Crop Explorer - World Agricultural Production (WAP) Briefs - Western Africa


Dec 9 2021 | African Franc Zone Cotton: Record Production Expected
USDA estimates African Franc Zone cotton production for marketing year (MY) 2021/22 at a record 6.2 million 480-pound bales, up 0.3 million bales (4 percent) from last month and 1.4 million bales (29 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 3.1 million hectares, down 85,000 hectares (3 percent) from last month, but up 691,000 hectares (29 percent) from last year. The estimated yield of 435 kilograms per hectare is up 7 percent from the 5-year average. Favorable weather and adequate inputs helped to boost yields above average for all countries except for Togo, which experienced an extreme drought early in the season. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Sep 10 2021 | Africa Franc Zone Cotton: Mali Plants Record Area for Near Record Production Prospects
USDA forecasts Africa Franc Zone cotton production for marketing year (MY) 2021/22 at near record 5.86 million 480-pound bales, down 0.3 million bales (5 percent) from last month, up 1.0 million bales (21 percent) from last year, and down 59,000 bales (1 percent) from the MY 2019/20 record crop. Harvested area is forecast at 3.1 million hectares, down 190,000 hectares (6 percent) from last month, up 710,000 hectares (29 percent) from last year, and down slightly from the MY 2019/20 record area. The forecast yield of 408 kg/ha is nearly equal to the 5-year average yield. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Sep 10 2021 | Senegal Peanuts: Favorable August Rains Restore Production Prospects
Senegal peanut production for marketing year 2021/22 is forecast at 1.7 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.15 mmt (10 percent) from last month, but down 0.1 mmt (5 percent) from last year’s record production. Harvested area is forecast at 1.2 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and down 25,000 hectares (2 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.42 metric tons per hectare, down 3 percent from last year’s record yield. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Apr 9 2021 | Senegal Peanuts: Record Production from Favorable Rains
Senegal peanut production for marketing year 2020/21 is estimated at a record 1.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 200,000 metric tons (mt) (14 percent) from last month and up 179,000 mt (13 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.2 million hectares, up 20,000 hectares (2 percent) from last month and up 109,000 hectares (10 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.31 metric tons per hectare, up 20 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated above average due to well-distributed and above-average rains from July through September. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Mar 9 2021 | Senegal Cotton: Favorable Rains Boost Yield
Senegal’s cotton production for 2020/21 is estimated at 36,000 480-lb bales, up 1,000 bales (3 percent) from last month and up 7,000 bales (24 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 17,000 hectares (ha), down 3,000 ha (15 percent) from last month, but up 1,000 ha (6 percent) from last year. Yield is estimated at 461 kilograms per hectare, up 21 percent from last month, 17 percent from last year, and 41 percent from the 5-year average. Favorable seasonal rains and low pest pressure helped to boost yield well above average. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Jan 12 2021 | Mali Cotton: Sharp Reduction in Production due to Reduced Area
Mali’s cotton production for 2020/21 is estimated at 285,000 480-pound bales, down 115,000 bales (29 percent) from last month and down 1.07 million bales (79 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 165,000 hectares (ha), down 35,000 ha (18 percent) from last month and down 570,000 ha (78 percent) from last year. The harvested area is the lowest area since 1988 when 160,000 ha was harvested. Yield is estimated at 376 kilograms per hectare, down 7 percent from the 5-year average. Weather was favorable during the growing season, but yields are estimated to be slightly below average due to the lack of fertilizer for the cotton crop. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Oct 9 2020 | Benin Cotton: Lower Production Prospects Despite Higher Yields
Benin’s cotton production for 2020/21 is estimated at 1.35 million 480-pound bales, down 75,000 bales (5 percent) from last month and down 75,000 bales (5 percent) from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 600,000 hectares (ha), down 65,000 ha (10 percent) from last month and down 65,000 ha (10 percent) from last year. Yield is forecast at 490 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 5 percent from last year and 11 percent above the 5-year average yield. Production prospects indicate Benin will be West Africa’s leading cotton producer this year, despite planted area being less than last year. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Oct 9 2020 | Senegal Peanuts: Favorable Rains Increase Production Prospects
Senegal peanut production for 2020/21 is estimated at 1.4 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.1 mmt (8 percent) from last month but down 0.02 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.2 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month but up 0.09 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.17 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), up 7 percent from the five-year average of 1.09 t/ha. Yield is expected to be above-average due to favorable rains from July through September. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Jun 11 2020 | Senegal Peanuts: Planting Delayed in the South
Senegal peanut production for 2020/21 is forecast at 1.3 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.15 mmt from last month and down 0.12 mmt from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.2 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month, but up 0.9 mha from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.08 metric tons per hectare or nearly equal to the 5-year average yield. Planting typically begins in southern Senegal in May, but a late onset of rains in May delayed planting. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Jan 10 2020 | Mali Cotton: Record Area but Delayed Rains Lowered Planting Intentions
Mali’s cotton production for 2019/20 is estimated at 1.35 million 480-pound bales, down 0.14 million bales or 9 percent from last month but up 0.08 million bales or 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 735,000 thousand hectares, down 40,000 hectares or 5 percent from last month but up 10,000 hectares or 1 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 400 kilograms per hectare, up 5 percent from last year but 2 percent below the 5-year average. Mali’s cotton is sown from May to July and harvest is from late October to December. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@usda.gov.)

Dec 11 2018 | Nigeria Rice: Record Production Expected
Nigeria’s 2018/19 milled rice production is estimated at a record 4.79 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt (27 percent) from last month and up 0.1 mmt (3 percent) from last year. Area is estimated at 3.6 million hectares (mha), up 0.4 mha (13 percent) from last month and unchanged from last year. Yield is estimated at 2.11 metric tons per hectare, up 13 percent from last month and up 11 percent from the 5-year average. Seasonal rainfall was average to above average during the 2018 growing season, with September floods in the north-central part of the country slightly reducing potential output. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Nov 8 2018 | African Franc Zone Cotton: Record Production Expected
USDA estimates the 2018/19 cotton production for the African Franc Zone at a record 5.73 million 480-pound bales, up 0.46 million bales (9 percent) from last month and up 0.24 million bales (4 percent) from last year’s record. Harvested area is estimated at 3.03 million hectares, up 0.16 million hectares (6 percent) from last month, but slightly below last year’s record. The estimated yield is 412 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 6 percent from the 5-year average and down 11 percent from the record yield of 463 kg/ha in 1986/87. The African Franc Zone cotton region of western and central Africa includes the following ten countries in order of estimated 2018/19 production: Mali (1,400 thousand bales), Burkina Faso (1,400), Benin (1,275), Cote d’Ivoire (725), Cameroon (500), Togo (230), Chad (120), Senegal (40), Central African Republic (32) and Niger (9). (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Jun 12 2018 | Cote d’Ivoire Cotton: 2017/18 Output Above Average
Cote d’Ivoire’s cotton production for 2017/18 is estimated at 785,000 480-pound bales, up 26 percent from the 2016/17 marketing year and up 8 percent from the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 0.37 million hectares, up 21,000 hectares or 6 percent from the previous year. Yield is estimated at 467 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 11 percent from the 5-year average yield of 421 kg/ha. Seasonal rainfall for 2017/18 crop was favorable throughout the season, with an estimated two-thirds of the crop considered first-quality. Good quality cotton was harvested this year due to favorable weather and increased investment during the past several years. The cotton sector is experiencing a revival from renewed interest and investment, after experiencing nearly a decade of neglect due to the political crisis caused by a civil war that started in late 2002. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Dec 12 2017 | Senegal Peanuts: Estimated Record Yield
Senegal’s peanut production for 2017/18 is estimated at 1.4 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.3 mmt from last month and up 0.45 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.25 million hectares (mha), up 0.05 mha from last month and up 0.1 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 1.12 metric tons per hectare, up 37 percent from last year and up 33 percent from the 5-year average yield. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Dec 12 2017 | Burkina Faso Cotton: Estimated Output Down Due to Drought and Pest Pressures
Burkina Faso’s cotton production for 2017/18 is estimated at 1.3 million 480-pound bales, down 0.12 million bales from last month and down 0.01 million bales from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 0.85 million hectares (mha), up 0.095 mha from last month and up 0.15 mha from last year. The estimated yield of 333 kilograms per hectare is the lowest since 1995 – down 19 percent from both last month and last year and down 19 percent from the 5-year average yield. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Nov 9 2017 | Mali Cotton: Production Estimated at A Record Level
Mali’s cotton production for 2017/18 is estimated at a record 1.37 million 480 pound bales, up 0.15 million or 12 percent from last year’s record crop. Harvested area is estimated at a record 0.73 million hectares, up 75,000 hectares or 11 percent from last year’s record area. Yield is estimated at 409 kilograms per hectare, nearly the same as last year and 3 percent above the 5-year average. Mali’s cotton is sown from May to July and harvest is from late October to December. (For more information, please contact Curt.Reynolds@fas.usda.gov.)

Oct 12 2016 | Mali Cotton: Production Forecast at Record Level
Mali’s cotton production for 2016/17 is forecast at a record 1.23 million bales, up 0.13 million bales from last month and up 0.25 million bales or 26 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at a record 0.7 million hectares (mha), up 0.1 mha from last month and up 0.16 mha or 28 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 381 kilograms per hectare, down 2 percent from last year and 3 percent below the 5-year average. Mali’s cotton is sown from May to July and harvest is from late October to December.

Aug 12 2016 | Senegal Peanuts: Forecast Area Increases Nearly 40 Percent
Senegal’s peanut production for 2016/17 is forecast at 1.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.27 mmt from last month and down 0.07 mmt from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 1.1 million hectares (mha), up 0.3 mha or 38 percent from last month and down 0.04 mha from last year. Yield is forecast at 0.91 metric tons per hectare, down 3.0 percent from last year and 11 percent above the 5-year average yield.

May 19 2009 | World 2009/10 Crop Area and Production Forecasts
The initial USDA country-level area and production estimates for 2009/10 grains, oilseeds, andcotton are provided this month. In previous years, only the initial grain estimates were releasedin May, but this year estimates for oilseeds and cotton are provided as well.World wheat area for 2009/10 is estimated at 224 million hectares, down less than 1 percentfrom last year. International prices in September 2008, when many Northern Hemisphere wheatproducers were deciding if they would plant, had declined from a year earlier while prices forcorn and soybeans were stronger. Wheat production is forecast at 658 million metric tons, down25 million tons from 2008/09, when excellent growing conditions occurred in many of the majorproducers.World corn area is forecast at 156 million hectares for 2009/10, unchanged from the previousyear. Reports of farmers foregoing corn planting because of high input costs have been receivedfrom many countries. Corn area is not increasing even though corn prices were high relative towheat, and to a lesser extent soybean, during December to February when many farmers weremaking their corn planting decisions. Corn production is forecast virtually unchanged at 788million tons as corn planting in the Northern Hemisphere is underway.World soybean area is forecast at 99 million hectares up 2 million. Production is forecast at 242million tons, up 29 million from 2008/09. Much of the increase results from an expectation ofrecovery in Argentina and Brazil which suffered from extreme drought in major producing areas.World international soybean/corn price ratios from October through December favored corn, buthigher production costs have favored soybeans, which require fewer inputs. (For moreinformation, contact Paul Provance 202-720-0873.)

Nov 13 2007 | Nigerias 2007/08 Corn Production Down Sharply from Last Year
Nigerias 2007/08 corn production is forecasted at 6.5 million tons, down 2.5 million tons fromlast month and down 1.3 million from last year. The reduction in production is due to severalfactors: less corn area planted as a result of very poor financial returns from last years bumpercrop; low prices at the time of planting this year; and high fertilizer prices. Corn area for2007/08 is forecasted at 4.0 million hectares, down 1.2 million hectares from last month anddown 0.7 million from last year. The estimated yield of 1.63 tons/ha is below last years yield of1.66 tons/ha and slightly below the 5-year average yield of 1.63. Insufficient and erratic rainfallin the northern grain belt was another factor impacting the reduced corn crop.

May 12 2006 | Foreign Rice Output Expected To Rise For 2006/07
Foreign milled rice production for 2006/07 is estimated at 410.5 million tons, up 6.1 million or 1.5 percent from last year. The increase is due to a small rise in both estimated area (152.05 million hectares, up 1.5 million) and forecast yield. Production is expected to drop by 300,000 tons in Pakistan due to lower yields (down from last year's record level). In Japan and South Korea, government-mandated area reductions and declining yields are expected to cut production this year. The largest production gains are expected in India (up 2.1 million tons) and China (up 1.6 million). However, the largest percent production increases are expected in Australia and Brazil (both up 9 percent) due to higher forecast yields. Higher production is anticipated in Nigeria (up 100,000 tons) as well as the major rice producers in Southeast Asia, notably Bangladesh (up 800,000 tons) and Cambodia (up 190,000 tons). Only minor year-to-year area and production changes are expected in the EU, other Central and South America countries, the former Soviet Republics, and Africa. (For more information, contact Paulette Sandene at 202-690-0133).

Nov 1 1997 | NIGERIA: PEANUT DATA SERIES REVISED
Information provided by the U.S. agricultural attache in Lagos resulted in a re-evaluation of the data series for Nigerian peanut production. This month, Nigeria's peanut production estimate for 1997/98 is revised to 1.75 million tons, up from 0.25 million, and peanut harvested area is raised to 2.00 million hectares from 0.50 million. Similarly, 1996/97 production and area are revised upward to 1.72 from 0.25 million tons and to 1.83 from 0.50 million hectares. Increases also have been made to previous year's estimates. Peanuts have gradually been gaining popularity across the savanna zone of Nigeria over the years. Area planted to peanuts for 1997/98 is estimated to have increased 10 percent from 1996/97; however, output is estimated to increase 2 percent. A reduction in yield is due to the non-availability of fertilizers and improved seed varieties. There were no reported incidences of major pest or disease outbreaks this season; however, there were reports of minor damage from armyworm and termite attacks in some states.

Apr 1 2000 | Nigeria: Peanut Production Revised Upward
Nigerian peanut production for 1999/2000 is estimated at 1.45 million tons. Production for 1998/99 is revised to 1.43 million, based on revisions in the historical data series. Peanuts have been gaining in popularity across the savanna region of Nigeria for 8 years. To a great extent, Nigerias crop is produced by smallholder farmers. Commercial farming (units greater than 10 hectares) reportedly accounts for less than 5 percent of the total harvest.


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