Crop Explorer - Commodity Intelligence Reports - Australia


Jun 1 2021 | AUSTRALIA: 2020/21 SORGHUM PRODUCTION REBOUNDS
Australia sorghum production for 2020/21 is estimated at 1.35 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.05 mmt or 350 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 0.51 million hectares (mha), up 0.36 mha or 240 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.65 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 0.65 t/ha or 33 percent from last year. The significant rebound in production is due to much improved precipitation compared to last season.

May 28 2021 | AUSTRALIA: 2020/21 COTTON PRODUCTION REBOUNDS
Australia 2020/21 cotton production is estimated at 2.5 million 480-pound bales (0.544 million metric tons), unchanged from last month but up 1.9 million bales or 300 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 275,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, but up nearly 360 percent from last year. Yield is currently estimated at 1,979 kilograms per hectare, unchanged from last month, but 10 percent above the 5-year average

May 15 2020 | 2019/20 Australia Cotton: Production Estimate Down 72 Percent from Last Year
The 2019/20 Australia cotton crop is estimated at 0.625 million 480-pound bales (0.136 million metric tons), down 1.575 million or 72 percent from last year (see Figure 1). Harvested area is estimated at 0.06 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 84 percent from last year. The severe lack of irrigation water and dry conditions resulted in a historically low cotton area of 0.06 million hectares, a result of persistent below normal precipitation exacerbated by the 2019 drought. On average, Australia ranks as the eighth largest producer of raw cotton based on the most recent 5-year average from 2015/16 to 2019/20 (see Figure 2).

Apr 15 2020 | Australia: Sorghum Reduced by Heat and Dryness
Australia sorghum production for 2019/20 is estimated at 0.4 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.88 mmt or 69 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 0.25 million hectares (mha), down 0.25 mha or 50 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1.60 tons per hectare (t/ha), down 0.98 t/ha or 38 percent from last year.

May 20 2019 | Australia Cotton: Production Estimate Down 48 Percent from Last Year
The 2018/19 Australia cotton crop is estimated at 2.5 million 480-pound bales (0.544 million metric tons), down 2.3 million or 48 percent from last year (see figure 1). Australia is the eighth largest producer of raw cotton based on recent five-year average (see figure 2). Harvested area is estimated at 0.3 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 43 percent from last year.

May 2 2019 | Australia: Sorghum Reduced by Heat and Dryness
Australia sorghum production for 2018/19 is estimated at 1.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.14 mmt or 10 percent from last year (see figure 1). Area is estimated at 0.54 million hectares (mha), up 0.09 mha or 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.41 tons per hectare, down 16 percent from the five-year average (see figure 2).

Mar 30 2017 | Heat and Dryness Reduce Production Prospects for Australia Sorghum
Australia is the ninth largest producer of sorghum in the world, but the second largest exporter. The main grain crops grown in Australia include wheat, canola, oats, pulses, sorghum and barley. Australian grain production occurs in both the summer and winter seasons. Winter crops include wheat, barley and canola. Summer crops include sorghum, cotton and sunflowers. The following pie chart depicts the contribution to the national production of major crops. The data source is Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES).

Oct 30 2009 | Western Australia 2009 Crop Travel: September 12-25, 2009
Western Australia (WA) is the country's major wheat-producing state and is the country's top grain exporting state. In recent years WA has also experienced expansion in production of other field crops including rapeseed, barley, oats, and lupines. Obviously, first-hand knowledge of agricultural production operations and circumstances would greatly contribute toward improvements in our crop forecasting program.

Nov 25 2008 | Australia Crop Travel Report
The crop travel was conducted in Victoria, New South Wales, and southern Queensland (Figure 1). We covered a total of roughly 1300 miles starting from Melbourne in Victoria, through the southern part of the Australian wheat belt to Mildura in north-west Victoria. We continued through Hillston, Wagga Wagga, to Canberra in New South Wales (Figure 2). We also travelled to southern Queensland, from Brisbane to Toowoomba and Darby.

Nov 30 2006 | Drought Crushes Australia Crop Production
A significant decline in 2006/07 winter crop production is anticipated in all producing states this season due to below normal rainfall. The crops were sown in June of 2006 and harvested in December. The major winter crops are wheat, barley, oats and canola. Harvest was completed earlier than normal because of the dry conditions which advanced the crop stage.

Jul 17 2006 | Australia Wheat Down Under. Dry Conditions Reduce Crop Size
Dry conditions throughout Australia's grain growing regions have reduced production potential of the 2006/07 wheat crop. Production is forecast to decrease from last year due to a revised lower area. Area is forecast lower this season, as a result of inadequate rainfall during the Australian summer and fall seasons thereby limiting sown area and crop establishment. Significant area reductions are anticipated in all states, most appreciably in Western Australia (WA).

Jul 17 2006 | Australia Rapeseed Production Slips Away
Dry conditions throughout Australia's grain growing regions have reduced production potential of the 2006/07 rapeseed crop. Production is lower due to a forecast lower area. Area is forecast to decrease from last year, as a result of inadequate rainfall during the important weeks leading up to the optimal rapeseed planting period.

Mar 24 2006 | Cyclone Larry Lashes Northeastern Queensland
Maximum-category five Cyclone Larry, packing winds of up to 180 mph, ripped through northern Queensland about 7:00 am on Monday, March 20. Hardest hit was the sugar-growing town of Innisfail, a farming city of 8,500 people 60 miles south of the tourist city of Cairns in northeastern Queensland state.

Aug 15 2000 | CURRENT RAINFALL PATTERN MAY REDUCE GRAIN YIELDS THIS SEASON
Rainfall total accumulation and distribution has remained below average for the growing season. Western Australia continues to be well below normal for the period from May 1 to August 1, as does most of the grain growing area of Queensland. South Australia, Victoria, and New South Wales are all slightly below average for total cumulative precipitation.

Nov 9 2000 | AUSTRALIA WHEAT PRODUCTION LOWER
Queensland's grain harvest is well underway and lower yields are being reported as a result of continued dryness and above average temperatures throughout the state for much of the growing season. This applies to the northern New South Wales growing areas as well this season.

Dec 12 2000 | AUSTRALIA WHEAT PRODUCTION LOWER
Most of the south-east Australia grain regions have experienced favorable weather this season, sustaining yields equal to or higher than the five year averages. Western Australia's dry conditions will significantly impact Australia's total grain production this season. Lower yields in the biggest grain producing state will lead to substantial production decrease this season. The current forecast is 12.0 million hectares of harvested area and a total Australia wheat production of 19.5 million tons. Barley production is estimated unchanged at 5.4 million tons.

Jul 25 2001 | Australia: Dryness Prevails in Queensland
Two of Australia wheat producing states, Queensland and Western Australia, continue to experience dry conditions in the winter (southern hemisphere) growing season. Queensland's cumulative precipitation for this season is the lowest in several years. Satellite imagery also supports the meteorological data indicating persistent dryness. Satellite derived vegetation index maps indicate poorer conditions and or reduced area this growing season as compared to previous seasons.

Sep 20 2001 | Western Australian Wheat Fares Better Than Expected
Persistent dry early-winter conditions this season in two of Australia's wheat producing states, Queensland and Western Australia, severely affected wheat production potential. However, improved rainfall since mid-July has improved prospects. Satellite data of the region reveals good winter crop conditions, with overall plant health similar to 1999 (a year characterized by above-average growing conditions). Western Australia's northern area may be less affected by below-normal precipitation than previously anticipated.

Jan 18 2002 | Australia: Winter Grain Season Slowly Concludes
Australia's 2001/02 grain harvest, characterized by varied growing conditions across the grain belt, is nearing completion. Queensland and Western Australia began the season with exceptionally dry conditions. While Queensland continued to suffer drought-like conditions, Western Australia began to receive normal precipitation somewhat late in the growing season. The late start of spring and winter precipitation in Western Australia likely cut yield potential. Conditions in New South Wales were generally dry in the north, while the southern region experienced mostly favorable growing conditions as did the other main grain producing states of Victoria and South Australia.

Feb 15 2002 | Australia Cotton: Conditions Favorable
USDA expects near-average yields for most New South Wales cotton valleys. Temperature and precipitation patterns in Queensland are similar enough to last season to anticipate above-average yields there as well. Positive conditions in some parts of Queensland are corroborated with satellite data. The two Australian states account for over 99 percent of Australia's total cotton production. Based on the last five seasons, New South Wales produces 72 percent of the crop, with Queensland accounting for the remainder. The current crop was planted in November 2001, and will be harvested in April 2002. Queensland irrigated cotton comprised 85 percent of the cotton produced in Queensland. New South Wales irrigated cotton production accounts for 94 percent of the state's total production. Assuming adequate soil moisture, cotton yields are significantly dependent on warm sunny days.

Aug 14 2002 | Australia Wheat Down Under
Dry conditions in eastern Australia have reduced production potential of the 2002/03 wheat crop. Production is forecast down due to continued dryness in Queensland (QLD), New South Wales (NSW), and Western Australia (WA), which has negatively affected both area and yield. Area is forecast lower this season, a result of a lack of adequate rainfall at planting, and later for crop establishment. Significant area reductions are anticipated in southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. Wheat area in the southern growing states of Victoria (VIC) and South Australia (SA) is expected to be similar to last season, in response to favorable conditions, a later planting window, and improved price expectations.

Sep 19 2002 | Australian Wheat Production Way Down Under
Dry conditions throughout Australias grain growing regions have reduced production potential of the 2002/03 wheat crop. Production is forecast down due to continued dryness in Queensland (QLD), New South Wales (NSW), and Victoria (VIC), which has negatively affected both area and yield. Area is forecast lower this season, as a result of inadequate rainfall during both planting and crop establishment. Significant area reductions are anticipated in southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. Wheat area in South Australia (SA) is expected to be similar to last season, in response to relatively good conditions, a later planting window, and improved price expectations. Western Australia is considered to have had overall a more favorable season than the other states

May 16 2003 | Australian Wheat Production to Rebound
Australian wheat production is forecast at a record 26 million tons, up 16.5 million or 174 percent from last year. Area is forecast at a record 13.5 million hectares. The record area combined with an average yield will result in record production.

Jul 14 2003 | Australia: 2003/04 Cotton Production Forecast Below Average
Australian cotton production for 2003/04 is estimated at 1.5 million bales, up just slightly at 0.1 million or 7 percent from last years drought-reduced crop. Harvested area is estimated at 220,000 hectares, down slightly from last years level. Recent rainfall events suggest that drought conditions experienced in 2002/03 are slightly improved. However, this past years severe drought has depleted irrigation water supplies and sharply lowered soil moisture levels.

Sep 12 2003 | Australia: Winter Wheat Yield Potential Increases
On September 11, USDA's official forecast of Australia's 2003/04 wheat production was set at 24.0 million tons, up 1.0 million or 4 percent from last month, and up 14.6 million or 156 percent from last year. This large year-to-year production increase is the result of higher area and yield. This forecast is 3.2 million tons or 17 percent above the five-year average and is third largest on record. The current 2003/04 wheat area forecast is 12.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 1.17 million hectares or 11percent from last year.

Dec 16 2004 | Dry Spring in Eastern Australia
Even as official figures confirmed huge leaps in grain production throughout Australia since drought stunted crops in 2002, the winter crop of 2004 suffered from a dry start to the season. Winter grains normally require rain in September. In 2004, little rain fell across much of eastern Australias crop-growing regions. Some rain did fall in the Southeast in October and November, but it came too late for the filling winter grain crop. The approaching summer brought high temperatures and strong winds in October and November, which desiccated the crops and other vegetation. As a result, below average yields are expected, says James Crutchfield, a crop analyst at the United States Department of Agricultures Foreign Agricultural Service. The drop in production could be difficult for farmers in those areas suffering from the third consecutive season of drought.


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