Crop Explorer - Commodity Intelligence Reports - Western Africa

Sep 21 2022 | Record Palm Oil Production Forecast for Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana
Palm oil production for marketing year (MY) 2022/23 is forecast at a record 600,000 metric tons (mt) for Côte d’Ivoire, and a record 300,000 mt for Ghana. Harvested area for Côte d’Ivoire is forecast at a record 300,000 hectares (ha), while harvested area for Ghana is forecast at 360,000 ha. Record palm oil yields are forecast for Côte d’Ivoire at 2.00 metric tons per hectare (t/ha) and for Ghana at 0.83 t/ha (Figures 1 and 2). Yields for small-scale landholders are less than large-scale industrial plantations because small landholders often lack access to high yielding hybrid varieties or they cannot afford fertilizers to boost yields. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) personnel from Washington DC, Accra, and Abidjan, travelled in major palm oil producing areas in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire in July 2022 (Figure 3).

Sep 28 2021 | African Franc Zone Cotton: Favorable 2021/22 Production Prospects After Near Record Area Planted
West Africa’s Franc Zone cotton production prospects for marketing year (MY) 2021/22 are favorable after a near record area was planted and weather was favorable for crop establishment and development from June through early September. USDA forecasts Mali to be the largest cotton producer in Africa for MY 2021/22, followed by Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, and Burkina Faso (Figure 1). Mali planted a record area of 795,000 hectares (ha), up 630,000 hectares (382 percent) from last year’s boycotted crop. Côte d’Ivoire also planted a record crop area of 460,000 ha, while Benin and Burkina Faso each planted over 600,000 hectares this year.

Jul 16 2019 | Benin Becomes Leading Cotton Producer in West Africa’s Franc Zone
Franc Zone cotton production for marketing year (MY) 2019/20 is forecast at a record 6.0 million bales, up 0.6 million bales or 11 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast a record 3.3 million hectares, up 0.3 million hectares or 10 percent from last year. Benin was the leading cotton producer for the region last year and is forecast to be the top producer again this year (Figure 1).

Dec 14 2007 | 2007 Crop Tour Report for Niger, Burkina Faso, and Ethiopia
A mid-season crop assessment tour for Niger, Burkina Faso, and Ethiopia was conducted by personnel from USDAs Office of Global Analysis (OGA) and USAID's FEWS-NET project from September 10 to October 3, 2007. The general crop conditions and field observations within these countries are summarized below.

Nov 18 1999 | Central and East African Grain Production
Total grain production in Central and East Africa for 1999/2000 is estimated at 24.8 million tons, down from 26.3 million in 1998/99. Harvested area is estimated at 25.8 million hectares, down marginally from last season. Central and East Africa for the purpose of this article, include the following countries: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. For 1999/2000, grain production in most Central and East African countries is lower than last year, but still near the 5-year average. The principle reasons for the decline in output are erratic weather, civil strife, pests, and reduced use of inputs. However, in Cameroon, Burundi, Uganda, and the Central African Republic production is either similar to or slightly higher than in 1998/99.

Oct 22 2001 | Rice Production in Senegal Sustained
Senegals paddy rice production for 2001/02 is estimated at 220,000 metric tons, up 1 percent from last year and up 18 percent from the five-year average. Area harvested is estimated at 85,000 hectares, equal to last year and up 15 percent from the five-year average. This year's rice crop is expected to remain the same as last year, even though the 2001 rains were below normal. These poor rains are not expected to reduce rice production because most of the rice crop is irrigated along the Senegal River.

Oct 18 2001 | Mali's Cotton Production Doubles and Nears Record Levels
Malis 2001/02 cotton production is estimated at 1.1 million bales, up 0.1 million from last month and up 0.62 million from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 0.5 million hectares, up 0.3 million from last year and 85,000 hectares above the five-year average. Malis record cotton production is attributed to increased planted area, as well as favorable weather and few pest problems. Typically, Mali is West Africas leading cotton producer and Africas second largest producer after Egypt. Output in 2000/01 was well below the five-year average because farmers boycotted cotton due to low prices. Cotton was favored by farmers this year, and Malis 2001/02 cotton production is forecast near-record levels

Feb 28 2002 | Bumper Rice Crop in Cote dIvoire
Cote dIvoires milled rice production for MY2001/02 is estimated at 580,000 tons, up 100,000 from last November's estimate, and up 10,000 from last year. The bumper harvest was a record (Figure 1), due to area expansion and good rainfall distribution from April-October, 2001. Rainfall during the 2001 growing season (April-October) was not especially good in the upland regions in the west, but rainfall was good in the southern and northern parts of the country (Figure 2). During recent years, weather has been unfavorable for upland rice production due to erratic rainfall. This situation has led farmers to cultivate less upland rice and shift rice cultivation to lowland areas when possible.

Mar 15 2002 | Nigeria Rice Production Increases and Import Duty Raised
Nigerias milled rice production for marketing year (MY) 2001/02 is estimated at 2.1 million tons, up 100,000 tons from last year. Rainfall and rice production in Nigeria was good in 2001, except for isolated reports of flooding in some regions. The corresponding vegetation growth was near average as indicated by satellite imagery during October's harvest (Figure 1). Rice yields also increased due to growers using improved rice varieties. The National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) at Badeggi has continued to introduce farmers to improved rice varieties for different ecologies. Their improvements include medium- to long-grain rice varieties tolerant to blast, the most damaging rice disease in Nigeria.

Sep 6 2002 | Senegal: Drought Causes Worries in Peanut Producing Region
Severe drought over Senegal's Groundnut Basin (Figure 1) has greatly reduced this year's peanut crop production prospects. USDA estimates the peanut crop for MY 2001/02 at 903,000 tons, slightly below the 2000/01 record crop of one million tons. This years crop (MY 2002/03) was forecasted by USDA in early July at 900,000 tons, but industry sources indicate the drought may reduce peanut production to lower than 500,000 tons.

Sep 13 2002 | Favorable Palm Oil Production for Cote dIvoire
Cote dIvoires palm oil production for MY 2002/03 is forecast to rise resulting from good rainfall for the past two years, adequate fertilizer applications, and a successful replanting program which will bring higher yields from younger trees. PALMCI, the largest palm oil company in Cote dIvoire, claims they have replaced nearly 60 percent of the aged plantations during the past 6 years. The replanted palm trees older than four to five years are now bearing fruit and are being harvested. In addition, palm oil yields are also expected to increase from the good rains received for the past two years (NDVI charts).

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