881.)

Aug 13 2007 | Canada Wheat: Estimated Production Down 15 Percent from Last Year
The USDA forecasts Canada wheat production for 2007/08 at 21.50 million metric tons, down1.0 million from last month and down nearly 3.8 million or 15 percent from last yearsproduction. Harvested area is forecast at 8.62 million hectares, unchanged from last monthsestimate but down nearly 11 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.49 tons per hectare,down 5 percent from last month following hot, dry July weather across the southern portion ofCanadas western provinces, especially Saskatchewan and Alberta.

May 14 2007 | Canada: Corn Production Up 24 Percent on Increased Planting Intentions
The USDA estimates Canadian corn production for 2007/08 at 11.5 million tons, up 2.2 millionfrom last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.4 million hectares against 1.1 million last year.Statistics Canada reports that the intended planted area for 2007/08 corn increased by 26percent, to a record 1.42 million hectares, due chiefly to steadily increasing demand from theethanol industry.

Dec 12 2006 | Canada: Rapeseed (Canola) Production Down in 2006/0
Rapeseed production for 2006/07 is estimated at 9.1 million tons, up 0.6 million or 7 percent from last month but down 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 5.30 million hectares, up slightly from last month. The estimated yield of 1.72 tons per hectare is down 6 percent from last year due to hot and dry weather during the growing season in some areas. According to the latest report from Statistics Canada, farmers in Manitoba reported a record rapeseed harvest of 1.8 million tons, up 45 percent from last year's poor crop. Production in Saskatchewan and Alberta dropped by 14.5 percent and 10.6 percent, respectively, although production in both provinces was above the five-year average. (For more information, contact Mark Lindeman at 202-690-0143)

Dec 12 2006 | Canada: Corn Production Revised Up
Canada's 2006/07 corn production is estimated at 9.3 million tons, up 0.5 million or 6 percent from last month but down 160,000 tons from last year. The estimated yield of 8.45 tons per hectare is up 6 percent from last month but down 2 percent from last year's excellent yield. The area estimate of 1.10 million hectares is unchanged this month. According to the latest report from Statistics Canada, corn production rose almost 6 percent to a record 6.1 million tons in Ontario, breaking the previous record of 6.0 million in 1998/99. Production was down 21 percent in Quebec due to reductions in both area and yield. Harvesting is about 60 percent complete at the time of the Stats Canada survey. (For more information, contact Mark Lindeman at 202-690-0143

Jul 12 2006 | Canadas Rapeseed Seeding Estimates Increased
Canadas rapeseed production for 2006/07 is forecast at 8.10 million tons, up 7 percent from last month, but down 16 percent from last years record. Harvested area is forecast at 5.10 million hectares, up 6 percent from last months estimate, but down 3 percent from last year. The production increase this month is primarily due to increased seeding, as reported by Statistics Canada. Since the initial planting intentions survey in April, Canadian farmers have increased their rapeseed planted area based on the potential for improved canola prices. The forecast yield of 1.59 tons per hectare is above the 5-year average of 1.42 tons, based on an extremely good start to this years growing season. Soil moisture has been favorable throughout the prairies, and the Alberta Crop Report is calling this the best start of season in years. While soil moisture is rated largely good to excellent in Saskatchewan and Alberta, a small portion of Manitoba is experiencing some dryness, which will be monitored in upcoming weeks. Canola in Saskatchewan is rated 83 percent fair-to-excellent condition and is 62 percent at or ahead of normal development. In Alberta, the canola crop is rated 85 percent good-to-excellent condition and crops are 1 week ahead of development compared to this time last year. Manitoba canola fields range from bolting to mid-bloom stage with some of the earliest fields approaching full bloom. On average Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba produce 42 percent, 36 percent, and 21 percent, respectively, of Canadas rapeseed crop. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

May 12 2006 | Canada's wheat production
Canada's wheat production, including durum, is forecast at 26.0 million tons, down 3 percent from last year's production of 26.8 million due to forecast lower yields and despite increased seeding intentions. Total wheat harvested area is estimated at 10.1 million hectares, which is 3 percent above last year's harvested area of 9.8 million. While spring wheat harvested area is forecast 10 percent higher than last year, the durum harvested area estimate of 1.65 million hectares has decreased 29 percent from last year, largely due to high carry-in stocks. On average, Canada's durum production accounts for 20 percent of total wheat production while spring and winter wheat account for 70 and 10 percent, respectively. Currently, much of the grain belt has good to excellent soil moisture conditions. Excessive moisture in April has delayed spring wheat and durum seeding, with slow progress in the southern areas of the Prairie provinces. Planting in the central and northern areas of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba should begin in the next two weeks, assuming a return of dry and warm conditions. Most of Canada's spring wheat is grown in Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba, which account for approximately 44, 34, and 19 percent of the production, respectively. Almost 80 percent of Canada's durum wheat is grown in Saskatchewan, while Alberta contributes most of the rest. Due to favorable weather in eastern Canada, winter wheat is in good condition and is in the first-node stage of development. Approximately 70 percent of Canada's winter wheat production is from Ontario. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Dec 1 2005 | Canada: Wheat at Record Yield
Canada's wheat production for 2005/06 is estimated at 26.8 million tons, up 5 percent from last month and up 4 percent from last year, based on the Statistics Canada's November Farm Survey. While harvested area of 9.8 million hectares is slightly down from last year, yield is reported at a record 2.73 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last year's strong yield of 2.62 tons per hectare. Most of the increase in yield is due to better weather in Saskatchewan and Alberta. However, farmers in Manitoba reported a 29-percent drop in production, due chiefly to excessive early season wetness, decreasing their crop to 2.3 million tons. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Dec 1 2005 | Canada: Rapeseed Production Sets Record
Canadian rapeseed production for 2005/06 is estimated at 9.7 million tons, up 1.2 million from last month and up 1.9 million from last year. Canadian farmers reported a record yield of 1.83 tons per hectare in a November survey from Statistics Canada. This is up from the previous record of 1.58 tons per hectare set in 1999/2000. Favorable precipitation during the growing season, and good harvest weather in Alberta and Saskatchewan led to the record crop. Adverse conditions in Manitoba, however, caused a 29-percent decline in production in that province. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Dec 1 2005 | Canada: Corn Production Increases
Canada's corn production for 2005/06 is estimated at 9.5 million tons, up 1.0 million from last month and up 0.6 million from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.1 million hectares, nearly unchanged from last year and slightly below the 5-year average of 1.2 million. This month's production increase in Canada is largely due to an increase in Ontario corn yield, which is estimated at a record 9.1 tons per hectare. Yield in Quebec is reported at 8.4 tons per hectare by Statistics Canada. Ontario and Quebec account for approximately 62 and 35 percent, respectively, of Canada's corn production. The overall yield is estimated at 8.6 tons per hectare, up 5 percent from last year. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Oct 1 2005 | Canada: Wheat Production Increases Despite Variable Weather
Canada's wheat production for 2005/06 is forecast at 25.5 million tons, up 1.0 million from last month, but down 0.36 million from last year. The increase is a result of slight increases in both area and yield. USDA's increase in Canada wheat area and production is in response to Statistics Canada's September field crop report. Despite variable late-season weather with cool temperatures, heavy rains, and occasional frost in the main wheat-growing regions of Alberta and Saskatchewan, production is forecast upward from last month; wheat quality, however, is reported to have suffered. As reported by Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food, winter wheat harvest is nearly complete as of October 2, while spring wheat harvest is 56 percent complete in Saskatchewan, where 48 percent of the wheat crop is grown. Alberta produces approximately 27 percent of the wheat crop, while Manitoba and Ontario produce 17 and 7 percent, respectively. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Aug 1 2005 | Canada: Rapeseed Output Forecast Higher
Canadas rapeseed (canola) production for 2005/06 is forecast at 8.0 million tons, up 0.5 million tons or 7 percent from Julys production estimate and up 0.3 million tons or 4 percent from last year. The harvested rapeseed area for 2005/06 is forecast at 5.35 million hectares, unchanged from last months estimate and up 0.41 million hectares or 8 percent from last year. The current 2005/06 forecast yield of 1.5 tons per hectare is above the 5-year average of 1.4 tons per hectare due to mostly favorable weather throughout the prairie provinces, especially in Saskatchewan, which produces approximately 40 percent of Canadas canola crop. Specifically, 84 percent of Saskatchewans canola crop is rated good to excellent and 89 percent of Saskatchewan oilseeds are at or ahead of normal development, as reported by Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food. Crop development has been reported favorable in most parts of Alberta as well, despite dry areas spanning north of Calgary to Edmonton. The canola crop in Manitoba, however, has suffered the most due to severe wetness resulting from storms throughout the growing season, which has delayed planting and field operations, as well as stunted crop development. It is estimated that 15 percent of the intended planted acres did not get planted this spring in Manitoba due to wet weather. Generally shallow root systems in Canadas canola crop are common as a result of a wet growing season. Thus, continued rains are necessary throughout the drier parts of the prairies to foster pod filling in these shallow rooted plants and help maintain forecasted above-average yield. Harvest has just begun for the earlier planted crops. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Jul 1 2005 | Canada: Farmers Change Intentions and Plant More Rapeseed
Canada's rapeseed production for 2005/06 is forecast at 7.50 million tons, up 0.75 million tons from last month, but down 0.20 million from last year. Much of the increase this month comes from an increase in harvested area, which is forecast at 5.35 million hectares, up 0.65 million hectares from last month's estimate, and up 0.41 million hectares from last year. The increased rapeseed seeding intentions reflect a shift from plantings of grains, especially oats, to oilseeds. Planting intentions for oats fell drastically as farmers became worried about oversupply and subsequent reduced prices. The near-average rapeseed yield of 1.40 tons per hectare is based on expected better-than-average yields in Saskatchewan and Alberta and less than average yields in Manitoba. Growing season weather has been quite variable across the Canadian Prairies with current soil moisture rated fair to excessive and with severe flooding in southern Manitoba. Although production is forecast to be below average in Manitoba due to higher than average abandonment rates, the canola crop in Saskatchewan and Alberta is rated in mostly good to excellent condition and is ahead of development as compared to last year. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Jul 1 2005 | Canada: Good Weather Boosts 2005/06 Wheat Crop
Canada's wheat production for 2005/06 is forecast at 24.0 million tons, up 0.5 million tons from last month, but down 1.9 million from last year. The harvested wheat area for 2005/06 is forecast at 9.65 million hectares, down 0.25 million hectares from last month and down 0.21 million from last year. Whereas production is forecast up from last month due to favorable yet variable weather, harvested area is slightly down this month based on a 1.4 percent decrease in total wheat seeding intentions as published by Statistics Canada on June 23. A decrease in harvested area from last month's estimate is also due to probable increased abandonment rates in Manitoba. Extreme wetness in Manitoba has impeded planting earlier this growing season and now threatens crop development in those areas that did get seeded. Despite this, overall expected yield is slightly above the 5-year average at 2.5 tons per hectare. This above-average yield is due largely to favorable conditions in Saskatchewan and Alberta, which produce a large percentage of the wheat crop. Specifically, Alberta and Saskatchewan accounted for 27 and 48 percent, respectively, of Canada's total wheat production last year, while Manitoba produced 17 percent. Although many agricultural districts in Saskatchewan and Alberta have witnessed above average to record wetness, crop reports indicate that wheat development has improved since late June and is ahead of crop development this time a year ago. Additionally, wheat is rated approximately 78 and 89 percent, good to excellent conditions, in Alberta and Saskatchewan, respectively. Maintaining above-average yield will require warmer and drier conditions across the Prairies. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)

Dec 1 1996 | CANADA: STATISTICS CANADA ESTIMATES FIELD CROPS
On December 5, Statistics Canada released production estimates of principal field crops for the 1996/97 season. The report indicated that production will increase from last year for wheat, barley, oats, and rye; decrease for canola and soybeans; and remain about the same for corn. Total wheat production is estimated at 30.5 million tons, up 22 percent from 1995/96. Barley production is estimated at 15.9 million tons, also up 22 percent. Oats will see the biggest percentage change, up 53 percent to 4.4 million tons, while rye's increase will be 4 percent, to 322,00. Canola production will drop 22 percent to 5.0 million tons, while soybean production will drop 5 percent to 2.2 million. Corn production is estimated by Statistics Canada at 7.2 million tons, down less than 1 percent from 1995/96. Low global stocks and resultant high prices at the start of the planting season encouraged wheat and feed grain production at the expense of oilseeds. Cool, wet weather in the spring delayed planting, but favorable summer weather resulted in above-average yields for all crops. Record yields were set for wheat and barley. In October, cold, wet weather returned making harvest progress difficult and, by mid-November, a layer of thick snow had stopped harvesting with a portion of the crop in Northern Alberta and Saskatchewan still in the field. Saskatchewan Agriculture reports 350,000 hectares of the six major grains and oilseeds remain unharvested there, while Agriculture Canada reported 4 percent of Prairie fields have yet to be combined. It is unknown whether this grain will be harvested.

May 1 1997 | CANADA: STATISTICS CANADA ESTIMATES PLANTED AREA
On April 30, Statistics Canada released March planting intentions of principal field crop areas for the 1997/98 season. The report indicates that wheat area is likely to be lower than in the previous year, whereas rapeseed plantings will increase. A reduction in wheat prices since last year has shifted the relative prices back in favor of rapeseed. Total-wheat intended area is put at 11.7 million hectares, down 10 percent from 1996/97. Spring wheat area is placed at 9.3 million hectares, down 11 percent, while durum wheat is put at 2.1 million hectares, up 1 percent. The price premium for durum over spring wheat remains an attraction to durum farmers. Winter wheat seedings were 0.3 million hectares, down 34 percent from 1996/97. Approximately 36, 000 hectares of winter wheat in Ontario were lost to winter-kill. Rapeseed planting is expected to total 4.7 million hectares, up 32 percent from 1996/97 seeded area. Soybeans, grown primarily in southern Ontario, are expected to be planted on 1.0 million hectares, up 14 percent from last year's seeded area. Barley planted area is expected to be 5.1 million hectares, down 4 percent; and oats planted area is expected to be 2.0 million hectares, also down 4 percent from 1996/97. Corn-for-grain seeding, however, is expected to increase 4 percent from 1996/97, it will be planted on 1.1 million hectares.

Jun 1 1997 | CANADA: STATISTICS CANADA ESTIMATES PLANTED AREA
On April 30, Statistics Canada released March planting intentions of principal field crop areas for the 1997/98 season. The report indicates that wheat area is likely to be lower than in the previous year, whereas rapeseed plantings will increase. A reduction in wheat prices since last year has shifted the relative prices back in favor of rapeseed. Total-wheat intended area is put at 11.7 million hectares, down 10 percent from 1996/97. Spring wheat area is placed at 9.3 million hectares, down 11 percent, while durum wheat is put at 2.1 million hectares, up 1 percent. The price premium for durum over spring wheat remains an attraction to durum farmers. Winter wheat seedings were 0.3 million hectares, down 34 percent from 1996/97. Approximately 36, 000 hectares of winter wheat in Ontario were lost to winter-kill. Rapeseed planting is expected to total 4.7 million hectares, up 32 percent from 1996/97 seeded area. Soybeans, grown primarily in southern Ontario, are expected to be planted on 1.0 million hectares, up 14 percent from last year's seeded area. Barley planted area is expected to be 5.1 million hectares, down 4 percent; and oats planted area is expected to be 2.0 million hectares, also down 4 percent from 1996/97. Corn-for-grain seeding, however, is expected to increase 4 percent from 1996/97, it will be planted on 1.1 million hectares.

Jun 1 1997 | CANADA: SPRING SEEDING NEARLY COMPLETE
Spring seeding as of early-June is making good progress in much of western Canada, according to the U.S. agricultural counselor in Ottawa. In Alberta, provincial sources estimate approximately 75 percent of crops are in the ground, but in northern regions planting is lagging due to excessive precipitation. Snow and rain during late-May and early-June meant Alberta farmers made little additional progress, though the moisture was welcomed by farmers in the south. In Saskatchewan, seeding was about 99 percent complete, with all areas of the province at least 96 percent seeded. Moisture conditions are reported as generally good in the province. In Manitoba, seeding is nearing completion. At present, prospects are looking reasonably good for fields to dry out sufficiently in the flood affected regions for Manitoba allowing farmers to get their crops sown. In Ontario, 25 percent of the winter wheat crop is estimated in good condition, 25 percent in poor condition, and the balance in between. Industry sources are predicting winter wheat output at 500,000 tons, split between 200,000 soft white wheat, 200,000 soft red wheat, and 100,000 hard red winter. Given these levels, Ontario millers may again look to the United States for soft wheat supplies to meet their requirements in 1997/98. August-March wheat imports from the United States were 86,000 tons. Some harvesting of 1996/97 crops that wintered in the field in western Canada is occurring, but reports indicate that quality is poor, and much will simply be burned off. Perhaps 200,000 to 300,000 tons of wheat may ultimately be recovered out of an estimated 1.0 million tons that could not be combined last fall due to inclement weather. The Canadian Wheat Board created a special contract for this wheat and has called for 100 percent delivery of quantities contracted. Product may also be consumed domestically for feed.

Aug 1 1997 | CANADA: WHEAT AND BARLEY PROSPECTS LOWERED BY HOT, DRY JULY
Favorable weather and soil moisture at planting got the Canadian wheat and barley crops off to a good start this season; however, hot, dry weather across most of the Prairie Provinces in July, especially in southern Saskatchewan, has lowered overall yield potential. Canadian wheat production is projected at 23.5 million tons compared with 25.5 million in July, and barley production is projected at 13.5 million tons, down from 14.0 million last month. Yields are estimated at 2.06 tons per hectare for wheat, 8 percent below the 5-year average, and 2.92 tons per hectare for barley, 3 percent below the 5-year average. Yields are not projected to be off as sharply in Alberta (Canada's largest barley-producing province) or Manitoba as they are in Saskatchewan.

Oct 1 1997 | CANADA: STATISTICS CANADA ESTIMATES GRAIN CROP
On October 8, Statistics Canada released production estimates of principal field crops for the 1997/98 season. Estimates are similar to Statistics Canada for July for most crops, but the wheat estimate is 0.5 million tons higher. Statistics Canada's first estimate for 1997/98 corn production is pegged at 6.9 million tons while soybeans are forecast at a record 2.7 million. Production Crop 1997/98 1997/98 1996/97 (1000 metric tons) Wheat 23,557 23,024 29,801 Oats 3,430 3,477 4,361 Barley 13,615 13,589 15,562 Rye 297 276 309 Mixed Grain 591 663 582 Corn 6,924 NA 7,380 Rapeseed 6,068 6,089 5,062 Soybeans 2,676 NA 2,165 Source: Statistics Canada, September 1997 * Previous Estimates July 1997

Dec 1 1997 | CANADA: WHEAT CROP ESTIMATE RAISED ON STATISTICS CANADA REPORT
Canadian wheat production in 1997/98 is estimated higher this month at 24.3 million tons, up 0.8 million from last month based on Statistics Canada's report, November Estimate of Principal Field Crops. The increased production results from higher yield which is now estimated at 2.13 tons per hectare, down from last year's 2.43 ton record, and below the 5-year-average of 2.23 tons. Cold, wet weather in the spring delayed planting, but ideal growing conditions occurred in June. Dry weather in July stressed the crop during flowering and reduced yield potential, but favorable weather during harvest in most Prairie areas allowed for better yields than had been expected. Year-to-year, Canadian wheat production dropped 18 percent from 29.8 million tons. In addition to lower yields, area is down 7 percent from 1996/97, largely due to more attractive prices for other crops, especially oilseeds.

Jul 1 1998 | CANADA: RAPESEED AREA UP, WHEAT AND BARLEY DOWN
After completion of 1998/99 plantings, Canadian rapeseed harvested area is forecast at 5.4 million hectares, up 11 percent from 1997/98. Wheat area is forecast at 10.6 million hectares, down 7 percent, and barley area is forecast at 4.4 million hectares, also a 7-percent reduction. Minor crops including oats, flax, and field peas have increased in area. Weaker world wheat and feed barley prices combined with strong world oilseed demand encouraged farmers to switch crops. A large increase in oilseed crushing capacity in recent years has been favorable for Canadian oilseeds including rapeseed. Weather has been mixed this season and estimated yields for the three crops are near the 5-year averages. Production of Canadian rapeseed, wheat, and barley are currently estimated at 7.0, 24.0, and 13.0 million tons respectively; up 13 percent, down 1 percent, and down 5 percent respectively from last year.

Dec 1 1998 | CANADA: RAPESEED AND SOYBEAN ESTIMATES REVISED HIGHER
Canadian producers grew a record quantity of rapeseed and near record quantity of soybeans this season, according to Statistics Canada's November Estimate of Production of Principle Field Crops released on December 7. Drought during July and August had many analysts and farmers expecting lower yields than what are now being estimated, but beneficial rainfall just before harvest resulted in a year-to-year increase in rapeseed yield and a record soybean yield. This year's record rapeseed output of 7.6 million tons resulted from the second highest harvested area combined with a yield that was well above average. Favorable prices relative to small grains and strong demand partly due to increased domestic processing capacity contributed to the high harvested area figure. Statistics Canada estimated the soybean harvest at 2.7 million tons the second highest on record and down just 1,000 tons from last year. Although soybean seeded area was down roughly 80,000 hectares, an increase of about 0.2 tons per hectare in yield was the major reason for the high production. Additionally, sunflowerseed production is estimated by Statistics Canada at 112,000 tons, the highest level in 4 years.

Dec 1 1998 | CANADA: GRAIN OUTPUT REVISED HIGHER BY STATISTICS CANADA
Wheat production for 1998/99 is estimated at 24.4 million tons, up 1.1 million from last month and up slightly from last season, according to a recent Statistics Canada report. Harvested area increased 0.2 million hectares to 10.8 million. Yield increased to an estimated 2.27 tons per hectare, third highest on record. Although dry weather during July and August stressed the crop, late season rain helped wheat recover. Durum wheat is estimated at a record 6.1 million tons due to record area. Corn production is also pegged at a record, 8.9 million tons, up 1.3 million from last month and up 24 percent from last season. Corn area, estimated at 1.1 million hectares, is slightly off the 1984 record. Yield is estimated at a record 7.96 tons per hectare, up 8 percent from the previous 1994/95 record. Favorable weather helped to boost corn yield. Barley, oats, and rye changed little from the previous month, estimated at 12.7 million, 4.0 million, and 0.4 million tons, respectively.

May 1 2000 | Canada: Wheat Crop Falls, Coarse Grain Up
Canada is forecast to produce 24.5 million tons of wheat in 2000/01, down 9 percent from last years harvest. Wheat area is forecast to be up slightly at 10.5 million hectares, as a significant increase in durum wheat is expected to more than offset a decrease in spring wheat. Canadian coarse grains are expected to reach 29.6 million tons, up 10 percent from last year, while coarse grain area is forecast to rise 8 percent to 8.1 million hectares. Barley is forecast to be at its highest level in almost 20 years, and corn area is expected to be a record high. Producers are choosing barley over wheat this year because of strong malting barley prices and strong demand for animal feed from the expanding livestock sector. Corn area is forecast at a record level as result of animal feed demand.

Jul 1 2000 | Canada: Wheat Production Forecast Rises as Barley and Corn Fall
Canada's 2000/01 wheat production is estimated at 26.0 million tons, up 1.5 million from last month but down 3 percent from last year. Estimated harvested area rose 0.5 million hectares from last month to 11.0 million hectares, up 6 percent from last year. The area change reflects the June Statistics Canada Acreage Report, showing farmers chose to plant more wheat than anticipated in the March Statistics Canada Intentions Report. Roughly one third of the additional area is durum, largely due to strong prices for quality durum during the past two years. Many farmers planted wheat in lieu of rapeseed this season, as record rapeseed stocks remaining from last year's record harvest are still depressing prices. The additional wheat area also reflects this months drop in forecast barley area from the March intentions. Barley production is estimated at 14.5 million tons in 2000/01, down 0.5 million tons from last month, but up 10 percent from last year as estimated area fell from 5.0 million hectares to 4.8 this month. Barley area is expected to be up almost 18 percent over last year due to favorable market demand, especially for malting barley. However, farmers trimmed their plantings from early intentions, possibly because of reports of increased plantings in Australia and the United States. Corn production in 2000/01 is estimated at 9.0 million tons, down 1.2 million from last month and down 0.1 million from last year. Area fell from 1.3 million hectares last month to a still record level of 1.2 million this month. The strong boost in area results from greater demand for feed and industrial use. Area would likely have been higher, but excessive rainfall throughout the spring in Ontario and Quebec where the largest amount of corn is grown prevented fieldwork early in the season. As a result, many farmers opted to plant soybeans because of the shorter required growing season.

Aug 1 2000 | Canada: Wheat Estimate Climbs as Corn Estimate Falls
Canada wheat production for 2000/01 is forecast at 26.5 million tons, up 0.5 million from last month but down 0.4 million tons from last year. Area is estimated at 11.0 million hectares, up 6 percent from last year. An increase in durum is expected to offset a decrease in spring wheat. Rainfall has been adequate in the wheat growing regions of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and most of Alberta, and yields are expected to be above average. Southern Alberta, however, is very dry and yields are expected to be below normal. Planting began several weeks ahead of normal this past spring because of mild temperatures, but below-normal temperatures in the late spring and early summer slowed wheat development. Above-normal prairie temperatures in recent weeks have allowed the crop to progress rapidly and harvest should start in mid-August. Corn production for 2000/01 is estimated at 8.5 million tons, down 0.5 million or 6 percent from last month and down 7 percent from last years record crop of 9.1 million. Estimate area has dropped from 1.2 million hectares last month to 1.1 million this month. Producers in Ontario and Quebec, where most of the corn is grown, responded to higher demand from the livestock industry and intended to plant a record area of 1.3 million hectares this past spring. However, torrential rains kept farmers from completing their fieldwork: the main corn growing region received nearly twice the normal rainfall between March 30 and June 30. Producers were forced to switch to soybeans or leave fields fallow. Continuing heavy rains during July has damaged many fields and encouraged disease.

Sep 1 2000 | Canada: Wheat and Barley Production Forecasts Fall on Reduced Area and Yield
Canadas 2000/01 wheat production is estimated at 26.0 million tons, down 0.5 million from last month and down 3 percent from last year. Estimated harvested area fell 0.1 million hectares from last month to 10.9 million, but is up 5 percent from last year. The area change reflects the August Statistics Canada report. Statistics Canada reported that low rainfall in the western prairies had a negative impact on wheat yields, especially durum wheat. Estimated wheat yields were very favorable in the eastern provinces of Ontario and Manitoba, but the wheat crop is heavily concentrated in the western provinces. Roughly one-fourth of the crop is grown in Alberta, which has been very negatively affected by the dry growing season. Saskatchewan grows about half the wheat crop and has experienced some dry conditions, especially near its western border with Alberta. Barley production is estimated at 14.0 million tons in 2000/01, down 0.5 million from last month, but up 6 percent from last year. Estimated area has dropped from 4.8 million hectares to 4.7 million, again reflecting the August Statistics Canada report. Much of the lost area came from Alberta. Almost half the barley crop is grown in Alberta, where barley yields have been more negativity affected by dry weather than have wheat yields. Spring planting conditions were dry across the prairies, causing concern that the crops would not germinate properly. However, a benefit from the dry spring was that farmers could plant early, a key consideration in a climate where the first fall freeze sometimes damages the crops. The spring rains arrived several weeks late but were adequate for most of the prairies. Extreme southern Alberta did not receive enough rain to grow a normal crop, while rainfall in northern Alberta and western Saskatchewan was adequate. Eastern Saskatchewan and Manitoba received very favorable rain, while Ontario and Quebec received heavy rainfall throughout the season. Unusually cool weather in June and early July delayed crop development. However, by mid-July the prairies warmed to normal temperatures. The warm weather in late July and August speeded crop development and has allowed prairie farmers to harvest slightly ahead of normal. In the second week of September, heavy rain delayed the harvest in parts of the prairies, but this event should not significantly hurt yields.

Oct 1 2000 | Canada: Wheat, Barley, and Rapeseed Production Forecasts Fall
Canadas 2000/01 wheat production is estimated at 25.5 million tons, down 0.5 million from last month and down 5 percent from last year. Estimated harvested area remained the same as last month at 10.9 million hectares, up 5 percent from last year. Statistics Canadas August and October reports on their crop surveys state that low rainfall in the western prairies had a negative impact on wheat yields during the growing season. Estimated wheat yields were very favorable in the eastern provinces of Ontario and Manitoba, but the wheat crop is heavily concentrated in the western provinces. Roughly one-fourth of the crop is grown in Alberta, which has been very negatively impacted by the dry growing season. Saskatchewan grows about half the wheat crop and has experienced some dry conditions, especially near its western border with Alberta. Barley production is estimated at 13.0 million tons in 2000/01, down 1 million tons from last month and down 2 percent from last year. Estimated area fell from 4.7 million hectares to 4.5 this month, with much of the lost area coming from Alberta. Almost half of the barley crop is grown in Alberta, so the dry weather during the growing season had a stronger impact on country-wide barley yields than wheat yields. Yield estimates for both wheat and barley dropped even further this month following weeks of wet weather that have delayed harvesting across the prairies. Canada is expected to produce 7.5 million tons of corn, down 18 percent from last years record crop of 9.1 million and down 9 percent from last months estimate of 8.2 million. Estimated area remained unchanged from last month at 1.1 million hectares, down from 1.2 million last year. Producers in Ontario and Quebec, where most of the crop is grown, responded to growing demand from the livestock industry and tried to plant a record area of 1.3 million hectares this spring. Torrential rains kept farmers from completing their fieldwork as the main corn growing region received 179 percent of its normal rainfall between March 30 to June 30. Producers were forced to switch to soybeans or leave fields fallow. Continuing heavy rains and cool temperatures throughout the summer have damaged many fields and slowed growth. Late planting and slow growth put the crop at risk of frost before harvest. Rapeseed production is also estimated lower at 6.9 million tons, down 0.3 million from last month based on lower yields in the major producing provinces.

Dec 1 2000 | Canada: Wheat Estimate Climbs as Corn Estimate Falls
Canadian wheat production for 2000/01 is forecast at 26.8 million tons, up 1.3 million from last month but virtually unchanged from last year. Area is estimated at 10.9 million hectares. Spring wheat production fell 7 percent to 19.4 million tons, but the durum crop was 5.6 million tons, an increase of 1.3 million tons from the previous year, and second only to the 1998 record of 6.0 million tons. Corn production was severely reduced by a wet and cool growing season Corn production amounted to 6.8 million tons, a 25 percent drop compared to last year. This was the lowest production recorded since 1993 and 15 percent below the five-year average of 8.0 million tons. Wet weather in the spring delayed planting in many areas and continued wet and cool summer weather reduced yields to below the five-year average of 7.45 tons per hectare.

Jul 1 2001 | Canada: Rapeseed Area Down on Low Prices and High Input Costs
Canadian rapeseed output for 2001/02 is estimated at 5.8 million tons, down 1.3 million or 19 percent from last year. Yield is projected at 1.45 tons per hectare, equal to the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 4.0 million hectares, down 0.8 million from last year. Area fell this year as low prices coupled with high input costs when farmers were making planting decisions encouraged a shift to small grains. Unprofitable margins for canola crushers and near-record stocks made an unattractive picture for rapeseed before the planting season began. In April, Statistics Canadas low estimate of 3.8 million hectares raised concerns about supplies for 2001/02, and rapeseed prices began to recover. Consequently, somewhat more planting occurred than had been anticipated. Weather so far during the crop season has been mixed. A dry winter and spring allowed for early planting in all but the eastern growing areas. Favorable rains in late May and June have helped the rapeseed crop in much of Alberta and northern Saskatchewan. In contrast, dry June weather across southern Alberta up into central Saskatchewan hampered crop development. Excessive rains in Manitoba delayed, but did not prevent, planting. Saskatchewan produces 48 percent Canadas rapeseed crop, while Alberta produces 30 percent and Manitoba produces 21 percent.

Aug 1 2001 | Canada: Wheat, Barley, and Rapeseed Production Forecasts Fall
Canadas 2001/02 wheat production is estimated at 22.5 million tons, down 2.5 million tons or 10 percent from last month and down 4.3 million or 16 percent from last year. The countrys 2001/02 barley crop is estimated down 5 percent this month at 12.3 million tons, which is a 9 percent reduction from last years harvest. Crop yield for both grains is forecast significantly lower in Alberta and Saskatchewan owing to drought stress, as regional crop conditions have continued to deteriorate in the worst-hit areas during July and early August. The vast majority of grain crops in Canada are in moisture sensitive grainfill stages, and require timely showers to stabilize yield potential. Grain size and quality will be determined by finishing conditions in the next few weeks. Canadian agriculture officials and crop scouts report that although July rainfall has been beneficial in stabilizing crop condition in diverse locations, it arrived too late in many hard-hit areas such as southern Alberta and parts of Saskatchewan. The drought-affected region in the Prairie Provinces decreased this month, but long-term moisture deficits and stressful growing conditions are still widespread. On the positive side, spring wheat and barley crop yields in Manitoba are forecast well above average levels, having benefitted from abundant summer moisture and cool temperatures. However, crop disease is a significant issue in Manitoba this year, affecting both yield potential and grain quality. Rapeseed production in 2001/02 is forecast to be 5.3 million tons, down 0.5 million tons or 9 percent from last month and down 1.8 million or 25 percent from last year. Yield is expected to decrease to 1.33 tons per hectare from 1.45 tons due to an extended period of below average precipitation and high temperatures in the prairies of central Alberta and Saskatchewan. Favorable rainfall conditions in the Peace River Valley of northwest Alberta and drier weather in previously waterlogged areas of Manitoba aided crop development and enhanced yield prospects. Production gains in these growing regions may somewhat offset production decreases in central Alberta and Saskatchewan. Harvested area in 2001/02 is forecast down 0.8 million hectares or 17 percent, from last years 4.8 million hectares because of poor price prospects and high input costs.

Sep 1 2001 | Canada: Heat, Drought, Cut Soybean Yields
Canadian soybean output for 2001/02 is forecast at 2.3 million tons, down 500,000 from last months estimate and down from 2.7 million last year. Excessive heat and very little rain in July and early August drastically reduced yield potential of soybeans, stressing the crop during flowering. Eighty-six percent of the crop is grown in southern Ontario and was affected by the hot,dry weather. Insect infestations have also been a factor in reducing yield potential. The soybean crop is normally harvested from September to November.

Sep 1 2001 | Canada: Wheat, Barley, and Corn Production Forecasts Fall
Canadian 2001/02 wheat production is estimated at 21.5 million tons, down 1.0 million tons or 4 percent from last month and 5.3 million or 20 percent from last year. The barley crop dropped 0.8 million tons this month to 11.5 million, down 2.0 million or 15 percent from last year. Wheat and barley yields are forecast at well below-average levels due to continued deterioration of crops during August and September across wide portions of southern and central Alberta and Saskatchewan. Season-long drought and high temperatures significantly reduced yield potential in the spring wheat, durum, and barley crops, triggering both early maturation and harvest across Canada. In the severely affected areas, farmers were reportedly forced to abandon roughly 600,000 hectares of wheat and 350,000 hectares of barley. Drought-related abandonment, therefore, effectively negated the entire 800,000 hectare increase in wheat and barley acreage that Canadian growers planted this season. The 2001/02 corn crop (grown mostly in Ontario) was also affected by dryness and high temperatures during tasseling. Corn production is currently estimated at 8.5 million tons, down 1.0 million or 11 percent from last month, but up 1.7 million or 25 percent from last year. Corn area increased roughly 13 percent in 2001/02 to an estimated 1.23 million hectares, but below-average yields are forecast.

Dec 1 2001 | Canada: Wheat Production Lowest Since 1988
Canadian wheat production for 2001/02 is estimated at 21.3 million tons, up 0.6 million or 3 percent from last month, but down 5.5 million or 21 percent from last year. Wheat area, at 11.0 million hectares, is unchanged from last month and up slightly from last year. The decline in production was caused by low spring and durum wheat yields in Western Canada, resulting from extremely dry growing conditions. The spring wheat yield of 2.0 tons per hectare and the durum yield of 1.5 tons were well below the five-year averages of 2.35 and 2.15 tons per hectare for spring and durum wheat, respectively. Overall, wheat yield was 1.94 tons per hectare compared to 2.37 tons for the five-year average. Wheat production in 2001/02 was the lowest since 15.9 million tons in 1988/89.

May 1 2002 | Canada: Wheat Production Forecast to Increase
Canadian wheat production for 2002/03 is forecast at 24.0 million tons, up from 21.3 million in 2001/02. Despite a decrease in estimated harvested area in 2002, down from 11.1 million hectares in 2001/02 to 10.5 million, production should increase because of substantially improved yields from last years drought reduced levels. The average wheat yield this year is estimated to be 2.29 tons per hectare, up dramatically from 1.92 tons in 2001. In general, moisture conditions continue to be dry on the Canadian prairie, which could create problems if the trend continues into the growing season. Typically, over half of the wheat in Canada is grown in the central prairie province of Saskatchewan, where spring crop planting is behind schedule this year, due to cold temperatures. Spring wheat accounts for over 90 percent of the total wheat produced in Canada.

Aug 1 2002 | Canada: 2002/03 Wheat, Barley, and Rapeseed Production Slashed Due to Weather
Canadian wheat production is forecast to be 18.0 million tons, down 5.0 million from last month, and down 3.3 million from last year. Barley production is forecast to be 9.0 million tons, down 4.0 million tons from last month, and 2.4 million from last year. Rapeseed production is forecast to be 3.9 million tons, down 1.6 million from last month, and down 1.2 million tons from last year. Parts of the Canadian Prairie have been extremely dry since spring 2001, and the trend has continued through the 2002-growing season. The current growing season started out with a period of below average temperatures, followed by a brief period of widespread moisture. Since the emergence of crops, a pattern of dryness and above normal temperatures has dominated the prairie, especially in Alberta and Saskatchewan. In addition, pests have been unusually abundant, and most recently, early frost has been reported in several places. Crop reports from Alberta indicate that no grain or oilseeds will be harvested from a large portion of the province. Manitoba appears to be in fair condition, and Saskatchewan crops are highly variable, ranging from very poor to good.

Jun 1 1999 | CANADA: WHEAT AND BARLEY LOWERED DUE TO PLANTING DELAYS
USDA forecasts 1999/00 wheat production at 23.5 million tons, down 1.5 million from last month and 4 percent from last year. Crop yield is forecast at 2.28 tons per hectare, down slightly from last month as late planting and increased potential for disease offsets the benefits of abundant soil moisture. Barley is forecast at 12.2 million tons, down 0.3 million from last month and down 4 percent from last year. Crop yield is forecast at 2.98 tons per hectare, unchanged from last month. Wheat harvested area is forecast to decrease to 10.3 million hectares, down 5 percent from last month and 4 percent from last year. Barley harvested area is forecast to decrease to 4.1 million hectares, down 2 percent from last month and down 4 percent from last year. Area is down because excessive moisture has caused planting delays. Southeast Saskatchewan and Southwest Manitoba are the areas that have had the most delays. In Saskatchewan, spring wheat and durum were only 89 percent and 83 percent seeded as of June 6 respectively, versus a 5-year average of 99 percent, while barley was only 80 percent seeded versus a 5-year average of 95 percent. In Southeast Saskatchewan, only 15-40 percent of intended total planted area was seeded as of May 31, while in Southwest Manitoba only 20-30 percent was seeded as of June 7. In Southwest Manitoba, which grows one third of Manitoba's wheat , much of the area is under water or saturated to a point that seeding may not be possible this season. In addition, reports indicate an additional 0.8 million hectares may be placed in summer fallow if fields do not dry out in time to plant. The cut-off dates for crop insurance have been extended from June 5 to June 20 in Saskatchewan and Manitoba due to planting delays.

Jul 1 1999 | CANADA: BARLEY AND OATS FORECASTS RISE
Canada's barley production forecast for 1999/2000 rose 3 percent from last month to 12.5 million tons, but is still slightly below last year's level. Yield is increased due to favorable weather in Alberta. Oat production rose 3 percent from last month to a forecast 3.6 million tons due to a slight increase in planted area; however, production is down 9 percent from last year. Barley and oats are mainly grown in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, but area is down sharply from 1998/99 due in part to heavy spring rains and low temperatures that caused excessive wetness during planting time in Saskatchewan. Standing water reported in many fields in the southeastern part of Saskatchewan. Canada succeeded in planting more oats than projected in last month's forecast due to producers seeding some areas usually considered too dry for crops and planting oats in fields usually reserved for wheat.

Aug 1 1999 | CANADA: FAVORABLE WEATHER RESURRECTS WHEAT AND RAPESEED OUTPUT
Canada's 1999/2000 wheat production is estimated at 25.0 million tons, up 1.5 million from last month and 2 percent higher than last year. Wheat yield is forecast to match the 1996/97 record at 2.43 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month as favorable summer weather aided crop development and offset the delay caused by late planting. USDAs yield estimate matches Statistics Canada, which released a crop report on August 26 with the results of the July crop yield survey. Wheat area is forecast to remain at 10.3 million hectares, the same as last month but down 5 percent from last year. Canada's rapeseed production is estimated at 8.3 million tons, up 1.0 million from last month and up 9 percent from last year. Crop yield is forecast at a record 1.48 tons per hectare, up 14 percent from last month because of favorable weather. Rapeseed area is forecast to remain at 5.6 million hectares, the same as last month and up 3 percent from last year. Area forecasts for all crops were dampened early in the season owing to excessive moisture, which caused planting delays that left crops in many areas of the prairies two to four weeks behind normal development. Furthermore, cool wet weather in early summer raised concerns that an early frost could damage overall production. The first freeze in the prairies usually occurs in early September. However, nearly ideal warmth and dryness in August accelerated crop development such that frost is no longer a serious threat to yields. There are still concerns about frost, but at this point a frost would not greatly reduce the quantity of the crop, but may significantly reduce crop quality.

Sep 1 1999 | CANADA: FAVORABLE WEATHER RESURRECTS WHEAT AND RAPESEED OUTPUT
Canada's 1999/2000 wheat production is estimated at 25.0 million tons, up 1.5 million from last month and 2 percent higher than last year. Wheat yield is forecast to match the 1996/97 record at 2.43 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month as favorable summer weather aided crop development and offset the delay caused by late planting. USDAs yield estimate matches Statistics Canada, which released a crop report on August 26 with the results of the July crop yield survey. Wheat area is forecast to remain at 10.3 million hectares, the same as last month but down 5 percent from last year. Canada's rapeseed production is estimated at 8.3 million tons, up 1.0 million from last month and up 9 percent from last year. Crop yield is forecast at a record 1.48 tons per hectare, up 14 percent from last month because of favorable weather. Rapeseed area is forecast to remain at 5.6 million hectares, the same as last month and up 3 percent from last year. Area forecasts for all crops were dampened early in the season owing to excessive moisture, which caused planting delays that left crops in many areas of the prairies two to four weeks behind normal development. Furthermore, cool wet weather in early summer raised concerns that an early frost could damage overall production. The first freeze in the prairies usually occurs in early September. However, nearly ideal warmth and dryness in August accelerated crop development such that frost is no longer a serious threat to yields. There are still concerns about frost, but at this point a frost would not greatly reduce the quantity of the crop, but may significantly reduce crop quality.

Nov 1 1999 | CANADA: BUMPER WHEAT, BARLEY, AND RAPESEED CROPS DESPITE LATE PLANTING AND HARVEST
Canadas 1999/2000 wheat production is estimated at 26.0 million tons, up 1.0 million from last month and up 7 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 2.52 tons per hectare, surpassing the previous record in 1996/97 of 2.43 tons. Area is estimated to remain at 10.3 million hectares, the same as last month, but down 5 percent from last year. Canadas barley production is estimated at 13.0 million tons, up 0.3 million tons from both last month and last year. Area is unchanged from last month at 4.1 million hectares, down 4 percent from last year. Canadas rapeseed production is estimated at a record 8.6 million tons, up 0.3 million from last month and up 13 percent from last year. Crop yield is forecast at a record 1.54 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month. Area is forecast to remain at 5.6 million hectares, the same as last month and up 3 percent from last year. Favorable summer weather aided crop development and offset the delay caused by late planting. Area projections declined in June because excessive moisture caused substantial planting delays: southeast Saskatchewan and southwest Manitoba were the areas that had the most delays. Weather was cool and wet throughout the early summer, then changed to nearly ideal warmth and dryness in August. Crops in many areas of the prairies were two to four weeks behind normal development, causing concern that an early freeze would damage overall production. However, harvesting continued very late this season due to the late planting, and producers in the prairies benefitted from the fact that hard freezes held off until the average first date in mid September or thereafter. Freezing temperatures in areas in Saskatchewan and Manitoba that suffered the greatest planting delays did not occur until nearly October.

Dec 1 1999 | CANADA: BUMPER CROPS, DESPITE LATE PLANTING AND HARVEST
Canadas 1999/2000 wheat production is estimated at 26.9 million tons, up 0.9 million from last month and up 12 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 2.59 tons per hectare, surpassing the previous 1996/97 record of 2.43 tons. Estimated harvested area rose 0.1 million hectares to 10.4 million hectares, but is down 4 percent from last year. Canadas barley production is estimated at 13.2 million tons, up 0.2 million tons from last month and 0.5 million tons from last year. Area is unchanged from last month at 4.1 million hectares, down 4 percent from last year. Canadas corn production is estimated at a record 9.1 million tons, up 0.6 million tons from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Canadas rapeseed production is estimated at a record 8.8 million tons, up 0.2 million from last month and up 16 percent from last year. Crop yield is forecast at a record 1.58 tons per hectare, up 3 percent from last month. Area is forecast to remain at 5.6 million hectares, the same as last month and up 3 percent from last year. These changes were made following the December Statistics Canada report. Favorable summer weather aided crop development and offset the delay caused by late planting. Area projections declined in June because excessive moisture caused substantial planting delays: southeast Saskatchewan and southwest Manitoba were the areas that had the most delays. Weather was cool and wet throughout the early summer, then changed to nearly ideal warmth and dryness in August. Crops in many areas of the prairies were two to four weeks behind normal development, causing concern that an early freeze would damage overall production. However, harvesting continued very late this season due to the planting delays, and producers in the prairies benefitted from the fact that hard freezes held off until the average first date in mid-September or thereafter. Areas in Saskatchewan and Manitoba that suffered the most delays received the latest hard freeze, which did not occur there until nearly October.

Sep 1 2002 | Canada: Record Wheat and Rapeseed Abandonment Reduces Production
Canadian wheat production is forecast at 15.4 million tons in 2002, down 2.6 million from last month, and down 5.2 million from last year. Rapeseed production is forecast at 3.3 million tons in 2002, down 0.6 million from last month and down 1.6 million from last year. A second consecutive year of dry weather during the critical late June to early August period has reduced wheat and rapeseed yields to levels well below average. In addition to low yields, a survey conducted by Statistics Canada at the end of July indicated that area seeded to crops would be abandoned in record proportions. The survey showed that 16 percent of the seeded wheat area would not be harvested for grain, resulting in an effective area of just over 8.9 million hectares. For rapeseed, 18 percent of the seeded area will be abandoned, resulting in a harvested area of 3.2 million hectares. For both wheat and rapeseed, the abandonment rates this year are dramatically higher than average, when it is unusual if more than 2 percent is not harvested. Harvesting is now underway, although untimely rains have delayed progress in many parts of the prairie.

Oct 1 2002 | Canadian 2002/03 Soybean Production Up From Last Year
Soybean production in Canada is forecast to be 2.35 million tons in 2002/03, down 0.25 million from last month, but up 44 percent from last years drought reduced 1.63 million tons. The estimate is based on Statistics Canadas September estimate of 2.26 million tons, which is for Quebec and Ontario. It is estimated that an additional 0.9 million tons will be produced in Manitoba. Soybean area in Manitoba has increased in recent years, because of the use of new varieties that are well suited to the relatively short growing season. National yield is expected to be 2.30 tons per hectare, which is below the 5-year average of 2.60 tons, because of hot and dry conditions in Ontario. Total harvested area is estimated at 1.02 million hectares, down from 1.07 million harvested last year.

Dec 1 2002 | Canadian 2002/03 Field Crops Estimates Generally Higher Despite Large Abandonment
Based on Statistics Canadas November Estimate of Production of Principal Field Crops, USDA raises its 2002/03 wheat estimate 0.2 million tons to 15.7 million. Barley is estimated lower at 7.3 million tons, down 0.4 million from last month. Corn is estimated at 9.1 million tons, up 0.8 million from last month. Rapeseed is estimated at 3.6 million tons, up 0.3 million from last month. Relative to Statistics Canadas September estimates, it has become more clear the extent to which abandonment of crops occurred this season. Harvested area estimates are decreased for wheat, barley, and rapeseed this month while yields for the same crops are increased. Yields for wheat and rapeseed were increased enough so that total production is estimated higher.

Jul 1 2003 | Canada: 2003/04 Wheat and Rapeseed Production Substantially Higher
Canadian wheat production is forecast to be 25.0 million tons in 2003/04, up 1.0 million from last month, and up dramatically from 15.7 million tons in 2002/03. Harvested area in 2003/04 is down 50,000 hectares from last month at 10.4 million, but up from 8.6 million hectares last year. Forecast area was lowered based on a June planted area survey from Statistics Canada. Generally good conditions across the prairie mean that yield, currently forecast at 2.40 tons per hectare, will be substantially better than the 1.82 tons per hectare last year. Rapeseed production is forecast to be 6.4 million tons in 2003/04, up 2.8 million from 3.6 million tons in 2002/03. Harvested area in 2003/04 is forecast at 4.65 million hectares, up from 2.86 million last year. The estimated yield for this years crop is expected to be 1.38 tons per hectare, significantly higher than last years drought-affected level of 1.25 tons. Relief from the 2002 drought arrived last fall on the Canadian prairie, disrupting harvest activities but replenishing depleted soil moisture. Snow cover during the winter months created favorable conditions for spring planting. Cold temperatures and wetness delayed fieldwork this spring, but most of the prairie is now in good condition. Wind and lack of rainfall in the second half of June caused some concern, but recent widespread rainfall has improved the outlook. Yields are expected to rebound to near normal levels for the first time since 2000/01. For more information, contact Jim Tringe at (202) 720-0882.

Aug 1 2003 | Canada: 2003/04 Wheat Crop Damaged by Hot Dry Winds
Canadian wheat production for 2003/04 is revised to 22.0 million tons, down 3 million from last month or 12 percent but 40 percent above last years crop. It seemed relief from the two-year drought in the Canadian prairie had finally arrived with abundant autumn rainfall. However, the weather since early July has been windy, hot and dry, causing crop conditions to steadily deteriorate. Satellite imagery reveals vegetation to be stressed across much of the wheat growing area of western Canada. Yields are forecast to be below average for the third consecutive year although not as poor as yields in 2001, according to the provincial agricultural office in Saskatchewan and the Canadian Wheat Board. For Eastern Canada, winter wheat yields are expected to be exceptional. (For more information, contact Jim Tringe, 202-720-0882)

Oct 1 2003 | Canada: 2003/04 Wheat Crop Forecast Higher; Third Year of Low Yields on the Prairie
Wheat production in Canada is forecast to be 22.0 million tons in 2003, up 1.0 million tons from last month and up 36 percent from 16.2 million last year, but still below the average of 24.0 million. Harvested area is forecast to be 10.4 million hectares, virtually unchanged from last month, but up from 8.8 million in 2002, because of decreased abandonment. Winter wheat plantings in eastern Canada expanded by more than 60 percent compared to recent years, to over 400,000 hectares. Coupled with eastern Canada winter wheat yields of nearly 5 tons per hectare, the area increase buoyed the 2003 total wheat crop by an additional 0.8 million tons over a typical year. Western Canada durum wheat production is forecast to be 4.0 million tons, slightly higher than 3.9 million last year. The increase in harvested area is offset by a lower yield. Relief from the 2-year drought arrived last fall on the Canadian prairie, when abundant rainfall replenished depleted soil moisture. Additional precipitation, in the form of winter snowfall, created favorable moisture conditions for spring planting. Cold temperatures and wetness delayed field work in May, but most parts of the prairie were in good condition by mid-June. In general, the weather during July and August was windy, hot, and dry, which caused crop conditions to steadily deteriorate. Scattered showers sustained some fields, but depleted soil moisture reserves after 2 years of drought prevented many crops from achieving their potential this year. Unlike last year, the wheat harvest was not interrupted by inclement weather, and is now almost finished. (For more information, contact Jim Tringe at 202-720-0882.)

Dec 1 2003 | Canada: Wheat Production Average in 2003/04
FAS/Washington estimates 2003/04 Canadian wheat production at 23.5 million tons, an increase of 1.5 million from last month and 7.3 million above last year's crop. Harvested area is estimated at 10.5 million hectares, up 40,000 hectares from last month and 18 percent above last year's level. The yield for this year's crop is estimated at 2.24 tons per hectare, well above last year's drought-affected level of 1.84 tons per hectare. Statistics Canada has revised its yield estimates in October and December after harvest, raising production. During the growing season, relief from the two-year drought arrived in autumn 2002 on the Canadian prairie, when abundant rainfall replenished depleted soil moisture. Additional precipitation, in the form of snow created favorable moisture conditions for spring planting. Cold temperatures and wet fields delayed fieldwork in May. Wind, heat, and lack of rainfall in the second half of June caused some concern, but timely rainfall arrived eventually and harvest weather was optimal. Yields rebounded to near normal levels for the first time since 2000. Durum wheat production is forecast to be 4.3 million tons, non-durum spring wheat is forecast at 16.4 million tons, and winter wheat production is estimated at a record 2.8 million tons. (For more information, contact James Tringe at 202-720-0882.)

May 1 2004 | Canadian wheat production should increase
Canadian wheat production should increase because of substantially improved yields from last years drought-reduced levels. The average wheat yield this year is forecast to be 2.30 tons per hectare, up dramatically from 1.82 tons in 2002. Moisture conditions are adequate all across the Canadian prairie, which was not the case at this time last year. Spring wheat accounts for over 90 percent of the total wheat produced in Canada. Winter wheat production is typically between 1.5 and 1.8 million tons, but based on the expansion of winter wheat area this year, winter wheat production could be as high as 2.5 million tons. Most winter wheat is grown in Ontario, and harvested area is forecast to increase despite dry conditions during planting and extremely cold winter weather. Winter wheat yields in Canada can be nearly double spring wheat yields. Spring wheat planting, including durum wheat, has just begun in western Canada.

Jun 1 2004 | Canada Rapeseed and Soybean Production Forecast To Increase From Last Year
Rapeseed (canola) production in Canada is forecast to be 6.85 million tons in 2004, up from 6.67 million tons in 2003. Harvested area is projected to be 5.0 million hectares this year, up by 0.31 million, or nearly 7 percent from 4.69 million hectares last year. Rapeseed yield is forecast to be slightly below the 10-year average, at 1.37 tons per hectare. Over the winter, subsoil moisture conditions were a concern in the traditional rapeseed growing areas of the western prairie. Recent heavy rainfall in Manitoba has improved the soil moisture situation, but interrupted planting progress. If fieldwork continues to be delayed, some farmers who intended to plant rapeseed may switch to cereals that are less susceptible to an early frost. Soybean production in Canada is forecast to be 2.75 million tons in 2004, up from 2.27 million tons in 2003. Harvested area is projected to be a record 1.1 million hectares this year, up by 0.05 million, or nearly 5 percent from 1.05 million hectares last year. Soybean yield is forecast to be slightly above the 10-year average, at 2.5 tons per hectare. The vast majority of soybeans are grown in eastern Canada, in the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. In recent years, soybean area has steadily increased in Manitoba as short-season varieties were adopted. However, wet field conditions in eastern and prairie soybean growing regions suggest that farmers may not be able to carry out the planting intentions reported in April, dampening the year-to-year area increase. (For more information, contact Jim Tringe at 202-690-0882.)

Dec 1 2004 | Canada: 2004/05 Wheat and Rapeseed Production Estimate Increased
Canadas 2004/05 wheat production is estimated at 25.9 million tons, up 8 percent from last month and up 10 percent from last year. In addition, rapeseed production is estimated at 7.7 million tons, up 10 percent from last month and up 14 percent from last year. Canada experienced an unusually cool and wet growing season this year, which delayed crop maturation well beyond the normal period. Favorable moisture conditions, however, boosted overall crop yields to well above average levels and set the stage for significant increases in overall production. Early frosts, heavy rain and snow plagued mature grain and oilseed crops causing significant quality problems and harvest delays. Snow in particular blanketed a sizable portion of grain growing region of Alberta and Saskatchewan in October, bringing the 2004 harvest to a premature standstill. Given these conditions, many crops were expected to lie unharvested until the spring. However, in November an unusually warm and dry weather pattern developed which allowed many producers to both finish harvesting their 2004/05 crops while also advancing their fall fieldwork for next years crops. Official estimates now indicate that 98 percent of the 2004/05 wheat crop has been successfully harvested. Field reports also indicate that the seasons ample moisture and mild growing conditions led to significantly higher crop yields than was earlier expected. (For more information, contact Michael Shean at 202-720-7366.)

May 1 2005 | Canadian wheat production is forecast at 23.5 million tons
Canadian wheat production is forecast at 23.5 million tons, down 9 percent from last years production of 25.9 million, with a downward move to 2.37 tons per hectare yield from last years record 2.62 tons. Total wheat harvested area is projected to be 9.90 million hectares, slightly above last years harvested area of 9.86 million, based on higher planting intentions according to Statistics Canada. Spring wheat is currently being planted and accounts for roughly 70 percent of total wheat production. Although some dry patches are currently present in the Prairies, no major drought concern exists. Most of the grain belt currently has good to excellent subsoil moisture conditions and the recent warmer temperatures are enabling fieldwork, especially in the southern parts of Manitoba, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. However, the winter wheat crop in Ontario, where 60 percent of the winter wheat crop was grown last year, is off to a relatively slow start given the early bouts of cold weather and recent dryness. Winter wheat accounts for roughly 9 percent of total wheat production. (For more information, contact Nicole Wagner at 202-720-0882.)


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