Crop Explorer - Production Briefs - Eastern Africa


Nov 8 2019 | Ethiopia Corn: Record Production Expected
Ethiopia corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at a record 8.4 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt from last month and up 0.05 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 2.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month and last year. Yield is estimated at 3.65 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 5 percent from last month and nearly equal to the 5-year-average yield. Ethiopia and South Africa are the only countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with average corn yields above 3 t/ha.ne percent of the total area. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov)

Aug 12 2019 | Kenya Corn: Production Down from Last Year Due to Early Season Drought
Kenya corn production for 2019/20 is estimated at 3.2 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month, but down 0.4 mmt (10 percent) from the 5-year average and down 0.8 mmt (20 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 2.0 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but down 0.17 mha (8 percent) from the 5-year average and down 0.2 mha (9 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.6 metric tons per hectare, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from the 5-year average and down 12 percent from last year. Estimated corn area and yields are below the 5-year average due to an early season drought from March through May. (For more information, contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Sep 12 2018 | Tanzania Cotton: Production Nearly Doubles from Previous Year
Tanzania cotton production for 2018/19 is estimated at 425,000 480-lb bales, up 25,000 bales (6 percent) from last month, and up 195,000 bales (85 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 500,000 hectares, unchanged from last month but up 150,000 hectares (43 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 185 kilograms per hectare, up 6 percent from last month and up 29 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov)

Apr 12 2016 | Ethiopia Sorghum: Drought Reduces Sorghum Production
Ethiopia sorghum production for 2015/16 is estimated at 2.6 million metric tons, down 1.4 million from last year’s record crop. Harvested area is estimated at 1.5 million hectares, down 0.3 million hectares from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.73 tons per hectare, down 22 percent from last year’s near-record yield. Sorghum yield is down due to drought in the lowland sorghum growing areas, especially in the east. Sorghum is grown by small landholders in the eastern and northwestern part of the country, where the weather is relatively dry and soil fertility low.

Apr 12 2016 | Ethiopia Wheat: Production Lowered Due to Drought
Ethiopia wheat production for 2015/16 is estimated at 3.3 million metric tons, down 0.5 million from last year’s near-record crop. Harvested area is estimated at 1.6 million hectares, up 20,000 hectares from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.1 tons per hectare, down 13 percent from last year’s near-record yield. Wheat yield is down due to untimely and insufficient rainfall in the highland wheat growing areas. Ethiopia is the largest wheat producer in Sub- Saharan Africa, with most of the wheat being rainfed and grown on small farms in the highlands.

Apr 9 2015 | Sudan Sorghum: Record Area with Favorable Rainfall Yields Record Production
Sudan’s 2014/15 sorghum production is estimated at a record 6.3 million tons, up 2.8 million from last month and up 4.0 million from last year’s drought-affected crop. Harvested area is estimated at a record 8.6 million hectares, up 3.0 million hectares from last month and up 4.3 million hectares from last year. Yields are estimated at 0.73 tons per hectare, above the 5-year average of 0.65 tons per hectare, with abundant rainfall having good spatial and temporal distribution during the entire growing season. According to a January 8, 2015 report from the Government-led annual Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM), sorghum area reached record levels due to high prices following the previous year’s drought and from improvements in the availability of agricultural inputs and credit. Timely arrival of seasonal rains also contributed to increased plantings and favorable rains also provided above-average yields. In summary, the final record production was attributed to a combination of record harvested area and above-average yields from well-distributed rainfall during the growing season. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov).

Jan 12 2015 | Ethiopia Wheat: Record Production Estimated
Ethiopia wheat production for 2014/15 is forecast to reach a record 4.4 million tons, up 0.15 million tons from last year’s record crop. Harvested area is estimated at a record 1.8 million hectares, up 0.15 million from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 2.4 tons per hectare, due to favorable rainfall throughout the growing season in the wheat highland regions. Wheat yield has been increasing since 2002 due to favorable government initiatives that adopted improved seed varieties, increased fertilizer distribution, and expanded agriculture extension in rural areas. 3

Apr 9 2008 | Ethiopia: Record Output Forecast for Both Corn and Wheat
Ethiopia's corn and wheat production for 2007/08 are forecast to reach record levels for the third consecutive year. Corn production is estimated at 5.6 million tons, up 12 percent from last year, and wheat production is estimated at 4.9 million tons, up 32 percent. The year-to-year increases are attributed to favorable weather and well-distributed rainfall in both the main production zones and the marginal crop areas. Other contributing factors include record planted area and improved yields from the better availability of fertilizers, seeds, and credit. In addition, consistently high local grain prices have encouraged growers to increase investments in agricultural inputs and to plant more wheat and corn. (For more information, contact Curt Reynolds at 202-690-0134.)

Apr 10 2007 | Ethiopia: Record Corn and Wheat Crops Due to Favorable Weather
Ethiopias 2006/07 corn and wheat production are estimated at a record 5.0 million and 3.7million tons, respectively, up 20 and 27 percent from last years bumper crop. The record cropsare attributed to favorable weather and well-distributed rainfall received in the main productionzones, as well as in the marginal crop areas. Other factors contributing to the bumper crops wereincreased planted area and improved yields from better availability of fertilizers, seeds, andcredit. In addition, local grain prices have remained high over recent years, which haveencouraged growers to increase investments in agricultural inputs. (For more information,contact Curt Reynolds at 202-690-0134.)

Aug 1 2005 | Tanzania: Record Corn Output Forecasted For 2005/06
Tanzanias 2005/06 corn production is forecast at a record 3.3 million tons, up 70,000 tons from last year. Area is expected to be a record 2.97 million hectares, slightly above last years record area. Corn yields are forecast at 1.1 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last year but still below the 5-year average. Tanzanias grain basket of the southern highlands had above-average rains and increased fertilizer applications due to a new fertilizer subsidy program. However, yields were below-average in some regions of central Tanzania where a dry spell in February adversely affected the crop. In addition, Aprils rainfall was below-average throughout most of the country, which reduced yields in many regions in northeastern Tanzania where the crop was at critical flowering and tasseling stages. However, these decreases are expected to be offset by increases in the southern highlands. Crop production is expected to be near record levels due to increased corn area. (For more information, contact Curt Reynolds at 202-690-013.)

Feb 1 1997 | KENYA: CORN PRODUCTION LOWERED DUE TO POOR SHORT-RAINS SEASON
Corn production in Kenya for 1996/97 is estimated at 2.2 million tons, down 0.4 million or 15 percent from 1995/96. Harvested area is estimated at 1.5 million hectares, down 14 percent from last season as unfavorable weather, low corn prices and government policies led farmers to switch to other crops, according to the U.S. agricultural attache in Nairobi. This year was plagued by a poor short-rains season, especially in eastern and northeastern Kenya. In northeastern Kenya, the rains lasted about two weeks instead of two and a-half-months; in other areas, the short-rains season began late and ended early. Corn production during the short-rains season usually account for about 20 percent of the crop. Also, the long-rains season (March through June 1996) was below-normal. Periods of dryness in April and May along with above-normal temperatures stressed the corn crop and reduced yield potential. Yield is estimated at 1.47 tons per hectare or 3 percent above the 5-year average.

Apr 1 2002 | Ethiopia: Corn Production Rises
Ethiopias 2001/02 corn production is estimated at 3.25 million tons, up 0.63 million from last month and up 0.15 million tons from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 2.0 million hectares, up 0.25 million from last month and up 0.15 million from last year. In general, favorable rainfall at the higher altitudes contributed towards good growing conditions and a bumper harvest for the country. However, rainfall at the lower altitude agricultural regions was less favorable, with some regions reporting lower production due to late onset, erratic distribution, or early cessation of rainfall.

Apr 1 2002 | Sudan: Sorghum Production Up
Sudans 2001/02 sorghum production is estimated at 3.77 million tons, up 1.27 million from last month and up 1.27 million tons from the previous year. Area harvested is estimated at 5.85 million hectares, up 1.65 million from last year. Area expansion and favorable weather contributed to the above average harvest and higher yields than in the preceding five years. In general, rainfall started on time in most regions and was well distributed throughout the season, especially in the important Central Region where nearly 40 percent of sorghum is produced. Area harvested for irrigated sorghum also expanded due to the good rainfall raising the Nile water levels higher than usual.


Close Window